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CHAPTER ON THE PASSING OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLA LAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM

The historians are unanimous in that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away on a Monday. There are differences of opinion about the date of the demise. The majority are of the opinion that it was on the twelfth of Rabi'ul Awwal, but there is a perplexity in this, that in the tenth year Hijri, the ninth of Dhul Hijjah, the day on which Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam observed the wuquf of 'Arafah, was on a Friday. There is no difference of opinion in this among the muhadditheen nor the historians. This has also been mentioned many a time in the ahaadith that the Hajj of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu ‘Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, i.e. the ninth of Dhul Hijjah was on a Friday. After taking this into consideration, if the months of Dhul Hijjah' Muharram and Safar, all three months had thirty days or twenty nine days, or if some had twenty nine and the others thirty days, in no combination does twelfth Rabi'ul Awwal fall on a Monday. For this reason a group among the muhadditheen have given preference to the other date, which is that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu ‘Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away on the second Rabi'ul Awwal.

The illness of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam first began with a headache. On that day Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was at the house of Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha. After that, at the house of Sayyiditina Maymuna Radiyallahu'Anha (on the day appointed for her), the illness increased. In this state he fulfilled the rights of his wives by spending the days appointed for them at their houses. When the illness became more severe, Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, with the consent of the other blessed wives – Azwaj-e-Mutherat, began spending his days of illness at the house of Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away at the house of Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu'Anha during this illness. The period of illness was about twelve to fourteen days. Sayyidina Rasululah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away on a Monday, a little before noon. There is no difference of opinion in this. If there are any narrations contrary to this, it shall be necessary to give an explanation to solve it. 


(368) Hadith Number 1.

Hasrat Anas Radiyallahu 'Anhu narrates: "The last glimpse I had of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was at the time of his last illness on a Monday morning when he lifted the curtain of his house (to take a look at his Ummah performing the salaah). At that time his blessed face was shining and clear as if it was a page of the Mus-haf (Qur-aan). At that time the people were performing the (fajr) salaah behind Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu. The people began moving back (in happiness after seeing him, thinking that he would come to join them. Before this too on an occasion when Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam became ill, Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu led the salaah. When he was recovering he would come and join the congregational prayer). Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam made a sign to the people to remain in their places. Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away on that day". 


Commentary


This is the last glimpse on the Monday, wherein Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam judged that the shar'ee system has been established, and the old friend Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu would fulfil his duty, and shoulder the responsibilities of the Ummah. Accordingly, this is what took place and what the world witnessed, that the demise of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was such an occurrence before which all the incidents that took place in the world are of no importance and as if nothing had occurred, and with it the fitnah - trials of apostasy, and the facing of all worldly problems, but this pinnacle of steadfastness endured all its calamities, and with a will stronger than hard rock, overcame all hardships and difficulties. The truth is that Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu did justice to his responsibilities as a Khalifah of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. A pillar of Islaam like Sayyidina 'Umar Ridiyallahu 'Anhu, whose courage, strength and ability, friends and enemies alike had accepted, when requesting Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu to adopt leniency, receives a reply not to be weak-hearted.



(369) Hadith Number 2.


Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha relates that at the time of the passing of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, she gave him support with her chest, or she said with her lap. He asked for a container to urinate in. He urinated therein. Thereafter he passed away. 
 


Commentary

It is a pride for Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha that the last moments were spent with her. When Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away from this world and reached his Creator, his head was resting in the lap of Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha. 



(370) Hadith Number 3.


Sayyidina Qaasim bin Muhammad Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports that Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha said: "I had seen Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam at the time of his passing, a cup of water was near him. He was putting his blessed hands in the cup and wiping his blessed face with it. (At the time of intense heat and unrest it calms one). Then he was reciting: 'O Allah help me in the difficulties of death"'. 
 


Commentary

On one side it was a lesson to the Ummah, and on the other side at the time of death, when the soul was leaving the body, it was a scene of complete steadfastness, perseverance and a total inclination towards Allah (swt). At the time of death, when the soul was separated from the body, it is natural that pain was experienced. At that moment only Allah (swt) could be beseeched to make it easy.


(371) Hadith Number 4.


Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha narrates: ''After witnessing the difficulties experienced by Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, I do not doubt that anyone does not experience difficulties at the time of death''. 
  


Commentary

Intense illness is a means of decreasing the sins of one's evil deeds, and increasing in the blessing of that person, Intense illness being a reason for death makes one utter more istighfaar – prayer for forgiveness and prepare for death. Note. This does not apply to Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam who was sinless and free from any error and blemish. This experiencing of difficulty was a means by which Allah (swt) was further increasing the blessings upon Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu ‘Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam.


(372) Hadith Number 5.


Sayyidina 'Ayesha Radiyallahu 'Anha narrates: ''After the demise of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, a disagreement arose (between the Sahaabah (RA)) regarding the burial. (Some preferred the Masjidun Nabawi, Some because of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam's attachment to the Sahaabah (RA), said the Baqi (Jannat ul’Baqi). Some said he should be buried next to his great grandfather, Sayyidina Ebrahim, 'Alayhi Salaam. Some said at his birth place in Makkah Mukarramah.etc.) Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu thereupon said: 'I heard something from Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam which I did not forget (and remember very well). The passing of the Ambiyaa – Prophets (Alayhi Salaam) occurs in the very place where their burial is desired. Hence bury Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam at the place of his passing (where his departure occurred)'''. 


Commentary


As after the demise of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, it was destined that Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu would take his place, therefore such masaa-il – matters were a speciality only known by Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu. A few ahaadith are mentioned as an example:
 

1. No Nabi's demise occurs till that Nabi – Prophet (As) becomes a muqtadi, (performs prayers behind) in salaah of one among his Ummah.
2. The ahaadith on the collecting of zakaah and its nisaab rate.
3. The portion between my grave and mimbar is a part from the gardens of Jannah (Paradise).
4. The Prophets (Alayhi Salaam) do not have any heirs (No one inherits from a Prophet (As).
5. When Allah Ta'aala gives a Nabi any Rizq (sustenance), that person is responsible for its administration, who is the Khalifah of the Nabi (As).
6. The one that becomes a Khalifah or a king, and he carelessly chooses a deputy, the curse of Allah befalls him. By carelessness it is meant that he does not consider the facts.
7. The hadith on the punishment for adultery.
8. The hadith on consultations at the time of Jihaad.
9. The basis of the deen is on Laa ilaaha iliallaah (There is no God but Allah (swt)).
10. The Khilaafah be among the Quraysh.
11. The virtues of the Ansaar and the advice to the Khalifahs on caring for them.
12. The punishment of theft.
13. A just and humble king is the shadow of Allah (swt) on earth.
14. The one who wishes to be safe from the hardships of jahannam - hellfire and remain under the Shadow of Allah (swt), should not be harsh towards the Muslims, but treat them with love and care.
15. The nations that discards Jihaad, general calamities and hardships befall them. (Tarikhul Khulafaa)
 

Besides these, there are many other narrations regarding the demise of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and the administration thereafter.


(373) Hadith Number 6.


Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu and Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha report: "After the passing of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu came and kissed the blessed forehead of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam". 
  


Commentary

This hadith is mentioned in brief. A more detailed one will be mentioned later. This kissing of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam as mentioned by the commentators are for barakah - blessings. According to this humble servant it was a farewell kiss, as it was the final parting of a beloved friend. 


(374) Hadith Number 7.


Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha says that: "After the passing of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu entered, kissed him on his blessed lower forehead (between the eyes), and put his hands on the blessed shoulders of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and said: 'Waa nabiyyaah', Waa Safiyyaah, Waa Khalilaah”.  
  


Commentary

These words were not intended to draw attention, therefore there is no perplexity. A narration in Musnad Ahmad states that Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu came towards the blessed head of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, bent his head towards the noble face and kissed the forehead, and said: 'Waa nabiyyaah'. He lifted his head bent and kissed the forehead again and said: 'Waa khalilaah". 


(375) Hadith Number 8.


Hasrat Anas Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports: "The day Nabi Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam came to Madinah, everything in Madinah became illuminated. (When the anwaar - illumination increased, it could be felt. In the dark nights of Ramadaan many a time because of the intensity of the anwaaraat (illuminations), a natural illumination, was felt). The day when Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away, everything of Madinah became dark. We had not yet dusted off the dust from our hands after the burial of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam when we began to feel the change in our hearts." 
  



Commentary

This does not mean that a change took place in their deeds and beliefs, but they missed the bounties of his noble company and seeing his inspiring personality, and the anwaar that were always present could not be benefited from anymore. Nowadays too the disciples of the mashaa-ikh (spiritual guide) also feel the difference when in the shaykh's company and when not in his company. For this reason, in order to gain those anwaar, one is made to strive in dhikr and muraaqabah (rneditation-contemplation). Previously all this was not necessary. The visiting of the jamaal – magnificence of the entire universe (i.e. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi.Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) was enough for countless manifestations. It created such a status of Imaan – faith and Ihsaan – Unity with Allah (swt) in a man which cannot be attained through countless mujaahadaat (striving and exerting in spiritual upliftment). After becoming a Sahaabi, the love of Allah and his Rasul Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam became so overwhelming that one's own life and wealth ceased to have value. The lives of the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum are testimony to this.


(376) Hadith Number 9.


Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha said: ''Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away on a Monday''. 
  


Commentary

This has been mentioned previously. The muhadditheen and historians are unanimous in that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away on Monday.


(377) Hadith Number 10.


It is narrated from Imaam Muhammad Al-Baaqir Radiyallahu 'Anhu that Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away on Monday. This day and the day of Tuesday was spent in preparation for the burial. Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was buried on that night. (The night between Tuesday and Wednesday) Sufyaan who is a narrator of this hadith says: ''Only this has been mentioned in the narration of Imaam Baaqir Radiyallahu 'Anhu''. In other narrations it is stated that in the later portion of the night the sound of spades were heard.
  


Commentary

The grave was dug in the last portion of the night. A question may arise why did it take so long before Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was buried, whereas in the ahaadith it is stated that after death one should be buried as soon as possible. The fact is that the amount of obstacles that had to be overcome, taking this into consideration it could not be said that the burial was delayed, but was carried out as soon as possible. The first thing is, at the time of such a shocking incident, besides Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu, all the others were either shocked, confused, or did not gasp the actual situation. Some were confounded and astonished. Some were so aghast and amazed that they could not even speak. Due to the intense shock it could not be believed that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had actually passed away. A strong and powerful personality like Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu could not control himself. Thereafter when the time came for the continuation of the administration, one thing was more important than any other. The most important issue at this moment was that of the Khilaafah – leadership of the Ummah, because it was needed to deal with all matters and even the smallest details as differences were already beginning to take place. Since it was concerning the Nabi Salla lahu ‘Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, it was necessary to know every detail. As has been mentioned earlier, some were adamant that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam be taken to Makkah Mukarramah for burial. Some said to the burial place of Sayyidina Ebrahim 'Alayhis Salaam. etc. In the same manner there were differences regarding the tajheez (preparation for burial), takfeen (shrouding the deceased), Salaat’ul Janaazah (prayer for, the deceased) etc. The tajheez and takfeen of the common people were observed many a time, but the burial of a Nabi-Prophet Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was not witnessed before this. How should he be given the ghusl (Final Bath)? How should the Salaat’ul Janaazah (Funeral Prayer) be performed? The ahaadith had to be referred to whenever a question arose. As a result Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was given the ghusl without his clothing being removed, and Janaazah Salaah was performed individually without a Jamaa'ah – congregation as will be mentioned later. It is apparent that the time needed for every Muslim present there to perform the Salaat’ul Janaazah was considerable. Besides this, the question of allegiance (bay'ah) among the Ansaar – local residents cropped up, which made matters even more difficult. If an unsuitable person was chosen as an ameer - leader, the matters of religion - deen would become chaotic. To remove such a person later would have become a calamity on it's own. Therefore the protection of the deen now depended on the electing of an ameer. This question was settled till the evening. The next, day after the general bay'ah (oath of allegiance) was made, Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'Anhu commanded what should be carried out. Thereafter every stage was overcome without any difficulty.


(378) Hadith Number 11.


Hasrat Abi Salamah bin 'Abdurrahmaan bin 'Awf Radiyallahu 'Anhu said: "Rasulullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away on a Monday, and was buried on a Tuesday". 
  


Commentary

Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was buried during the night of Tuesday and Wednesday, which could be called Tuesday or Wednesday too. Hence this narration does not contradict the previous narration. Some of the 'ulama have said that after overcoming the question of the Khilaafah, the tajheez and takfeen began on Tuesday and ended on the night of Wednesday (Tuesday night).


(379) Hadith Number 12


Hasrat Saalim bin 'Ubayd Radiyallahu 'Anhu, a Sahaabi narrates: "Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam became unconscious (many times) during his (last) illness. When he became conscious he would ask: 'Is it already time for salaah?' When they replied ‘yes’, he would say: 'Instruct Bilaal to call out the adhaan, and instruct Abu Bakr to lead the salaah'. This happened a few times. (He said this because he was too ill to go to the masjid. Sayyidinia Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'Anhu was naturally soft-natured. Many a time he would weep easily. Sayyiditina 'Aayesha Radiyallahu 'Anha knew her fathers relationship with Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and that he would not be able to withstand the absence of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. Therefore Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha made a request. 'My father has a soft heart. If he is going to stand on your place and lead the salaah, he will begin to weep, and will not be able to lead the salaah. Therefore, request someone else to lead the salaah'. In this manner after Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha had made several requests;- Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam replied: 'Do you wish to become of those women in the incident of Yusuf ('Alayhis Salaam). Instruct Abu Bakr to lead the salaah'.
(The 'ulama have given their opinions on the saying of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam that. 'You are like the women of Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam'. The first is that by you, only Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha is meant, and by women only Zulaykha is meant. The plural is used as a mark of respect. According to this saying; (a.) The example is given of stressing on talking of things that are of no value, like Zulaykha stressed Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam to do something which was unadvisable and improper. In the same manner you are stressing on a thing which is out of place and incorrect. (b.) Just as Zulaykha invited those women who tormented her, outwardly it was an invitation, but the actual reason was that they see the handsomeness and beauty of Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam and will excuse this wickedness of hers. In the same manner Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha outwardly said this that Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'Anhu is soft-natured. He will not be able to stand on your place (in salaah), but she had this in mind, as mentioned by her on another occasion that, ‘What made me repeat this to Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, was that according to me the people would never like such a person, who stands on the place of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, and will think of him as unlucky and unfortunate".
The second explanation is that by 'you', Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha and Sayyiditina Hafsah Radiyallahu 'Anha are meant, and by the women of Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam, those women are meant who were invited by Zulaykha. According to this saying too, the following is said: (a.) The example is given on useless talk that both Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha and Sayyiditina Hafsah Radiyallahu 'Anha were stressing something that was improper. In some narrations it is also mentioned that Sayyiditina Hafsah Radiyallahu 'Anha stressed on the same thing. (b.) This similarity is to show and stress on a thing that is not in the heart. Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha had in mind, that if the people see Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'Anhu standing on the place of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, they will begin to have evil thoughts of Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu ‘Anhu being very unfortunate and unlucky. She also persuaded Sayyiditina Hafsah Radiyallahu 'Anha, the daughter of Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu to think alike and side with her, and that Sayyiditina Hafsah Radiyallahu 'Anha may feel the greatness for her father Sayyidina Umar Radiyallahu ‘Anhu, and may also fancy that he would fulfil the position of a successor. Therefore Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam described to her the similitude of the women of Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam. They outwardly declared their approval of Zulaykha's behaviour with Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam, but secretly each one tried to attract Yusuf 'Alayhis Salaam towards themselves. Some of the 'ulama have given other reasons too. Since this is a lengthy hadith, the commentary is being mentioned briefly here. The translation of the remaining portion of this hadith will be mentioned later, where necessary. an explanation is also given. In some narrations it has also been mentioned that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said that Allah Ta'aala and the Muslims would not accept anyone else besides Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu.
Carrying out the instructions of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'Anhu led the salaah. (He performed seventeen salaahs till the passing of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. This incident which is mentioned above began on a Thursday evening. On Thursday, the illness of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam became worse. All this took place at the time of 'Ishaa salaat on Friday night (Thursday night in common usage). From this salaah onwards Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu began leading the prayers. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away on a Monday just before midday. Therefore the total number of salaah led by Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu till the passing of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is seventeen prayers, which Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu performed continuously. According to this humble servant, the illness of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had begun long before this, hence Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu had led the salaah on a number of occasions.)
Once during the illness, Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam felt a bit well during the time of salaah. He asked if there was anyone who could support him till the masjid, Barirah and another person offered themselves, held him by his blessed hands and took him to the masjid. Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu sensing the arrival of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, thought of moving back. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam signalled him to remain there. Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu completed the salaah. After that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away. (He passed away on a Monday).
It is apparent what difficulties and hardships the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum experienced at this time, also bearing in mind the mischief of the hypocrites- munaafiqeen and other enemies. The upkeep and safeguarding of the garden that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam nurtured for twenty three years. Together with all this the passing away of the blessed and noble personality of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, who was so beloved, for whom the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum had sacrificed their homes, family and relatives. On this morning it seemed that he was recovering, actually he was sustaining it and not recovering. After the passing of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam the news spread quickly, but many people could not believe it. Therefore, Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu anhu (a respected and strong hearted person with all the virtues, courage, tolerance etc. could not bear it, and in this state unsheathed his sword and stood up and) began saying, "I swear by Allah that Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam has not passed away. The person saying Rasulullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had passed away. I will severe that person's head with my sword". He (Saalim) said, the people were ummis (unlettered-they did not read or write), nor was there a Nabi – Prophet, among them before this, therefore all those present kept silent. They (the Sahaabah Radiyallahu’ Anhum) said to Saalim, go to the companion of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and call him.
(He is the only one that will bring the boat to shore at this stormy period. Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu after seeing that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was feeling better had taken leave from Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam to go and visit his family which was about the distance of a mile away).
I went to Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu 'Anhu) in the state of shock and tears were flowing from my eyes. At that time he was in the masjid. Upon seeing my state, he asked: 'Did Rasulullah (Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) pass away? I conveyed the news to him and also said to him that 'Umar had said, if he heard anyone saying Rasulullah (Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) has passed away, he would cut off that person's head with that sword of his. Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu ‘Anhu) said, "Let's go". I went with him. He reached the house while the people were gathering around Rasulullah (Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam). He said: 'O people, make way for me'. The people made way for him. He gave a deep look at the blessed face of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and kissed his blessed forehead, then recited this aayah:
'Lo! thou will die, and lo! they will die;'-Surah Zumur, 30. 

Then they (Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum) asked: 'O Companion (Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'Anhu) of Rasulullah (Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) has Rasulullah (Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) really passed away?' He replied: 'Yes'. Now they accepted. (After that they asked him other questions, because in every question there was a peculiarity.) They said: 'O Companion of Rasulullah (Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam), should Janaazah salaah be performed for Rasulullah (Salla lahu ‘Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam)?' He replied: 'Yes'. They said: 'And how?' He said: 'A group at a time enter the room and perform the Janaazah salaah individually without jamaa'ah, and return. In this manner all will perform this salaah'. They (the Sahaabah) asked. 'O Companion of Rasulullah (Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) shall Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam be buried?' He replied: 'Yes'. They inquired: 'Where?' He replied: 'At the spot where Allah had taken his Ruh- soul. Verily ‘Allah Ta'aala has not taken his sacred Ruh but at a venerated place'. They (Sahaabah Radiyallahu Anhum) knew he said the truth (and became satisfied with all the answers). Thereafter he instructed the family of his (Rasulullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam's) father to carry out the tajheez and takfeen.
(Sayyidina 'Ali, Sayyidina Fadl bin 'Abbaas, Sayyidina Usaamah and Sayyidina Shaqraan,-the slave of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam-Radiyallahu 'Anhum carried out the tajheez and takfeen.)

(And to safeguard Islaam and keep away differences and controversies, he suggested a person should be chosen, and all matters referred to him. In one narration it is stated that when Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu unsheathed his sword and was saying, "The one who says that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam has passed away, I will cut off his head". Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu cautioned him and delivered a Khutbah, wherein he recited the aayah of the Qur-aan:
 "Muhammad is but a messenger, messengers (the like of whom) have passed away before him. . .."-Surah Aali 'Imraan, 144.
Thereafter he said the one who worshipped Sayyidina Muhammad Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam should know that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had passed away, the one who worships Allah (swt), let him know that Allah (swt) is Living and will Live for Ever. When the people heard Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu delivering the khutbah, they all attentively turned their attention towards the mimbar - pulpit. In a narration it is stated, that Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallah 'Anhu said in this khutbah, it is now necessary to choose a person who shall keep up and guard the deen. Every person should give his view.)
The Muhaajireen (the people who migrated to Medina Munnawwarah) got together and discussed the matter. They said: 'Lets go to our brothers from among the Ansaar (the natives of Medina Munnawwarah) and include them in this matter. The Ansaar said: 'we shall have an ameer, and the Muhaajireen, shall have an ameer (Upon that Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu narrated the saying of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam that the ameers are from the Quraysh) Sayyidina 'Umar ibn’ul Khattaab Radiyallahu 'Anhu said: 'Who is that person who in one instance possesses these three virtues. Whom Allah Ta'aala has mentioned Qur-aan thus:''... (1) the second of two; when they two were in the cave, (2) when he said unto his comrade: Grieve not. (3) Lo! Allah is with us...''-Surah Taubah’40.
Also other virtues. These three should also be such that they are of the highest order: (l.) To have unity and a close relationship with Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and have assisted him when he was alone. (2.) Allah Ta'aala addresses him as the Companion of Sayyidina Rasululah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam'. (3) Be in the company of Allah, as Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam has said to him that 'Allah is with us'. At that time both Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu were there, regarding which Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'Allah is with us.' Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu said: 'You say, who are these two persons that are mentioned in the aayah. How great are these two personalities?'. - i.e. Who can be a greater personality than Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu? Besides this they discussed other matters too, which have been mentioned in the narrations. In one hadith it is stated Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu said: 'O Ansaar, do you know that Rasulullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam instructed Abu Bakr Radiyallahu ‘Anhu to stand on his musallaa (place of prayer)? During the time of his illness he instructed Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu ‘Anhu) to lead the prayers? Who amongst you has the heart to remove such a person from the Imaamah (leadership), whom Rasululllah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam appointed as an Imaam (leader)'. The Ansaar said: 'We seek refuge in Allah. We cannot by pass Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu ‘Anhu)
Thereafter Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu offered him his hand and gave bay'ah (allegiance). All the people (present at Saqifah whole heartedly and with eagerness) also gave bay'ah on the hands of Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu. 
    


Commentary

This is the initial bay'ah that took place among the gathering of the Ansaar. Thereafter a general bay'ah was held in the Masjidun Nabawi, at the beginning of which Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu delivered a khutbah in which he mentioned the virtues of Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu and elaborated on other matters. Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu then delivered a lengthy khutbah - speech in which he said that, 'I swear an oath by Allah that I never coveted the post of khilaafah. Nor was I induced to do so in private or public, nor did I make du'aa for it. I feared that if I did not accept it, greater calamities would appear among the ummah – nation of believers. I have no rest in it, and what has been thrown on me, is a burden which is beyond my control. Things can only run smoothly with the help of Allah'.


(380) Hadith Number 13


Hasrat Anas Radiyallahu 'Ahu reports that when Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was experiencing severe illness, Sayyidina Faatimah Radiyallahu 'Anha said: "Haai, the sickness of my father". Nabi Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam thereupon said: "After this day your father will not experience any difficulties. Verily that inevitable thing has descended on your father today- i.e. death- which till the day of qiyaamah, will not be averted by anyone". 
  


Commentary

The word 'Haai' is used to express distress and sorrow. Here Sayyidina Faatima Az-Zahra Radiyallahu Anha, meant to express sorrow. 


(381) Hadith Number 14.


Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu said: "Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'The person that loses two infants, then Allah in return will surely grant that person entrance into Jannah!'. Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha asked: 'The one who has lost only one infant from among your ummah?' Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam replied: 'The one that loses only one infant shall also be forgiven'. Sayyidina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha then inquired: 'What of those who have not lost any children from among your ummah?' Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam replied: 'I shall be an asset for him in the hereafter, because the loss due to my passing shall be felt more than one's family and children"'. 
 


Commentary

Verily the loss of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is such, that it is more sorrowful than the loss of one's parents, relatives, friends, wife and children. In fact the loss of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is more than the loss of anyone else, which cannot be compared with anything else. It is stated in a hadith that when a person experiences difficulties, let him gain solace by thinking of it as a minor thing compared to my loss. He should think that patience was observed at the loss of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, so this difficulty has no comparison with it. In other words if the Ummah was able to bear the loss of our Master; Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, then there is no pain or hardship we cannot withstand.

Studying Ash-Shaam-il  

The Passing of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)   

The solace of seeing Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was taken away. Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam passed away on Monday before Zuhr time. This time is stated as being at Duha. The last look of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was seeing his Ummah praying. The blessed face of Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was shining like a musuf – Book of the Qur’an. The last look of the Sahaabah Radiyallahu Anhum, was Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam smiling at them. This is the adab when one should part company, always smile as this may be the last memory for them of you.  


The illness of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam 

Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, could not leave the house for three days before passing away due to illness. Before this Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, had visited his blessed wives. Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam passed away with his blessed head in the lap of Sayyidina Ayesha radiyallahu anha. Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had difficulties before passing away, this shows the rank of a person before Allah swt is not judged on easiness of life or death. This difficulty was a lesson for the Ummah as any difficulty is an expiation of sins. Ofcourse Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam is sinless.  


The burial of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam 

Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was buried at exactly the same place as his passing. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam said the Prophets (As) are taken where they will be buried. This is why Sayyidina Yusuf (As) moved from Egypt to Palestine by Sayyidina Musa (As). Sayyidina Isa (As) – Jesus, will be buried next to Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam had to go like all human beings but is alive in his blessed grave. After the passing of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, the speech of Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu Anhu revived the Ummah.  


Death of Children  

Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam said, ‘Anyone who loses two children, they will enter Jannah’. The children will prepare for their reception.Sayyidina Ayesha Radiyallahu Anha questioned about losing one child. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam stated ‘One child also’. Inspiration was given to Sayyidina Ayesha Radiyallahu Anha, to ask this question.