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Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains;  

Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam used different types of khuffs (leather socks).The etiquette of wearing a khuff is that the right one should be put on first. Before wearing the khuff the inside should be cleansed (dusted) out. The reason being that in the 'Mu'jizaat' (miracles), Tabaraani has written a narration on the khuff in which Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam once while in the jungle, had on one of his khuffs and as he began to put on the second one, a crow came and took away that khuff, flew in the sky and dropped it. A snake had entered that khuff. When the khuff fell, the snake got injured and came out Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam thanked Allah and made it etiquette of the khuff that the inside be cleaned out before putting them on. Imaam Tirmidhi quotes two hadith in this chapter.  

(69) Hadith Number 1

Buraydah (Radiallahu anhu.) says, "Najaashi sent two simple black coloured Khuffs as a gift to Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam. He wore these and made mas-h over them after performing wudu".  


Najaashi was the title of the kings of Abyssinia, like Sharif was the title of the rulers of Makkah. The name of this Najaashi was As-hamah, who later became a Muslim. The'ulama have deduced from this hadith that it is permissible to accept a gift of a non- believer. Najaashi had not yet accepted Islam at the time of sending the gift. The 'ulama have therefore summed up these in different ways.

(70) Hadith Number 2

Sayyidina Mughirah bin Shu'bah Radiyallahu anhu relates:"Dihyah Kalbi sent to Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam as a gift, two khuffs. In another narration it is stated that with the khuffs, a jubbah (a long coat) was also sent. Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam did not inquire if the skin was from slaughtered animals or not".  


The last sentence of this hadith strengthens the madh-hab of the Hanafis that it is permissible to use a tanned skin of an animal whether it is slaughtered according to shari'ah or not. Some of the 'ulama differ on this question. It has been discussed in the books of fiqh (jurisprudence).

Studying Ash-Shaam-il 

Rulings in Islam 

Sayyid Sheikh Muhammad al Yaqoubi explains that hadith are a source of legislation and the Ulama derive rulings from each and every authentic hadith recorded. The two most respected Sheikhs – scholars in Islam are Hasrat Abu Bakr Saddique (Ra) and Hasrat Umar Farooq (Ra), as well as the two sons in law of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) ; Sayyidina Ali (Ra) and Hasrat Usman (Ra). Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) loved them very much. The House of the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) and the great companions (Ra) are the best of generations and the earliest and most correct scholars of Islam. 

The above hadith also clarifies that wiping over the khuffain – leather socks is the established Sunnah. In Islamic law, text overrules reason. This is how scholars approach hadith when they are deriving rulings as their understanding is limited and therefore must strive to understand the authentic narrations and not apply what they think should be the interpretation. The Ulama - scholars also use wisdom and their intellect when trying to uncover the vast wisdom of the Sunnah. The learned scholars to this day study the unlimited texts of Ahadith and are uncovering the wisdom of Shariah – Islamic law. This is the area of Ijtihad, which means application of authentic legislation in modern day affairs. 

Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) explained the reasons behind legal rulings and therefore we must be cautious about anyone who tries to give priority to reason over text. This is against the Qur’an and Sunnah.

The chain of transmission is called the Isnad. This is how each narration that reaches us is traced back through the narrators to the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam). This Isnad establishes how authentic a narration is and we have to accept the hadith if the Isnad has been established. We believe in everything Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) has brought. The guidance for the righteous is believing in the unseen and establishing the prayer.  

Gifts in Islam  

The place of Abyssinia is not Ethiopia but is actually East/South of Sudan. The above narrations mention how gifts were given to the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam). The adab – etiquette when receiving a gift is to use it immediately because this pleases the one who has presented the gift. However the Ulama have advised when receiving food that it should first be offered to the one who has brought it. This is for reason of being a good host and also if there is a threat the food will be harmful then the one who has presented it, will clearly not wish to taste it. In the example of clothes, then wearing it immediately has been established as a sound practice.

The above narrations also confirm that the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’’ale hi Wasallam) did not establish upon wearing an item made of animal skin if the animal had been slaughtered properly. 

Surah Quraish  

Surah Quraish is a remedy for anyone who is in a state of fear or in danger. Before eating any doubtful food and drink, you should recite Surah Quraish three times and if ever in a state of fear, this same Surah - chapter should be recited and then your hand placed on the heart. Also if ever you have guests and you do not have sufficient food for them, the traditions confirm that Surah Quraish should be recited and blown three times onto the food. Allah (swt) will make the food sufficient for the guests. The satisfaction of being fed comes from Allah (swt) and not from the quantity of food being consumed.