What are the facts of a dream? Is it something real or is
it just some type of thoughts? There are lengthy deliberations to this, which are not relevant here.
The unaani hakims claim that whatever type of mixture
is overwhelmed in the nature of a person, one has thoughts according to it. For example, if one has a balghami (phlegm)
nature, then one will see water and things related to it, like the sea, oceans, swimming in the water etc. Those whose nature
is overwhelmed with safraa (yellow bile), they see in their dreams fire and its related subjects, or they see themselves
flying in the sky. There is the same manner, in the case of people with different blood groups and saudaa (black
bile). According to the philosophers the things that take place in the world, an image of it is engraved in the outer world,
therefore if one of these appear before the nafs (soul), an image of it appears in a dream. Besides these there are
many other theories too.
According to the Ahl-us-Sunnah wal Jamaah, these are imaginations. Allah Ta'aala
creates them in the mind of man, which are conveyed at times through an angel and at times through the devil. The 'ulama
have written that dreams are of three types. The first, which is conveyed through an angel who is specially appointed for
this. This is a fact. The second is a devilish influence and effect, in which the devil shows a few examples and pictures.
The third is the nafsaani (psychic) fears of a person. Whatever one thinks of while awake, the same is portrayed
in dreams. The saying of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam also supports this.
A saying of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is mentioned by Abu Daawud (Rh) that dreams
are of three types: (a.) A pious and blessed dream, this is a glad tiding from Allah (swt). (b.) A frightening dream, which
results from the frightening of the devil. (c.) A dream that results from one's thoughts and doubts. The 'ulama of
interpretation on dreams have stated that the angel that is appointed to convey dreams is known as Siddiqun, who explains
to the people through examples in their dreams. This is regarding general dreams. If one sees Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in one's dream,
this portrayal of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is free front the effects of the devil.
Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam has himself mentioned this in many ahaadith, which shall
be mentioned later. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam has said: 'The ones who have
seen me in their dreams, have really seen me, because the devil does not have the power to appear in my form'. If one
sees Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in a dream, but sees features contrary to those
mentioned at the beginning of this book or against the dignity of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale
Hi Wasallam, or if one sees in a dream that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is ill or
sad etc. or that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is instructing one to do something which
is against the shari'ah, or which does not befit the dignity of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale
Hi Wasallam, this will be due to the short sightedness, weakness and mistake of the one who sees the dream. The commentators
and mashaa-ikh compare this with a mirror that if a thing is seen in a red mirror, the thing seen will also look red; in a
green mirror things will look green etc. In different types of mirrors things look different. Hence, if one sees Sayyidina
Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in a dream, one has really seen him, but the features and descriptions
seen are according to the thinking and understanding of the person. The way a person looks at things, is the same manner that
the person shall see Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in a dream. For example, the Sufis
– Spiritual masters have written that if a person sees Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam
instructing in a dream that one should strive to gain material possessions, then in this case the darkness in which a person
is engrossed, is reflected in this dream that one is unintentionally indulging in an undesirable act.
The author has mentioned seven ahaadith in this chapter.
(389) Hadith Number
Hasrat 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports that Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi
Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: "The one that has seen me in one's dream, has really seen me, as the devil cannot
(390) Hadith Number 2.
Hasrat Abu Hurayrah Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports that Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi
Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: "The one who sees me in one's dream, has actually seen me, because the devil cannot
imitate my person".
The manner in which Allah Ta'aala has protected Sayyidina Rasulullah
Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam from the devil during his life time, in the same manner, after his passing
the devil has not been given the power to impersonate Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam.
This is a decided fact. Now the question may arise that is the original form of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi
Wa’ale Hi Wasallam seen? Meaning does the one who sees him obtain such strength that one will see him in his actual
form, or does one see only his image? For example, if a person is sitting a little away from a mirror, another person who
is also at a distance can see the image of the person in the mirror, but due to some obstruction cannot see the actual person.
The Sufis opine that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is seen both ways. Some people actually
see Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and some see his image, like the one described of
the mirror. For this reason at times Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is seen in the form
of others, as if that person is a mirror of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam.
(391) Hadith Number
It is narrated from Hasrat Abi Maalik AI-Ashja'ee (Sa'eed bin Taariq bin Ash-yam) Radiyallahu
'Anhu that Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: "The one who sees me in ones dream, has
A question may arise that different people in different towns, and different countries
see Sayyidina Rasullullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam at the same moment in their dreams. How can Sayyidina
Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam be present at different places at one moment. This view carries
no weight because it is not necessary that if many people see him at one time or moment, he is present everywhere, but it
is possible that different people can see him at one place. It is like the sun which is in one place and many people see it
from many towns which are a distance from one another. Also whatever colour of spectacles are worn, red, green, etc. to see
the sun, the sun will appear in that colour, despite the sun having its original colour and form.
(392) Hadith Number 4.
Kulayb bin Shihaab Al-Kufi says that Hasrat Abu Hurayrah Radiyallahu 'Anhu narrated to me the blessed saying of Rasulullah
Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam that whomsoever sees me in a dream, has really seen me, because the shaytaan
cannot impersonate me. Kulayb says, I mentioned this hadith to Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu and also told
him that I was blessed with the vision of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in my dream. At that
moment I thought of Imaam Hasan bin 'Ali Radiyallahu 'Anhu. I said to Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu
that I found the vision in my dream very similar to that of Imaam Hasan Radiyallahu 'Anhu. Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu
'Anhu verified my statement that truly Sayyidina Hasan Radiyallahu 'Anhu was very similar to Sayyidina Rasulullah
Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in appearance.
In some narrations it has been related that the chest and the portion above it, of the blessed
body of Sayyidina Hasan Radiyallahu'Anhu was similar to that of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale
Hi Wasallam, and the lower portion of the blessed body of Sayyidina Husayn Radiyallahu 'Anhu was similar in appearance
to that of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam.
(393) Hadith Number 5.
Hasrat Yazeed Al Faarisi bin Hurmuz, who was a calligrapher of the Qur-aan,
once saw Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in his dream during the time of Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas
Radiyallahu 'Anhu. He related his dream to Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu ‘Anhu. Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu
‘Anhu said: "Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam used to say that the shaytaan cannot imitate
him. That person who has seen him in a dream has really seen him”. After mentioning this he asked: 'Can you describe
this person whom you have seen in your dream? I replied: 'Yes, I can, I will describe to you a man whose body and height
were of a medium stature. He had a wheat-coloured complexion with a bit of whiteness in it. Eyes like those that had kuhl
on them. A smiling face. Beautiful and round face. A compact beard which surrounded his blessed face, and spread on the fore
portion of the chest". 'Awf ibn Abl Jamilah, a narrator of this hadith says: "I do not remember what other feature
besides these, my ustaadh Yazeed, who is a narrator of this hadith, described". Hasrat Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu
said, "If you had seen him while being awake, you would not have been able to describe him any further".
has been mentioned at the beginning of the book, here too the noble features of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi
Wa’ale Hi Wasallam have been described in the same manner.
(394) Hadith Number 6.
Hasrat Abu Qataadah Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports that Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi
Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: "Whomsoever sees me, that is, in a dream, has seen that which is a fact".
Meaning one has really seen me. It cannot be so that the devil
shows something else and says that it is Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. Some of the
'ulama have written that it means, it is a true dream and not a collection of thoughts.
(395) Hadith Number 7.
Hasrat Anas Radiyallahu
'Anhu reports that Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: "The one who sees me in a dream
has really seen me, because the shaytaan cannot impersonate me". He also said: "A dream of a Muslim (conveyed through
an angel) is a portion from the forty six portions of nubuwwah".
The 'ulama have adopted different headings to its meaning.
Haafizul Hadith Ibn Hajar (Rh) has written a very lengthy treatise in his commentary on Sahih Bukhaari, wherein he
has mentioned the sayings of many 'ulama. The author of Tabreez has also written in detail on this subject.
Mulla 'Ali Qaari and others have written that this is the best, because it is said to be part of the 'ilmi nubuwwah
(Knowledge of Prophethood), and the 'ulum of nubuwwah (Understanding of Prophethood) is particular only to the
Ambiyaa – Prophets of Allah (swt) (Alayhi’Salaam), therefore, it should be regarded as something exclusive
only to them. In brief, it is sufficient to know that a good and blessed dream is a great glad tiding and a portion from the
portions of Nubuwwah - Prophethood. This is enough for his nobility, greatness and blessedness. Only a Nabi
– Prophet of Allah (swt) can know correctly if it is a forty sixth part of Nubuwwah, and he is the only one
who can correctly understand how and what this forty sixth portion is.
The discussion of seeing Sayyidina Rasulullah
Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in a dream ends here. Imaam Tirmidhi (Rh) ends his book by including two Athars, which in reality are advices and also an important
warning. The first is that one should not guess and give a ruling. The basis of the deen – religion should
be in following Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, and therefore in every verdict, Sayyidina
Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam should be obeyed and followed. The second is that the verdict of
any ordinary person should not be accepted, the irreligious are not worthy of being followed. In reality both advices are
(396) Athar Number 1.
Hasrat 'Abdullah bin Mubaarak (was a great muhaddith, who is also counted among the jurists
and sufis; a great shaykh, 'aabid and a pious and cautious person. He is also among those who memorised the hadith (Hafiz
of Hadith). Many of his virtues and capabilities have been mentioned in the book of history. He said: ''If every one
becomes a judge or arbitrator, then always follow that which has been narrated''.
here is that one should not follow one's own view and completely rely on one's own way of thinking, but should follow
the sayings of the pious predecessors and the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum. This is the general advice of Hasrat 'Abdullah
bin Mubaarak. In respect of all verdicts, whether it refers to the verdicts of justice or otherwise, as has been mentioned.
Imaam Tirmidhi (Rh) has mentioned this as a general advice, this is the view of all the commentators of the Shamaa-il.
According to this humble servant, this may have a special relation to this chapter, which is that the interpretation of a
dream is also a verdict, therefore in this too one should not confuse others by giving one's own judgments. We should
refer to the interpretation of the learned ones of the past. Many interpretations of dreams have been related from Sayyidina
Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum and the Taabi'een (those
amongst the believers who met the companions (RA) in their lifetime). The 'ulama of the sciences of interpreting dreams
have written that it is necessary for one who interprets dreams to be understanding, pious, cautious and have knowledge of
the Qur-aan and Sunnah of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. One should also possess knowledge
of the 'Arabic language and its related sciences. Many other conditions and aadaab – Etiquettes have been
stipulated in books on interpretations of dreams.
(397) Athar Number 2.
Hasrat Ibn Seereen says: "The knowledge of hadith (in
the same manner all other religious subjects) are included in the deen. Therefore before acquiring knowledge, be aware from
whom knowledge is acquired".
Hasrat Ibn Seereen (Rh) was also an Imaam of his time and is a
famous Taabi-ee. He acquired 'ilm – knowledge from many of the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum, and is
regarded as the Imaam in the art of interpreting dreams. His interpretations of dreams are a hujjah (testimony).
The object of his advice is that prior to acquiring knowledge from a person, one should first thoroughly investigate the state
of the person's piety, honesty religion and maslak (rule of conduct). One should not follow the sayings of every
person because the following of the sayings of an irreligious person has its effects. This has also been commanded by Sayyidina
Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam in a few narrations. This is a general advice as mentioned in athar
number one. This athar may also be relevant to the subject of interpreting dreams, as this subject is also important. When
a good dream is a portion from the portions of Nubuwwah, its importance can be understood. Therefore one should always
be careful from whom one is seeking an interpretation of a dream. Is that person capable of interpreting a dream or not? It
is for this reason that Imaam Tirmidhi (Rh) has mentioned this athar here. This advice of Ibn Seereen is not particular
or confined to the subject of dreams, but includes all other sciences. The more important the signs are, the more it becomes
necessary to seek a competent and knowledgeable person. In our times which is close to the time of qiyaamah – end
of the world, a very dangerous and detrimental element has appeared. That every person, however unlearned or irreligious,
after delivering a short inspiring lecture, or writing an article on an aspect of the deen, begins to be considered
an 'allaamah or an 'aalim - Scholar, and similarly by adopting coloured clothing begins to be regarded
as a Sufi – spiritual master, hence people ignorantly begin to follow such a person. In the beginning the general
public due to some misunderstanding begin following such a person, and because of their ignorance they are caught in their
web. This is because of a general mistake, which has entered the hearts of the public that 'See what is said and not
who has said it'. Although this saying is true, it is for those who understand and can differentiate from what is
being said, is it a fact or is it false? Those who cannot differentiate should not follow the sayings of every person they
come across, as this will result in a bad and detrimental ending. It is for this reason that in these times, if one claims
to be a saint, imaam, or prophet, and Allah forbid, also that of being a God, one group always immediately begins to follow
that person. May Allah (swt) protect us all, as He is the One that grants assistance.
Alhamdulillah, the translation of this book was
completed on Friday night the 8th jamadi-uth Thaani 1344 hijri.
Zakariyya Kandhelwi. Madrasah Mazaahirul 'Ulum, Saharanpur
Since this humble servant professes inability, this translation was given to the respected
Maulana 'Abdurrahmaan Saahib, the head ustaadh at the Madrasah Mazaahirul 'Ulum, Saharanpur for re- checking. Despite
his responsibilities and lack of time he was still able to completely re-check it, and at many places make corrections too.
May Allah (swt) reward him abundantly on my behalf. At the end he included this sentence. Alhamdulillah, this humble servant
completed its reading on Thursday, the 27th Rajab 1344.
Since this translation was written in 1344, and this book was reprinted many times thereafter,
at every reprint inaccuracies increased. Now for a long time it has been out of print. A few of my sincere friends, finding
many printing errors, urged me to recheck the book, and truly many glaring errors were found, and while re-checking one adds
and subtracts, therefore at some places additions and subtractions were made. It was my aim to keep it concise, but as much
as one would like to keep it brief, at many places it resulted in the discussion becoming lengthy.
today on the 24th Dhul Hijjah 1360 A.H., on Sunday night, the re-checking was completed. May Allah (swt)
grant this worthless servant a portion of the noble character of His beloved Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale
Hi Wasallam through the blessing of the Ahaadith.
Our last supplications is Praise be to Allah,
the Lord of the Worlds. Peace and blessings on the best of His creations Sayyidina Muhammad (Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale
Hi Wasallam) and on his blessed family and noble companions.
Ta'aala granted me the taufeeq to complete the translation of this valuable kitaab on the 27th Ramadaan 1395 (3rd October
l975) after Jumu'ah at the Nugget Street Masjid. The 'ulama and learned are humbly requested to point out any corrections
to be made and give their valuable suggestions to improve this book. "If I am correct it is from Allah. If I have erred
it is from me and shaytaan the accursed." May Allah Most High accept this humble effort and also grant me a portion of
the noble character of His Habib Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and keep me steadfast
on the deen during this period of 'Inhitaat 'anid deen', and may the Muslims benefit from this humble effort.
Wa Sallallahu 'alaa Sayyidina Muhammadiw, wa 'alaa aalihi was sahabhi ajma'een. Wal hamdulillaahi Rabbil
'Aalamin. Muhammad bin 'Abdurrahmaan
bin Ebrahim Ghufira Lahum.
May Allah accept us all and grant us His pleasure and that of His Blessed Nabi:
Sayyidina Muhammad Ameen.