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CHAPTER ON THE NOBLE FEATURES OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH (SALLA LAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM)

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains this chapter ;  

Imaam Tirmidhi has quoted in this chapter those ahaadith that have been narrated on the noble features of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). It is impossible to accurately describe actual beauty and elegance of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).  To draw a pen-picture of the appearance of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam is beyond one's capability, but the Saahabah - companions  (Raziallahu anhum RA) have endeavoured, according to their capabilities, to preserve what little they could, of which some is written here.  

Qurtubi says: "The full beauty and elegance of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) has not been made manifest, otherwise it would not have been possible for man to look at him".  

The Sahabah (Radiallahu anhum), have done the Ummah - Muslim nation an immense favour by conveying to them the perfect intrinsic knowledge, as well as the perfect conspicuous elegance and beauty of Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). When an unfulfilled lover is deprived of meeting the beloved then he stands in front of the beloved's house remembering the features of his beloved, in an attempt to gain some solace. It is from habits and features that the heart is appeased.  

Imam Tirmidhi in the first chapter quotes fourteen ahaadith.  


(1) Hadith Number 1 
 

Anas (Radiallahu Anhu) reports: "Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was neither tall nor was short (like a dwarf) but was of medium stature). In complexion, they were neither very white like lime, nor very dark, nor brown which results in darkness (they were illuminant, more luminous than even the full-moon on the 14th night).
The hair of Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was neither very straight nor very curly (but slightly wavy). When they attained the age of forty, Allah (swt) the Almighty granted Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) Nubuwwah (Prophethood). Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam lived for ten years in Makkah (commentary) and in Madina for ten years. At that time there were not more than twenty white hair on their mubarak (blessed) head and beard." (This will be described in detail in the chapter on white hair of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam). 


 Commentary 

Sayyidina Rasullullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) was of a medium stature, but slightly taller. This has been reported in a narration from Sayyidina Hind bin Abi Haalah (Radiallahu Anhu) and others. An objection may arise concerning these two hadeeth, that it is stated in one hadeeth that when Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) used to stand up in a group, they appeared to be the tallest among them. This was not due to height, but was a result of a Mu'jizah (Miracle). In the manner that no one had reached a higher status than Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in `Kamalaate Ma'nawiyyah', (super intellectual status) likewise in the `Surah Zaahiri' (outward appearance) no one could excel them.  It is stated in the hadeeth under discussion that Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) lived for ten years in Makka Mukarramah after Nubuwwah (Prophethood). For this reason it is stated that they attained the age of sixty years. This is contrary to what has been reported in the other ahaadith, where it is stated that Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) lived there for thirteen years and attained the age of sixty three years. In some ahaadith it is stated that Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) attained the age of sixty five years. At the end of this kitaab all three ahaadith will be quoted.

Imaam Bukhari (R.A.) says:
"Most narrations show that Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) lived for sixty three years."

The ulama (scholars) have summed up these ahaadith in two ways. First, that Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) received Nubuwwah (Prophethood) at the age of forty and Risaalah – Messengership,  three years thereafter. After that they lived for ten years in Makkah Mukaraamah. According to this, the three years between nubuwwah and risaalah have been in the hadeeth under discussion.
 The second explanation is that frequently in calculating, fractions or small numbers are not included. For this reason Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is mentioned as sixty-five, the years of birth and departure are included as separate years. In short, the content of all the ahadith are the same. According to most authentic ahadith, the age of Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was sixty three years, therefore all the other ahadith corroborate this.


(2) Hadith Number 2
 

Anas bin Malik (Radiallhu Anhu) reports, "Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi Wa’ale Hi wasallam) was of a medium stature, neither very tall nor very short. Sayyidina Rasululah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was very handsome, of medium built and their hair was neither very curly nor very straight (but was slightly wavy). Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam had a wheat-coloured complexion. When they walked, they leaned forward slightly".    


Commentary 

In this hadeeth Sayyidina Anas (Radiallhu Anhu) states that the complexion of Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was wheat coloured. In the previous hadith, also narrated by Sayyidina Anas (Radiallahu Anhu), he states that Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not have a wheat-coloured complexion. This has been mentioned in the translation of the hadeeth. Actually, what is derived from the two hadeeth is that Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was not of such a dark complexion that decrease the lightness and beauty of a person, but had a radiant and light colour, which slightly wheat-coloured.  In this hadeeth the word `Yata-kaf-fa-oo' is used regarding the walking of Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The scholars interpret this word in several ways. Some say it means to walk at a fast pace. Some are of the opinion that it means to lean abit forward while walking. Some say it means to lift the leg with force. All three explanations are correct because the walk of Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) fulfilled all three descriptions and the word also conveys these three meanings.
Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) walked quickly and not like the Romeos of this age who walk like women. It was also the noble habit of Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) to walk with slight forward inclination of the head and shoulders. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not walk with chest pushed out with pride, they lifted their blessed legs as men do while walking and did not drag their legs on the ground.


(3) Hadith Number 3 

Baraa bin Aazib (Radiallahu anhu) relates that: "Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was a man of a medium build, (slightly tall, as explained before); with broad shoulders (from which we may gather that they had a wide chest); had dense hair which reached their ear-lobes. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam wore a red striped izzar (a cloth worn around the legs) and shawl. “I never saw anybody or anything more handsome than Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)". 


Commentary 

In this hadeeth the word `Rajulun Marbu'un' is used, which if the letter `Jeem' has a dammah (pesh), means a man. This could be correct. This type of word is used in the Arabic language for connecting words, but because no special quality or attribute is derived, some Muhadditheen (scholars of hadeeth) are of the opinion that if the letter `Jeem' has a fatah (zabar) on it, it means something that is between straight and bent. It may also be possible that in this case it refers to the description of the hair of Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), and as described before, their mubarak (blessed) hair had a slight curl in it. From this hadeeth, some scholars are of the opinion that it is permissible for men to wear red coloured clothing. According to the Hanafis (Imam Abu Hanifa’s (Rh) school of Fiqh) there is a detailed explanation on this subject. Before selecting red clothing, the scholars should be consulted regarding its permissibility.  The scholars have written that in this hadeeth the Saahabi did not see `anything' more handsome and beautiful than Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). This is said because besides human beings, the moon, sun, etc. are also included.


(4) Hadith Number 4 

Baraa bin Aazib (Radiallahu Anhu) reports: "I never seen someone with long hair and red clothing more handsome than Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Their hair reached the shoulders. The portion between their two shoulders was wide. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was neither very tall nor very short".  


Commentary

The description of the hair of Sayyidina Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in this hadeeth is different one mentioned before. There it is stated that their hair reached the ear-lobes. In reality there is no difference between the two hadeeth, as the hair does not remain the same length but grows. Sometimes the hair was shortened, sometimes longer hair was kept.



(5) Hadith Number 5


It is reported from Sayyidina Ali (Radiallahu Anhu): "Rasullullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was neither very tall nor very short. The soles of both feet were very fleshed. (This quality is praiseworthy in a man as it denotes strength and courage but is not praiseworthy for a woman). Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had a large head. The joints of their bones were also large. There was a thin line of hair from the chest to the navel. When Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) walked, it appeared that they were descending from a high place". Ali (Radiallahu Anhu) says: "I did not see anyone like Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam neither before him, nor after him".  


Commentary

The use of a sentence like: "I have not seen anyone like Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam", is primarily for emphasis. By describing Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in this manner, there is however no exaggeration because the complete beauty of appearance of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) cannot be fully described. Munaawi wrote that every person is required to believe that with whatever physical qualities and attributes of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is described, no other person can compare with it. This is not merely a belief. Books on Seerah (History of the Prophet peace be upon him) and ahaadeeth are replete with descriptions of those beautiful qualities. Therein it is stated that Allah Ta'aala bestowed fully on Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam all the inner kamaalat (perfection) and Zaahiri (apparent) beauty.
Two verses (couplets) are narrated from Sayyiditina Aa'ishah (Radiallahu Anha), the meaning of which is: "that if the friends of Zulaikha could see the blessed face of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam), they would have cut their hearts instead of their hands".



(6) Hadith Number 6 

It is related from Ebrahim bin Muhammad (Radiallahu anhu) who is from the sons (grand sons of Ali radiallahu anhu, that whenever Ali radiallahu anhu described the noble features of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi Wa’ale Hi  wasallam), he used to say: "Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was neither very tall nor short, but of a medium stature among people. Their hair was neither very curly nor very straight, but had a slight wave in it. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam did not have a big body nor a round face, but their mubaarak - blessed face was slightly round (meaning did not have a fully round face nor a fully elongated face, but in between the two).  The complexion of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was white with redness in it. The mubaarak eyes of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were extremely black. Their eyelashes were long. The joints of the body (e.g. elbows and knees etc.) were large, likewise the portion between the two shoulders was broad and fully fleshed. There was no hair (more than normal) on their blessed body. (Some people have profuse hair on their body. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not have hair on the parts of their blessed body, besides places like the arms and legs etc.) Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had a thin line of hair running from their chest to the navel. The hands and feet of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi Wa’ale Hi wasallam) were fully fleshed.  When Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam walked, they lifted their blessed legs with vigour, as if they were descending to a low-lying place. When Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam addressed a person they turned their whole blessed body towards that person. (Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam did not only turn their most blessed face towards the person being addressed, as this is considered impolite, and sometimes, it even denotes pride). Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) faced the person being spoke to, with their chest and body. Some scholars have translated this as, when Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) addressed someone, they completely turned their most blessed face towards that person, and did not give a side glance. This is not a suitable translation. The seal of Prophethood was situated between their blessed shoulders. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is the last of all Prophets. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam is the most generous and the most truthful. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam is the most kind-hearted and came from a most noble family. (It means their character, family back-ground and everything else was of the best).  Any person who saw Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam suddenly would become awe-inspired. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had such a great personality and dignity, that the person who saw them for the first time, because of that awe-inspiring personality, would be overcome with a feeling of profound respect. Firstly, there is a rau`b (awe) for physical beauty, with this when other kamala - perfection are added what more could then be said of the rau'b (awe). Subhan-Allah – Glory belongs to Allah.Besides, the special attributes and qualities granted to Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) rau'b (awe) is also one of the special qualities granted. Anyone who came in close contact with Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, and knew their excellent character was smitten with the love of their excellent attributes. Anyone who described their noble features can only say: "I have not seen anyone like Rasulullah (Sall llahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) neither before nor after."   


(7) Hadith Number 7

Imam Hasan bin Ali (Radiallahu anhu) reported: "I inquired from my maternal uncle (Sayyiditina Fatimah Radiallahu anha's step brother) Hind bin Abi Haalah (Radiallahu anhu) about the noble features of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). He had often described the noble features of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in detail. I felt that I should hear from him personally, some of the noble features of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), so that I could make his description a proof and testimony for myself and also memorise them, and, if possible, try to emulate and adopt them. (The age of Sayyidina Hasan (Radiallahu anhu) at the time of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)'s departure from this world was seven years. In view of his age he did not have the opportunity to realise fully the features of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The uncle described the noble features by saying: "Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had great qualities and attributes, others also held them in high esteem. The Mubarak - blessed face shone like the full moon. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was slightly taller than a man of middle height, but shorter than a tall person. Their Mubarak - blessed head was moderately large. The blessed hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was slightly twisted. If their hair became parted naturally in the middle, they left it so, otherwise Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam did not habitually make an effort to part their blessed hair in the middle. (This is a more respected transalation). A question may arise that Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) habitually parted their hair as stated in Ahadith. The Ulama say that this is in the early periods where Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not make an effort to do so. According to this humble servant, the answer to this is bit difficult, because it was the principal of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) to oppose the ways of the non- believers, and agree to the ways of Ahl-ul-Kitaab - people of the scriptures, they did not part their hair in the middle. For this reason, according to some Ulama, the best translation will be that Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam only parted their hair in the middle if it could be easily done, and when this could not be done easily, and a comb etc. was needed to do it, then they did not part their hair in the middle. Occasionally Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam used to part their blessed hair in the middle with a comb etc.  When the hair of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallallam) was abundant, it used to pass over the ear- lobes). Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had a very luminous complexion (colour), and a wide forehead. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had dense and fine hair on their eye brows. Both eye brows were separate and did not meet each other in the middle. There was a vein between them that used to expand when Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam became angry. Their nose was prominent and had a Nur - light and lustre on it. When one first looked at Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, it seemed as if they had a large nose, but looking at it carefully showed that the lustre and beauty made it look large, otherwise in itself the nose was not large."  The mubaarak - blessed beard of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was full and dense. The pupil of their blessed eye was black. Their cheeks were full and full of flesh. The blessed mouth of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was moderately wide. (He did not have a small mouth). Their teeth were thin and bright. The front teeth had a slight space between them. There was a thin line of hair from the chest to the navel. Their neck was beautiful and thin, like the neck of a statue which had been shaved clean, the colour of which was clear, shining and beautiful like silver.  All the parts of the blessed body of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam were of moderate size, and fully fleshed. Their blessed body was proportionately jointed. Their blessed chest and stomach were in line, but their chest was broad and wide. The space between the shoulders of Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was wide. The bones of their joints were strong and large (denoting strength). When Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam removed his clothing, his blessed body looked bright and had a lustre (or rather those parts of the body that were not covered by his clothing were also bright and shining, compared with those parts of the body that were covered by his clothing. According to this humble servant the latter translation is more appropriate). Between the chest and navel there was a thin line of hair. Besides this line neither the chest nor the stomach had other hair on it. Both sides, the shoulders and the upper portion of the chest had hair. The forearm of Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was long and palms were wide. The palms and both feet were fully fleshed. The fingers and toes were moderately long. The soles of their blessed feet were a bit deep. Their blessed feet were smooth, because of their cleanliness and smoothness the water did not remain there but flowed away quickly.  When Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam walked, they lifted their blessed legs with vigour, leaned slightly forward and placed their feet softly on the ground. Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam walked at a quick pace and took rather a long step. Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam did not take small steps. When Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam walked it seemed as if they were descending to a lower place. When they looked at something, Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam turned their whole blessed body towards it. Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam always looked down. Their blessed sight was focused more to the ground than towards the sky (A question may arise here that it is reported in Abu Daawud that Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) usually looked towards the sky. Both are reconciled thus: Their blessed habit was to look down towards the ground, but also waited for the Wahi (revelation), therefore while waiting would often looked towards the sky. Otherwise they would usually looked down towards the ground.  

                "Here the gaze of the killer hasn't lifted modestly.
          There the hand of the lover rest on the heart of the deceased"
 

The modest habit of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was to look at something with a light eye,i.e. looked at a thing, with modesty and bashfulness, hence did not stare at anything. While walking, Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam asked the Sahaabah (Radiallahu anhum) to walk in front, and would walk behind. Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam made salaam - sendings peace / greetings to whomsoever he met"  


Commentary

The Ulama say that Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) walked at the back because of humbleness. According to this humble servant, if this is applied to his journeys it will be more appropriate. It was the noble habit of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) that while on a journey, he used to stay at the back to visit the bereaved and the weak.
This is a very long hadith in which the noble features, etiquette and habits of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ ale Hi Wasallam are described. Imam Tirmidi (Rh) has mentioned this Hadith in many chapters where it is relevant. Portions of this hadith will be mentioned inshallah in the chapters where the speech and humility of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam are described. 



 
(8) Hadith Number 8 

Jaabir bin Samurah (Radiallahu anhu) says: "Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had a wide mouth. There were red lines in the whiteness of his eyes. He had little flesh on his heels."  


Commentary 

It is desirable for Arab men to have wide mouths. According to some a wide mouth means eloquence (fluency of language). The translation adopted in the description of the eyes has been taken from accepted sayings. However in this Hadith, Imam Tirmidi (Rh) has translated this to mean wide eyes, as a narrator of this hadith has done, which according to the linguists is not correct.  

          
"These intoxicated eyes on which thousands of my kindred be sacrificed.
                    That endless destroyer remains intoxicated day and night."
 



(9) Hadith Number 9

It is related from Jaabir (Radiallahu anhu) that he said: " I once saw Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) on the night of a full moon. On that night Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam wore red clothing. At times I looked at the full moon and at times at Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) . Ultimately I came to the conclusion that Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was more handsome, beautiful and more radiant than the full moon."  

"If the illumination in the temple and sanctuary is through the sun and moon, so what.
I desire you, what should I do with my sight."






(10) Hadith Number 10

Abu-Ishaaq (Radiallahu anhu) says: "A person once asked Baraa bin Aazib (Radiallahu anhu), "Was the face of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) shining like a sword?" He replied: "No but like a full-moon with its roundness."  



Commentary

In making a comparison with a sword, it may have meant that Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had a long face. However the glitter of a sword has more whiteness than being luminous. For this reason Sayyidina Baraa (Radiallahu anhu) gave the similarity of the full moon, and not that of a sword. All these similarities are approximate descriptions, otherwise even a thousand moons cannot give the brightness of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). All Praise to Allah (swt)

An Arab poet says: "If you want to describe a shortcoming of a beloved, then give the beloved a similitude of a full moon. This is enough to insult him."


(11) Hadith Number 11  

Abu Hurayrah (Radiallahu anhu) says: "Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was so clean, clear, beautiful and handsome, as though their blessed body was covered and moulded in silver. Their mubaarak - blessed hair was slightly curled."   


Commentary

In the first narration mentioned by Sayyidina Anas (Radiallahu anhu), it is denied that Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was very white. From the above hadith, it does not mean that he had white complexion like silver; rather he had a white and reddish complexion, in which the beauty and brightness was overwhelming.



(12) Hadith Number 12

Jaabir bin Abdullah (Radiallahu anhu) narrates from Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) that: "The Ambiyaa - Prophets (As) - peace and blessings on them were shown to me. I saw Musa (Alaihis salaam), he had a thin body, like one from among the tribe of Shanu'ah. I saw Esa (Alaihis salaam). From among all those whom I have seen, he somewhat resembled Urwah bin Masud. I saw Ebrahim (Alaihis salaam). From among all those that I have seen, I, more or less, looks like him. In the same manner I saw Jibra-eel (Alaihis salaam). From among all those I had seen, he more or less looked like Dihyah Kalbi."


Commentary

This was on the night of Mi'raaj - The Ascent, or in a dream. Imaam Bukhaari (Rahmatullahi alaihe) has narrated both, on the night of Mi'raaj and also in a dream. There is no confusion or difficulty in these differences, because he may have seen them on both occasions. The translation of the description of Sayyidina Musa (Alaihis salaam) as having a light body, in my opinion, is made from more accurate sayings. Some Ulama in the translation of this sentence, have expressed other opinions. These three Ambiyaa(as) (Prophets) were described because Sayyidina Musa (Alaihis salaam) and Sayyidina Esa (Alaihis salaam) are the Nabis - Prophets of the Bani Israel and Sayyidina Ebrahim (Alaihis salaam), besides being the great grandfather of Sayyidina Rsulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), was also accepted by all Arabs. 



(13) Hadith Number 13

Sa'eed Jariri (Radiallahu anhu) says: "I heard Abu Tufayl (Radiallahu anhu) say: "There is no one left on the face of this Earth, besides me who had seen Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)." I asked him to describe to me the noble features of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). He said: "Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had a white complexion, which was slightly reddish, and had a medium sized body."  

Commentary

Sayyidina Abu Tufayl (Radiallahu anhu) was the last one among the Sahaabah (Radiallahu anhum) to pass away. He died in the year 110 Hijri. That is why he said, that there was no one left besides him who had seen Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The ulama say that he used the phrase `face of the earth' because Sayyidina Esa (Alaihis salaam) is also from the ones who had seen Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), and is present in the skies (heavens). 


(14) Hadith Number 14

Hasrat Ibn Abbas (Radiallahu anhu) says: "The blessed front teeth of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were a bit wide (spread out). They were spaced and not close together. When Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) talked, an illumination - Nur emitting from their teeth could be seen."  


Commentary

According to the Ulama, it is a well known fact that it was something similar to Nur which emitted from the blessed teeth.
The opinions of Allaamah Munaawi is that it was something sensory, and not a similarity, which emitted miraculously from between the teeth of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). 

 With modesty lower the head and with grace, smile.
How easy it is for the beautiful to strike like lightning.
 

Everything of the noble features of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was perfect and beautiful. In the manner that his real and intrinsic beauty had reached its last stage, in the same manner his zaahiri (apparent) beauty had also reached its fullest and proper stage. 


Allahumma sali 'alaa Sayyidina Muhammadiw wa 'alaa aalihi biqadri husnihi wa jamaalihi.  

O’Allah send peace and blessings upon our master Muhammad and upon his family, his beauty and grace.

Studying Ash-Shaam-il 

The appearance of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) 

Sheikh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi explained the collection of hadith in detail, in order to emphasise not only their meanings but also any legislation given. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)’s example -  Sunnah is the essence of Islamic law, called the Shariah.

Through the life, words and actions of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) the rulings and practical guidance in all matters of Islam have been revealed and demonstrated. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is the great legislator who introduced all rulings and laws as bestowed by Allah (swt). The great jurists also agree that weak hadith are permissible when describing details of the blessed Prophet’s (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) Seerah - life or their blessed description but only strong Isnad - chain of transmission can be used for establishing legal rulings.
 The immense qualities of Sayyidina Muhammad’ur Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) are perfection of form and conduct and also a reflection on the beauty of Islam.
 

Beauty
 

The ahadith on the physical description of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) has been provided largely by the younger companions. For example Hasrat Anas bin Malik (Ra) was a young Sahaabi and has given great detail in describing the tremendous beauty that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) possessed. Hasrat Ali bin Talib (Ra) the young cousin of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) has also given a great contribution in this regard and he had the great privilege of being with the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) from a minor age. Similarly the great companion Hasrat Ibn Abbas (Ra) who gave so many authentic hadith was actually only 15 years of age when Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) passed away.
 
The Ulama – scholars confirm that the older Companions (Ra) of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) spent most time with their eyes lowered when being in the presence of the beloved Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) due to being in awe of his magnificence. Therefore the older Sahaabah (Ra) have been unable to provide great detail on the physical description of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The younger sahaabah (Ra) -  companions were seen as being brave when looking at Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).
 

The Complexion of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) described as being White & Red / Pink. The blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had beauty of face and body and it is Islamic doctrine to know and believe that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is the most beautiful that has ever been created.
 

‘Sayyidina Yousuf (As) was given half the beauty, Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was given all’. (Sahih Muslim / Nawaawi)
 

The hadith of Sayyidina Ayeshaa (Ra) confirmed this when she said that if the friends of Zulaikha cut their hands upon seeing Hasrat Yousuf (As), they would have cut their hearts if they had seen Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)’. 

 These hadith confirm that there is no-one like Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) before or after their coming.

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is perfect in body, nature and message.
 The Nur - light given to the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was so much that they did not have a shadow. (The Angels & Jinns also do not have shadows) Hasrat Jaabir (Ra) saw the moon and then saw Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) again and again coming to the conclusion that there was nothing more beautiful than Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). This hadith also confirms that wearing red is permissible in Islam but the Hanifi school of thought in particular warn that men should not resemble women in any regard. (This comparison to the moon has also been used by Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) when explaining that seeing the Nur - light of Allah (swt) is like seeing the full moon, the eye can see without being harmed). 
 

The blessed face of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was full of flesh but not swollen looking. Their blessed face was round-ish but not fully round. The eye-balls of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were black, with a very strong white outer area. There was also a slight redness in this area of the eye.

The eye-lashes of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were smooth and long. 
 

The blessed face of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) described as shining like the moon but not like a sword. Narrations also use the example of the moon as seeing the moon cannot damage the eyesight. 
 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had broad shoulders. Behind the blessed shoulders of the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was full of flesh. There was the seal of Prophethood between their shoulder blades.

The blessed hands of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were large as were their blessed feet. This is a quality in males.

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) also had a large blessed head, which signifies extreme intelligence.

The blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had strong joints and even the angles of their blessed body were in complete proportion and were firm.
 

The hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was described as being slightly straight and wavy.

The blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had no more then twenty white hair, of which some were grey.

The blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) has dense hair, which reached his ear lobes. The blessed hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) has also been described as being straight with a a curl at the end.
 

The beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) would lean forward as he walked, described as though he was descending from a high place. This manner of walking showed humility and seriousness. In all classical teachings on the Seerah of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), the scholars demonstrate this blessed walk.
 

Hasrat Hasan bin Ali (Ra) requested his Maternal Uncle Hasrat Hind bin Abi Haalah (Ra) to give a description on the noble features of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Hasrat Hind (Ra) was the half brother of Hasrat Fatima (Ra), the mother of Hasan bin Ali (Ra). Hasrat Khadijah (Ra) had been married before marrying Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and from the first marriage she had two boys. Hasrat Hind (Ra) was one of the children and therefore the Uncle of Hasan bin Ali (Ra). Ofcourse the Beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not have any sons who survived their infancy. It is said that Hind (Ra) was excellent in describing people and confirmed that Hasan bin Ali (Ra) was most closest in resemblance to Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). This blood relation that the Ahl -e- Bayt - family of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) have is why all believers are required to love and revere them. Hasrat Hind (Ra) explained the physical beauty in great detail;
 

Allah (swt) bestowed great facial Nur - light to the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).  The description of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is great and majestic. 
 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had the face which shone like the full moon. His hair was long enough to part in the middle. Hadith confirm that the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) began parting his hair in Medina.
 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had a large forehead and his eyebrows were curved and they did not meet.

The blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had wideness of eyes with a slight redness. Whenever the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) became angry, a vein would be come distinguished in between their eyebrows.
 

The blessed nose of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had light shining and was not very high.
 

The blessed beard of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was thick.
 

The blessed cheeks of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were smooth and water would run over them.
 

The blessed mouth of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) described as large and the blessed teeth as separate to each other. 
 

The blessed neck of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) described as being purely of silver.
 

The blessed body of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was strong / dense.

The beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not have a belly and his chest was broad.

Whenever Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) removed their garment, their blessed body would shine.

The blessed wrists of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were long and his palms were large. His limbs were long and his upper feet so smooth that water would slide of them.
 Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) would always lift their blessed feet when walking, taking large steps and moving peacefully. 
 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) described the other blessed Prophets (As) as he saw them on his miraculous night of Miraaj - ascension to the heavens. It must be remembered that the blessed Prophets (As) from Arabia were all of large build and the Prophets (As) who originated from Israel were smaller. Prophet Ibrahim (As) has been described as being the most similar to Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in description, religion and character.     
 


Height
 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) would always walk in a way that he seemed to tower over everyone else. This was actually a miracle bestowed upon him by Allah (swt). The beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was medium in height, described as neither tall or short but Allah (swt) could not allow anyone to be seen as being taller than him. This is part of the adab - manners of loving Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).
 

In fact even with the resting place of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in Masjid-e-Nabi in Medina Munnawarah, during the time of Hasrat Umar Farooq’s (Ra) Caliphate, the area above the resting place of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was sealed off. Four walls were constructed and closed off, above the Roza Mubarak, preventing any building above the sanctuary of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) or anyone by mistake walking in the area over this blessed place. 
 


Age
 

There remains some debate as to the age of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) when he passed away. However most scholars agree that the age was sixty three. The difference in opinion has arisen when calculating the years from when the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) received news of their Prophet hood (40 yrs of age) and when he received glad tidings of being a Messenger (43 years of age). Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) received the instruction to deliver the message to the masses three years after the revelations began. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) lived in Makka for thirteen years and in Medina for ten years.
 


Character
 

The truth of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) could be reflected through their presence and their generosity shone through. A Bedouin once came to meet the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and after just seeing him said ‘This is not the face of a liar’. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) looked like a Prophet.
The modesty and humility of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) further enhanced his personality and the tremendous awe he possessed did not come from any royal treatment. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not have any formal clothes and did not worry about image or appearance.
 
Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) has been described as not difficult to live with, very soft in nature and easy going in character. The Saahabah (Ra) confirm that  ‘from far you would be in awe of him, when you came close the love for him would grow’.
To understand this hadith we need to think about all famous people who have a great image but people who live with them and know them closely lose that image. This is why many famous personalities remain distant. The beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is more and more captivating for all that draw close to him. May Allah (swt) grant us this closeness, which we all crave.  Ameen
 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was described in the most beautiful way by his blessed wife Hasrat Khadijah (Ra). When the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) first received the revelation, he feared the reaction of the masses. This is when Hasrat Khadijah (Ra) reminded him that Allah (swt) will help him as he is so noble, he is good to his relations, helps the travellers and always assists in calamities. The wife is the closest person to a man. Hasrat Khadijah (Ra) was the closest to Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and therefore never doubted him. The first people to accept Islam were Hasrat Khadija (Ra) along with the dear friend of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam); Hasrat Abu Bakr Saddique (Ra) and the cousin of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam); Hasrat Ali bin Talib (Ra).  
 

The beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) would always look down as he was the most modest. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) would never stare at people but only glance.
 
Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) would always walk behind the companions (Ra) as reported hadith say that the angels (as) would be behind the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) guarding his back.
 

The noble habit of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) would always be the first to greet, saying Salaam and warned that a sign of the final hour emerging would be that ‘People would only say Salaam to those who they know’.