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CHAPTER ON THE NOBLE AGE OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLA LAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM

Three narrations are mentioned regarding the age of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. The most correct, superior and acceptable according to the majority of the muhadditheen and historians, is that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam attained the apparent age of sixty three years.

In another narration sixty years have also been mentioned. Regarding this, it is felt that generally whilst counting, the fractions are omitted, therefore sixty years has been mentioned. In the third narration sixty five has been mentioned, regarding which it is said that the year of birth and the year of passing are counted as full years. 
 

The author has collected six ahaadith in this chapter.  


(362) Hadith Number 1.


Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports: "Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam lived in Makkah for thirteen years. (In these thirteen years) Wahi was revealed (to Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. After this he made Hijrah from Makkah), and lived for ten years in Madinah. He passed away at the age of sixty three.   


Commentary

Different narrations have been narrated regarding the age of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, which has been briefly explained at the beginning of this chapter. According to the muhadditheen and historians this is the most correct narration. 
 



(363) Hadith Number 2.

Hasrat Mu'aa-wiyah Radiyallahu 'Anhu once said this in the Khutbah: "Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away at the age of sixty three. (The Shaykhayn, i.e.) Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu and Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu also passed away at the age of sixty three years. My age (at the moment) is also sixty three". 
    


Commentary

It means that it is not impossible for me to be blessed with the following of this natural age. The muhadditheen write that this wish of Sayyidina' Mu'aa-wiyah Radiyallahu 'Anhu was not fulfilled. He passed away at the age of eighty years. Sayyidina 'Uthmaan Radiyallahu'Anhu was not mentioned here, although he had close ties with him. The reason is apparent, that the age of Sayyidina 'Uthmaan Radiyallahu 'Anhu was more than eighty years old when he was martyred. The reason for Imaam Tirmidhi (RH) mentioning this narration is to strengthen the previous narration, where it is stated that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away at the age of sixty three years. The Shaykhayn were blessed with the natural following of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in this matter.
  


(364) Hadith Number 3.

Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha reports: "Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away at the age of sixty three years. 
   


Commentary

This narration is also to strengthen the previous narrations. It is confirmed from many narrations that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam attained the age of sixty three years. Therefore the narration that are contrary to these are not correct, or are not correct in their apparent form. 
 


(365) Hadith Number 4.

Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu narrates: "Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away at the age of sixty five years". 
  


Commentary

This narration is contrary to the previous narration. It shall be briefly discussed at the end of the chapter, and a reference to it has already been made at the beginning of the chapter. 
      


(366) Hadith Number 5.

Hasrat Daghfal bin Hanzalah Sadusi Radiyallahu 'Anhu narrates: "Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away at the age of sixty five years". 
  


Commentary

After mentioning this hadith, Imaam Tirmidhi (RH0 says that Hasrat Daghfal Radiyallahu 'Anhu was present in the time of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, and was of an old age. It is not proven that he had met Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. It points to the fact that he had heard this narration from another person. 
  


(367) Hadith Number 6.

Hasrat Anas Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports: ''Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was not of a tall height nor was he short. (According to colour) he was not very white, nor very wheat coloured (dark). His blessed hair were not very curly nor very straight (but was slightly curled). He was blessed with Prophethood at the age of forty, after that he lived for ten years in Makkah Mukarramah, and ten years in Madinah Munawwarah. At the age of sixty years, Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away. At that time he did not have more than twenty white hair in his blessed head and beard''. 
  


Commentary

This hadith of Sayyidina Anas Radiyallahu 'Anhu has been mentioned at the beginning of the book. In its commentary the three narrations have also been mentioned, and the explanations of the three different narrations have also been given. The 'ulama are unanimous in that the narrations where in the age of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is narrated as sixty three years are the most correct. The other hadith can be referred to this, or it may be possible that the later narrators may have slipped up. Therefore in this hadith of Sayyidina Anas Radiyallahu 'Anhu, it could be explained that many a times, at the time of counting, only the units are mentioned, and the fractions omitted. Sayyidina 'Urwah bin Zubayr Radiyallahu 'Anhu, the nephew of Sayyidiyina 'Aayesha Radiyallahu 'Anha has stated that the narration of Sayyidina Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu where the age is mentioned as sixty five years is incorrect. Mulla Ali Qaari has explained this in detail.
 

Studying Ash-Shaam-il  

The Noble age of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)   

Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam is said to have had the apparent life of sixty three years. Thirteen years were spent in Makkah Makkaramah and ten years in Medina Munawwarah.  

It is also mentioned that the Ulama comment that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was a Prophet before taking his role as a Messenger. At the age of forty years, the revelations were revealed to Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam and three years later, he was ordered to spread the message.   

In the Shariah, when calculating time and dates, only the lunar calendar is used.