www.rasulallah.info

Home
Messenger of Allah
Ash-Shamaa-il Muhammadiyyah
Muhammad - The Most Praised
Prophet's (saw) Genealogy
Light of the Prophet (saw)
Praise of the Prophet (saw)
Miracles of the Prophet (saw)
Living Miracles of the Messenger (SAW)
Sacred Gallery
Descendants of the Prophet (saw)
About us

Life of the Messenger
Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam

1. HOLY NAMES

 

Muhammad

Ahmed

Hamid

Mahmood

Mahi

Hashir

Aaqib

 

2. HOLY BIRTH

 

Islamic Dates/Day/Time/Place

12th or 9th  Rabbi-ul-awal, Monday, Early in the morning (before sun rise) at Holy MAKKAH

or

English date/year

             17th June 569. A.D

or

Hindi date date/year

             1st of jaaith 3672 kul jug

or

Other Dates

1st year of elephant. (on 40th day after elephant event) 2675th year to Prophet Noah's flood 2585th year to Prophet Ibrahimi year

 

3. PASSING AWAY

 

12th Rabbi-ul-awwal 11 hijrah, 23 Nabvi, 8th June, 632 A.D, At the time of chast (after sun rise) In Madina Munawwarah

In the house of Bibi Ayesha R.A. Buried in the house of bibi Aysha R.A

  Place of rest exactly from where Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) departed in the room

 

4. LIFE SPAN Total Worldly Life Span

 

63 years +0 month+4days+6 hours or

total 22330 days or total 535924 hours

Stay in Holy Makkah - 53 years

Stay in Holy Madina - 10 years

 

5. UNCLES

 

Total uncles -  9

 

Only 2 Accepted  ISLAM - Sayyedina Hamza R.A & Sayyedina Abbas R.A

7. Uncles Did not become Muslim -

Abu Talib (some scholars believe Abu Talib has accepted Islam but was unable to declare), Abu Lahab, Zubair, Maqoom, Zarrar, Haris & Mugheera

 

6.. AUNTS

 

Total Aunts -  6

Only one Accepted  ISLAM; Sayyedina Safia R.A

5  Aunts did not accept ISLAM -

Um-e-Hakeem Baiza (Grandmother of Syedna Usman R.A), Aroohi (Some says perhaps she accepted Islam but not confirmed), Ateka  (Some says perhaps she accepted Islam but not confirmed), Barrah, Amemmah

 

7. EVENTS BEFORE REVELATION IN MOUNT HIRA

 

a)                  Death of Father  Abdullah Bin Mutalib------------Before Holy Birth

b)                 Death of Mother Bibi Amena-----------------------  6th year after Birth

c)                 Death of Grand Father Abu Mutalib-----------  8th year after Birth

d)                 First business trip towards Syria-------------  13th year after Birth

e)                 Participation- Harb-e-Fajar (battle for Kabba hurmat )15th year Birth

f)                  Second business trip (with Mehsraslave of Bibi Khadeeja R. A) 23rd year Birth

g)                 Wedding with Sayyedina Khadeeja R.A ---------------25th year after Birth

h)                 Resolved tribe conflicts (fixing of Hajr-e-Asvad) 35th year after Birth

i)                   Starting to go to Cave Hira --------------------------36th year after Birth

j)                   Beginning to ascend the revelations------------------------40th year after Birth

 

8. WIVES - AZWAJ-E-MUTAHERAT

Wife Name

Nikkah Age

Wife's

Year

Wife age

Prophet's age

Death

Burried

Before Nikkah

Status

Khateeja R.A.      

15 B.N    

40  

25

10A.N    

Makkah      

widow  twice  

--------

Sudah R.A            

10 A.N    

50

50

23 hijra  

Madina

widow

--------

Ayesha R.A          

02 hijra  

10

55

57 hijra  

Madina

virgin

--------

Hafsa R.A            

03 hijra              

 

56

45 hijra  

Madina

widow

husb died in badar

Zanab hazima        

04 hijra                

 

57

 

Madina

widow

husb died in uhad

umm-e-salma        

04 hijra                

 

57

63 hijra    

Madina

widow

husb died in uhad

Zanab hajash        

04 hijra

 

57

20 hijra    

Madina

Divorced

 

Jvaria

05 hijra

15

58

50 hijra    

Madina

Divorced

 

Umm-e-Habiba    

05 hijra                

 

58  

44 hijra    

Madina

seperated

husb left islam

Memoona R..A

06 hijra                

 

59

51 hijra      

sarif            

widow twice

 

                                       IMPORTANT TO NOTE

a)      Sayyedina Ayesha R.A  was the daughter of Sayyedina Abu Bakr Siddiq R.A

b)     Sayyedina Hafza was the daughter of Sayyedina Umar R.A

c)     Sayyedina Umm-e-Habiba was the daughter of  Abu Sufyan

d)     Only Sayyedina Khadeeja and Sayyedina Zainab Hazima died in Rasulullah’s (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) life

e)     9 wives were alive when Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) passed away.

9. SONS

Total Sons - 3

1.               Sayyedina QASIM from Khadeeja.R.A

2.               Sayyedna Abdullah (Tayab, Tahir) from Khadeeja R.A

3.               Syedna Ibraheem from Maria Qubtia R.A All the sons died in their child hood, first 2 are buried in Jannat-ul-Moalla Makkah and Last one is in Jannat-ul-Baqqi Madina.

10. DAUGHTERS - 4 Daughters

1..      Sayyedina Zainab R.A. married with  Abual Bin Aas Bin Rabbi

2.      Syeda Ruqayyia R.A  married with Syedna Usman Bin Affan

3.      Syeda Um-e-Kulsoom married  with Syedna Usman bin Affan

4.      Syeda Fatima ZUHRA married with Syedna Ali Bin Abi Talib All daughters were from Um-ul-Momeneen Syeda Khadeeja R. A. All daughters except Sayyedina Fatima died in Prophets' life. All  daughters buried in Jannat-ul-Baqi Madina.

 



Footprints of the Messenger

Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam

  

The blessed life of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is essential study for all Muslims along with studying Al’Qur’an and the books of authentic Ahadith. The exemplary conduct, habits, actions, characteristics, trials, tests and ultimate victory of Sayyidina Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) are viewed as miraculous and the undeniable evidence of how ‘Al’Qur’an’ has a living form.

 

The authentic books of Seerah, which explain and present the life of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) demonstrate how the blessed Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had such a birth that nur – light descended with him from inside Sayyedina Amina (Alayhi Salaam) and Sayyidina Imam ul’Ambiya (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not have an umbilical cord attached. The sustenance given to the best of all creation came from Allah (swt) directly. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) descended into this world already in a state of circumcision and therefore no being ever saw the most blessed of all creation in an uncovered state.

 

Sheikh Ibn Taymeeyah wrote a book on the miraculous life of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) called ‘Jawab as-Sahih Liman badala din al-Masih’. This book confirmed many evidences of the unparalleled excellence in the life of the ‘Seal of all Messengers’. Some parts of the book have been used in the below summary of the life of the Final Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). References are also taken from the great work of ‘Kitab Ash’Shifa’ by Imam Qadi Iyad (Rh) and ‘Al Mawahib al-Laduniyya’ by Imam Qastallani (Rh). The great text of Shaykh Ibn Ata’Illah As-Sakandary (Rh) has also been used for further understanding of Qur’anic ayaat, from his priceless work ‘Al Kitab at’Tanwir’.

 

Al Ameen


‘You are an exalted standard of character’. (Al Qur’aan 68:4)

 
 Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is a descendant from the Father of all Prophets (Alayhi Salaam), Sayyidina Ibrahim (Alayhi Salaam), to whose descendants Allah (swt) bestowed the Book and the sunnah. The Prophets and Messengers of Allah (swt) to come after Sayyidina Ibrahim (Alayhi Salaam) came from his blessed family, through the lineage of Sayyidina Ishmael (as) and Sayyidina Ishaq (as).They were both the sons of Sayyidina Ibrahim (As). The ‘Torah’ mentions the merits of the offspring of Sayyidina Ishmael (as), their reference and eligibility belongs to Sayyidina Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). After the building of Baitullah Kaaba, by Sayyidina Ibrahim (Alayhi Salaam) along with his older son; Sayyidina Ismael (Alayhi Salaam), he prayed to Allah (swt) for four things as his reward. The first was to make Makkah a city of security, the second to bless the fruits of this blessed city, the third that from THEIR offspring, through the lineage of his son Sayyidina Ismael (Alayhi Salaam), there will always be a group of believers who remain on the path of Tauheed – La illaha il-Allah (There is no god but Allah).  The supplication of Sayyidina Ibrahim (Alayhi Salaam) culminated in asking for the coming of the Final Messenger, who would bring the blessed Book, the ayaat and would purify the believers. This supplication was for the coming of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), and the nation who would always remain on the path of Islamic Monotheism. The group who would come from from the lineage of Sayyidina Ibrahim (Alayhi Salaam) and Sayyidina Ismael (Alayhi Salaam) would be the ancestors of Sayyidina Muhammad’ur Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam. There were no traditions of the Jahiliyyah period such as idol worship or fornication found in the ancestry of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The Noble Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) came from the most blessed loins, passing through the most honourable of people who practised the true deen of Allah (swt).  

 

Of the family of Sayyidina Ibrahim (as), the Quraish are the most respected and honoured, from the Quraish it is the tribe of Banu Hasim that has the most regard and from them Allah’s Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was selected. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) mentions in an authentic hadith that ‘Allah (swt) divided the creation into two groups, the light of the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was placed into the lineage of the best group among them’.

 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) came into this world in the city of Makka. Makka is the mother of all cities as lies there Baitullah, which was built by Sayyidina Ibrahim (as) and Sayyidina Ishmael (as). After which Sayyidina Ibrahim (as) called all the believers from then upto the end of time to perform the pilgrimage. Since that time, the holy pilgrimage is being performed there and this is mentioned in every scripture. The blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was selected to descend into this world in the city that was built for the sole purpose of worshipping Allah (subhan hu wa ta’ala). On the night when Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) descended, this was the manifestation of the beloved Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). This was not his creation as Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was created two thousand years before Sayyidina Adam (Alayhi Salaam), in the form of pure light, this light remained in the Hand of Allah (swt), worshipping the Divine Creator, night and day. The night of the ‘Mawlid’, was a night of countless miracles, witnessed in the heavens and earth. The blessed mother of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam); Sayyidina Amina (Alayhi Salaam) was visited by two blessed ladies who were Sayyidina Maryam (Alayhi Salaam) and Sayyidina Asiya (Alayhi Salaam). As Sayyidina Amina (Alayhi Salaam) felt thirsty she was given a drink from the heavens, which was as white as milk and as sweet as honey. SubhanAllah. On the night of the descent into this world of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), the gates of Paradise were opened, flags were raised on Baitullah Kaaba, and flags could be seen in the East and West. The idols of the Pagan worshippers, fell in prostration and the Baitullah Kaaba spoke, proclaiming ‘Allah Ho Akbar’. The East and West was illuminated, and the castles in Syria and Rome shook. These were only some of the many miracles of that Magnificent moment for the heavens and earth when Sayyidina Khutum’ul Ambiya (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was sent as the Rahmat al’ Alameen – Mercy onto the Worlds. 

 

Allah (swt) mentions that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) came from ‘among yourselves’ (9:128), meaning that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) came from within the people so that they would know him and his qualities, know his truthfulness and be sure of his blessed rank. Allah (swt) introduced mankind to His own Attributes through the sending of the Final Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), even bestowing on him two of his Own qualities of ‘compassionate’ – Ra’uf, ‘merciful’ – Rahim. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had the qualities of people who would follow him, but he was like no other   creation before him or after him. His qualities were apparent so that the people would recognise him as one of their own but Only Allah (swt) Knows the reality of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).

 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was from the blessed city but was raised in the rural area outside Makka. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was an orphan but had the best of upbringing, there was no shortcoming in the speech, actions and conduct of the Final Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The blessed Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was unlettered, he had never acquired education. This was another evidence of the most elevated rank of the Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), as the Prophet Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam did not have any teacher or mentor, meaning there is no person ever created who could have taught the finest of all Messengers (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). To teach a student implies you have more knowledge therefore they are learning from you, automatically the teacher gains a position of greater respect than the student. There is no-one who could have had the rank of being a teacher of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayi wa’ale hi wasalam). The knowledge of all things was bestowed upon the heart of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) by Allah (swt) Who holds the dominion of all things.

 

Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was guarded from the environment around him, he was not given to lie, to oppress or to indulge in any indecency. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was known by great titles of respect and his character. These titles were ‘Al Ameen’ which means the truthful and ‘Al Saadiq’, the honest. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was known for his honesty, justice and mercy towards others and therefore everyone entrusted their possessions with the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) for safekeeping. This was evidence that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was created without any fault or blemish and the perfect example of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was apparent long before the revelations began.

 

In Mount Hira, the Prophethood was revealed to Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) at forty years of age, but the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was created as a Prophet and was guided as such from the time the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) entered the world. This was so that the people of Makka who knew Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) as being the most trustworthy and honest from before the revelations came, would have his integrity as the greatest evidence of his message being the truth.

 

Khatum’ul Ambiya

When the blessed Messenger Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was a young boy aged nine years, he accompanied his Uncle; Abu Talib to Syria as part of a business expedition. Abu Talib was the uncle and guardian of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) after the passing of his blessed mother; Sayyidina Amina (Alayhi Salaam) and grandfather; Abu Muttalib. There was a monastery on the way and the monks would never come out of their hub due to their devotion and worship. However as the convoy approached, a monk came out and met them introducing himself as ‘Bahira’. He requested the travellers to be his guests. This was unexpected and very strange but Hasrat Abu Talib accepted the invitation. When the group sat for the meal, the monk asked if there was anyone they had left outside. They informed him they had left a boy outside with the goods. Bahira requested they invite him in at once. The boy was Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. Bahira saw the boy and asked questions about him, asking about his heritage and his guardians. Abu Talib said that this boy was his son. Bahira refused to believe this and Abu Talib explained that he would call him his son but he was really his nephew. Sayyidina Muhammad Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam was in fact an orphan. Bahira accepted this response. After the food, Bahira approached Abu Talib saying that this boy would be a great Prophet one day and he had read about his coming in previous scriptures. Bahira knew that the Final Messenger would be an orphan this is why he knew that Abu Talib could not be his father. He said that when he had seen the caravan in the distance there was a cloud shading them, yet there had been no clouds at all before the caravan arrived. The clouds were shading someone from the great heat of the desert. When the caravan had stopped under a tree the cloud had also stopped above them. Bahira said that he had seen the stones and the trees prostrating as the convoy passed by, meaning they were prostrating to someone in the convoy. Later Bahira noticed the stones and trees prostrating to young Sayyidina Muhammad Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam as he walked. The shading of the cloud and the stones prostrating are signs mentioned in previous scriptures and is only done for a Prophet of Allah. He looked at Sayyidina Muhammad’s (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) blessed back and noticed the ‘Seal of the Prophets’, which was an oval shape protruding just below the shoulder blades. He said that this was one of the signs of Prophethood as taught to them in their books. Bahira said “This is the master of all humans, Allah will send him with a message which would be a mercy to all humans”. Bahira advised that Sayyidina Muhammad Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam should be taken back to Makkah at once, if the Jews found out about him they would try to kill him. Abu Talib took the advice of this wise old monk and sent his blessed nephew back with some of the guides.

 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) received the first revelations of Al’Qur’an in the cave of HIra where the chief of angels, Hasrat Jibail (as) brought the revelation to ‘Read’. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) stated ‘What shall I read’ to which Angel Jibrail (as) replied ‘Read in the name of your Lord’. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was given the weight of the task for which the whole universe had been created. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is the best of all creation so the most blessed were chosen to accompany him (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).

 

The noble wife of the Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), Sayyidina Khadeeja (Ra) became the first lady to support the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), she loved and supported the Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) with the beautiful words that Allah (swt) will support and never humiliate the one who always upholds the truth, treats the kin with respect, provides for the needy and helps the weak. Sayyidina Khadeeja (Ra) was older than the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) but had proposed for marriage on the basis of the impeccable honesty and character of the ‘best of creation’ salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam.

 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) then openly declared his Prophethood and invited all to accept Islam. The weak and helpless supported him, the most affluent and powerful opposed the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and his companions – sahabah (ra). This had happened with the previous Prophets too. The best amongst men were chosen to be the companions of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The first female to become a believer was Sayyidina Khadijah (Ra), the first male to accept Islam on the blessed hand of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was his faithful friend; Hasrat Abu Bakr Saddique (Ra) and the first child to choose the divine faith was the young cousin of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam); Sayyidina Ali (karamullah waj ho).  Even the fiercest enemies of Islam became the defenders of the faith upon hearing the divine message revealed upon Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Men who were feared like Sayyidina Umar bin Khattab (ra) who was later titled ‘Farooq’, opposed Islam and set out to harm Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). He was stopped and told that his own sister and her husband had in fact accepted Islam. Umar (ra) changed direction and went to his sister’s house where he beat his sister and her husband. Yet the sister of Umar (ra) still defended Islam and upon seeing the courage of his sister, requested to see the Glorious Qur’an. The sister of Hasrat Umar bin Khattab (ra) requested that her brother purify himself before reciting the Qur’an. He accepted and recited ‘Surah Ta-Ha’, the verses of the most perfect Message, brought him to his knees and he submitted to the kalima.  Umar’s (ra) journey continued to the humble surroundings of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) with the intention not to harm the life of the Seal of all Messengers (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) but to place his own life in the hands of the Perfect Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasalam).

 

The companions of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) stood firm in the face of persecution and stood by the side of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) despite being attacked and boycotted. The most hardship was endured by Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) himself, the height of which was inflicted on the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in Taif. It was in this small town that the residents hurled stones and abuse at the most elevated of all Messengers (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) yet Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) showed how he was the mercy onto mankind by still praying for those who hurt him.

 

 

Miraaj un’Nabi

 

Glory be to Him who carried His slave by night from the Masjid al-Haram to the Masjid Al-Aqsa, the vicinity of which we have blessed, to show him some of Our signs. He is the Hearing, the Seeing. (Al Qur’aan 17:1)

 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) ascended to the greatest of heights where no being had gone before spiritually or physically. The night of ‘Isra and Miraaj’ remains the most miraculous journey in which Allah (azza wal jal) called upon His most beloved Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) to the Highest Heaven. The above verse from the Noble Words of Allah (swt) mention how Allah (swt) called His Slava; Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam to Him. Allah (swt) showed His infinite wisdom in mentioning Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) as ‘His slave’ not ‘His messenger’ or ‘His Prophet’. This was because on this night, He was calling Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) into His own gathering, so he calls him as ‘Abd’  - Slave. When Allah (swt) sent Sayyidina Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), it was as His Messenger and His Prophet. This night he was being called not sent.

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) slept as Hasrat Jibrail (As) arrived, Jibrail (As) asked Allah (swt) how he should wake the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The Lord replied ‘Kiss the feet of my Messenger’. This shows the honour of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), and the adab for the Messenger of Allah (salla lahua alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was aware even when sleeping as the Prophets of Allah (swt) remain awake even when they sleep, their eyes are closed but hearts remain awake. The blessed chest of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was split open and Jibrail (As) brought a basin. He removed the internal organs of the Messenger of Allah and washed them with the purest of water, pouring into the cavity inside the blessed chest of Sayyidina Rasulullah (sallalahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) courage and wisdom. The blessed chest of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was then sealed. This was one of the countless miracles of that wondrous night, which has no equal in the history of mankind. The proofs that the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was in fact Bashr – human being, and Nur – light. This miracle resembles the creation of the forefather of mankind, Sayyidina Adam (Alayhi Salaam) whose creation was miraculous. The human form of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was split open and this opening was a physical miracle which proved the Messenger is human. The removing of physical organs and washing of the chest cavity of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is evidence of him being Light. Light does not have a physical form and is without actual limitations, this was an attribute shown to be in the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). His human attributes of form made him different to Allah (swt) but his radiant attributes made him better than all human beings.

 

Awaiting as the ride for this journey was an animal which would travel by the speed of light, the ‘Buraq’. The Buraq was bridled and saddled to the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) on this evening. The Buraq shied away from the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), Hasrat Jibrail (As) then said to it ‘Do you do this to the Messenger of Allah : Sayyidina Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). No one more honoured by Allah (swt), has ever ridden you’. The Buraq began to sweat.

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) mounted the Buraq and was taken from the sanctuary of the Harem in Makka Makkaramah to the blessed Mosque of Al Aqsa in Jerusalem. There the most blessed Jamaat was waiting of all the Prophets (assalatu assalaam) to be led in prayer by the one who is the Imam of all the Prophets (as); Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale wasallam). After leading the prayer in Al Aqsa, the journey of Miraaj began where Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) ascended into the heavens, seeing the wonders and the secrets that Allah (swt) only showed His finest of all creation. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) then went beyond the point where even Angel Jibrail (as) could not go, the place which is beyond ‘Sidra t’ul Muntaha’. This is the ascent of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) of body, mind and soul. The physical ascent of the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and more than this, it was the ascent of the esteemed rank of the Final Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). This was the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) seeing Allah (swt), a Vision so sublime that it has never been bestowed on any being before or after. It was the vision of Allah (swt) that was not granted to Sayyidina Musa (Alayhi Salaam) who would repeatedly send Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) back to Allah (swt) to ask Him to lower the number of prayers enjoined on the Ummah. Fifty prayers became five but it was the Light in the eyes of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahua alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), which Sayyidina Musa (Alayhi Salaam) saw again and again and again. The Light of His creator, from which even the ‘Kaleem’ had been deprived’.

 

When the most noblest of Messengers (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) informed the people of Makka Makkaramah of this miraculous journey, the ones who refused to accept and mocked the Messenger of Allah were ‘Jahl’ and lowered their places in the Hell fire. The ones who accepted that the most truthful can never lie, became known as the ones who support the truth, this was the ‘Siddique’. The trust and faith of the best of companions, the faith of Sayyidina Abh Bakr Siddique (raziy-Allah anho) would not be shaken upon being asked by the most ignorant, Abu Jahl. Abu Jahl who once asked the Messenger of Allah while hiding stones in his hand that if the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is in fact the Messenger then confirm how many stones is he holding. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi w’ale hi wasallam) replied that it is the stones that will confirm to you who I am. Upon hearing this, the stones declared the Kalima and Abu Jahl released them and fled. Everything created by Allah (swt) supports and loves Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) as commanded by their Creator and even when stones recite the Kalima – La illaha illalah Muhammad Rasulullah, they are set free.

 

 The ‘Jahl’ tested the faith by asking whether the ‘Siddique’ could believe in such a journey taking place. Upon hearing that the blessed Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had stated this, the faithful companion Siddiq -e-Akbar who has such emaan – faith that it outweights the faith of all the followers of the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) put together, replied that if the beloved Messenger (salla lahu alayh wa’ale hi wasalam) has confirmed this then ofcourse it took place. That day it was Sayyidina Abu Bakr Saddique (Ra) who was known as the ‘truthful’ and all those who denied the elevated rank of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) like Abu Jahl became confined to being the ‘ignorant’.

 

Hijrah

 

The tribal chiefs of Makka plotted to assassinate the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and those who entered the house of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were the same people who had entrusted the blessed Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) with their own valuables. Such was the integrity, and honesty of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) that even his enemies trusted him the most. (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).

 

Upon entering the house of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) they found the most courageous and daring Sayyidina Ali (karamullah waj ho) in the blessed bed of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). It was only Sayyidina Ali (karamullah waj ho) may Allah (swt) favour him, who could have been selected to lie in the bed of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Sayyidina Ali (karamullah waj ho) was the young cousin of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) who spent every day since childhood with Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), accompanying the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and learning from the best of all. This is why Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) confirmed that it is Sayyidina Ali (karamullah waj ho) who is ‘Baab-e-Rasul’, the gateway to Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), in the way that an entrance allows access to a city, here the blessed Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) being the city of knowledge and Sayyidina Ali (ra) being the gateway. Sayyidina Ali (Ra) is the lion of Islam, the one who chose to risk his life, to put himself in place of the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) that night as the attackers approached. This was the faith of Sayyidina Ali (karamullah waj ho).

 

On this night, the ‘Hijrah’, migration took place as Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) departed from Makka Makkaramah to Medina. That night Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra) who had his rank raised by being mentioned in the Glorious Qur’an as the ‘companion of the cave’ and is also the one who is living even after departing from this world, next to Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The night of the migration, in the cave of Thaur, as Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) rested his blessed head in the lap of the ‘Siddique’ (Ra), this noble companion noticed that a gap in the wall had not been checked for dangerous creatures. Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra) raised his leg and placed his foot in this hole to block it. He kept his foot inside this hole while Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) slept and during this time, as confirmed in some narrations a scorpion bit the foot of the Siddique repeatedly but this was a mere trial of the love that the Siddique (Ra) had for the beloved Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra) passed all tests in his lifetime.

 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and his faithful companion (Ra) reached the city of Medina, which lit up with Nur – light. Authentic traditions confirm that this was actual light that illuminated the city of Medina when Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) entered there. The city has since been named Medina Munawwarah, meaning the ‘city of light’. The ‘ansaaar’ of Medina Munnawwarah celebrated the arrival of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), and everyone wished for the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) to be their guest. The Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) said that wherever his camel would stop, he would stay there. The camel of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) walked through the city and first stopped at a place, lowering his head. He didn’t stop and continued until reaching the house of Hasrat Abu Ayub Ansari (Ra). His name was ‘Khalid’. This is where the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) stayed until his own blessed house was built. The first place where the camel had lowered his head, was the site of Masjid –e-Nabi. The believers of Medina Munnawwarah, were known as the ‘Ansaaar’. This means ‘helpers’, they welcomed the believers of Makka with open arms, sharing everything they had with their companions. The blessings of the people of the ‘Ansaar’ can still be seen in the warmth and love of the residents of Medina.

 

Badr

 

The first battle in Islam was the battle of ‘Badr’. Allah (swt) ordered His Final Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) to enter the battlefield with the faithful companions (Ra) to defend Islam and oppose falsehood and tyranny. The struggle was always for Islam whether it was in the form of endurance and forbearance in the face of persecution or displaying courage and showing heights of faith against powerful armies of non-believers. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) has only ever acted upon revelation and divine guidance and the faithful companions (Ra) learnt how to walk the straight path by following the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). As the army of believers stood led by the Leader of all creation, Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) it was Allah (swt) who sent down tranquillity into their hearts so that they stood in ‘Badr’ on the threshold of Islamic victory. The day of ‘Badr’, the believers were 313 in number and their enemies had the numbers on their side as they outnumbered the believers by three times. Allah (swt) cleansed the warriors of truth and gave them victory over the enemies of Allah (swt). The believers lived by the faith of the divine Word of Allah (swt) and the touch of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), in Badr they fought for every Word revealed in the Glorious Qur’an and bled for their unquenchable love for Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The believers fought their own kin as family members of the companions (Ra) were amongst the enemies of Allah (swt). Badr was the Sign of Allah’s (swt) favour on the believers and as the angels descended onto the battlefield, the 313 seemed like a the firmest of mountains who the enemies could not defeat.

 

Uhud

 

The enemies of Islam came again after suffering defeat at the hands of the Muslimeen in Badr. This time on a mountain called Uhud, the enemies of Islam gathered an even greater army in the hope to defeat the message of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). In the land of Badr, the courage of the believers was shown and now on the mount of Uhud it was the patience of the Muslims that had to be tested. The believers had tasted victory only to be ambushed from behind as a group of Muslim soldiers failed to guard the mountain as ordered by Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Allah (swt) showed the believers the consequence of failing to obey even a word spoken by the most perfect of all Messengers (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). On Uhud, the brave Uncle of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) Sayyedina Abu Hamza (Ra) was martyred and the beloved Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was also injured. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) grieved for his beloved Uncle and the lovers of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) grieved upon hearing of the injuries suffered by Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).

 

It was the great lover Hasrat Owais Qarni (Ra) who upon hearing that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) lost his blessed tooth in the battle of Uhud, broke all his teeth using a rock to make sure he removes the same tooth that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had lost. The great martyrs were laid to rest at Uhud, this was the mount which trembled under the weight of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), the great martyr Sayyidina Abu Hamza (Ra) and the great Siddique; Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra). Uhud is the mountain that loves Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa;ale hi wasallam) and is loved by Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’’ale hi wasallam).  

 

Legacy

 

Islam spread all over Arabia, through the growing legacy of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) as Idol worshipping, soothsayers and atheism were abandoned, in favour of worshipping Allah (swt) the Only One worthy of worship. Islam spread equality through the land, maintaining the ties of kinship and demonstrating the highest morals and manners. Islam abolished slavery and oppression as even the hardest opponents of Islam submitted to the Will of Allah (swt) and the beautiful conduct of Sayyidina Rasululah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Their hearts melted and they accepted the true beliefs and practices of Islam. Islam taught that education is for all regardless of caste and colour and the slaves became scholars of the age, dignified men who were given status through their belief in Islam. Women no longer feared as they were given security and equality as demanded by Islamic Shariah. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) led the way and displayed the highest ideals of conduct for all to see and learn from. In the age when idolaters buried their daughters alive, Sayyidina Rasululah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) honoured his blessed wives and daughters. Allah (swt) took away the sons of Rasullullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in infancy and the fact that the best of all creation had four daughters showed the rest how much of a blessing this is. When Christians saw the Muslims in Syria, they accepted that the followers of Sayyidina Eesa (As) who they call Jesus Christ, are not better than the followers of Sayyidina Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). In fact even the miracles displayed by Sayyidina Eesa (As) did not match those seen in the apparent life of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Sayyidina Eesa (As) have authentically displayed no more then fifteen miracles in their apparent life yet Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) have thousands of miracles accounted for. Sayyidina Eesa (As) had the miracle of bringing the dead to life, returning the attribute of life to the one who has lost it, yet Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) gave attributes of life, speech and feelings to those who never had them. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) summoned a tree and the tree walked as ordered by Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), animals actually spoke to Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) on many occasion and the stones of Abu Jahl recited the Kalima. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) used to deliver his sermons while standing beside a trunk of a date palm. When he had the pulpit made, he used it instead. The trunk started crying and the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) went to it, rubbing his hand over it (to stop its crying).  The touch of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) brought peace and security to the entire creation not just to human beings. This above authentic hadith confirms this. Sayyidina Musa (As) used his staff to derive water from a rock as did Sayyidina Ismael (As) who as a baby rubbed his blessed feet on the barren ground to produce water of Zamzam. Water can be found in those places and the blessed Prophets (As) produced miracles when they were required, yet water came out of the fingers of Sayyidina Muhammad (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) which was used by one thousand companions to do ablution. This miracle is even greater as water does not exist in our fingers, yet Allah swt attributed this to His most blessed Messenger.

 

Hudaybiyah

 

 

‘Those who pledge allegiance to you, actually pledge allegiance to Allah’.

(Al Qur’aan 49:10)

 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) had been ordered to perform the pilgrimage for Allah (swt). He marched alongside his companions (Ra) to Makka. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) stopped at a place outside Makka, called ‘Hudaybiyah’. Sayyidina Uthman ibn Affan (Ra) was sent to negotiate with the people of Makka and allow the believers access.

Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam sent Hasrat Uthman bin `Affan (Ra) to Abu Sufyan and the chiefs of the Quraysh informing them that the Messenger Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam did not come to fight them, but to visit Baitullah. Sayyidina Uthman (Ra) left for Makkah. He met Aban bin Sa`id bin Al-`As upon entering Makkah or just before that. As a result, Aban took Sayyidina`Uthman (Ra) with him and extended his protection to him so he could deliver the message of Allah's Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Sayyidina `Uthman (Ra) indeed went to Abu Sufyan and the chiefs of Quraysh and imparted the Rasulullah’s (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) message that he was sent with. When Sayyidina `Uthman finished delivering the message to them they said to him, `If you wish, you can perform Tawaf around the House.' Sayyidina `Uthman (Ra) replied, `I would not do that before the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) gets the chance to perform Tawaf around it.' So the Quraysh kept Sayyidina `Uthman (Ra) waiting in Makkah. However, the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and the Muslims were told that Hasrat `Uthman (Ra) had been killed.'' The Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) said ‘We will not leave until we fight the people’. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam called the Muslims to give a pledge of allegiance, resulting in the pledge of ‘Ar-Ridwan’ being conducted under the tree. The above verse from Al Quraan, shows Allah (swt) accepting any pledge given by the believers to Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is in essence given to Allah (swt). This is the honour bestowed upon Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). There are similar verses in the ‘Noble Qur’’aan’, confirming obedience to Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is obedience to Allah (swt). For example;

‘But no, by your Lord, they can have no real faith until they make you judge in all disputes between them, and find in theirselves no resistance against your decisions, and submit with the fullest submission’. (Al Qur’aan 4:65).

This verse was proof to the companions (Ra) that they must accept every order from Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) as being the Divine Order of Allah (swt). This was tested when the people of Quraysh came to negotiate with the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The terms agreed were not favourable to the believers but Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) accepted them in exchange for access to Makka Makarramah. The companions (Ra) felt that the terms of the treaty of Hudaybiyah were insulting to the believers and moreso because of the fact that they were not allowed to enter Makka that year. The terms of the treaty stated they can perform Umrah the following year. The virtues of Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra) can be seen on this occasion when the Sahabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) were unhappy about the treaty. Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra) had such a close and deep relationship with Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam that on many aspects Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu had the same thoughts as that of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu' Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. The incident of Hudaybiyyah is a testimony to this. The Muslims felt so much humiliation in accepting the harsh conditions of the non-believers that many among the Sahaabah (RA) could not bear it. Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu anxiously came to Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, are you not the truthful Nabi of Allah?' Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam replied: 'Indeed, I am'. Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu said: 'Are we not on The Haq (True Path) and the enemy on falsehood?' Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam replied: 'Truly indeed'. Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu said: 'Why are we being degraded in this manner in our deen?' Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam replied: "I am the Messenger of Allah, and I cannot disobey Him. Verily He is my Protector'. Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu said: 'Did you not say to us that we are going to Makkah, and are going to perform the tawaaf?' Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'Verily it is true, but did I say that we will go this year to Makkah?' Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu replied: 'No, you did not say this'. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam then said: 'We will surely go to Makkah and perform tawaaf'. After this Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu with the same zeal went to Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anbu and said: 'O Abu Bakr, is this not the truthful Nabi of Allah?' Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu replied: 'Verily, yes'. Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu asked: 'Are we not on the truth and the non-believers on falsehood?' Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu replied: 'Verily, true'. Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu then said: 'Why are we being disgraced in this manner for our deen?' Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu replied: 'O man, without doubt, he is the truthful Nabi, and he does not disobey Allah in the least, and only Allah is his Protector. Hold fast unto his reigns'. Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu replied: 'Did he not say to us that we will be going to Makkah, and will be performing the tawaaf?' Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu replied: 'Did he promise you that we will go this year?' Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu replied: 'No, he did not say this to us'. Sayyidina Abu Bakr Radiyallahu 'Anhu said. 'You will go to Makkah and will also perform tawaaf '.  Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra) who has been honoured as the best after the Prophets of Allah (swt) has been mentioned in ‘Al Qur’aan’. Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra) is the ‘companion of the cave’ (Al Qur’aan 9:40) and the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) mentions to his faithful companion that night, as stated in the Noble word of Allah (swt), ‘Allah is with us’. These are three great virtues of Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra). The first being to have unity and a close relationship with Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and have assisted him when he was alone. Allah (swt) addresses him as the Companion of Sayyidina Rasululah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and that he is mentioned as being in the company of Allah (swt), as Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam has said to him that 'Allah is with us'. At that time both Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu were there, regarding which Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'Allah is with us.'

The event of ‘Hudaybiyah’ was evidence as were the events of Uhud that complete submission to the orders and decisions of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is the meaning of true submission to Allah (swt). The companions (Ra) accepted that the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) only acts from inspiration given to him by Allah (swt). This is stated in the Noble Qur’aan ’53:3’.

Allah (swt) showed His tremendous favour on His beloved Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in the above verses mentioned. Allah (swt) made the judgement of His Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasalam) as His own Judgement in matters, his decree as His own decree in affairs. Allah (swt) does not accept from the faith of the believers in His Divinity until they have not also accepted and submitted to the commands of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasalam) because he is as He has described him ‘And he does not speak from his own choice, no, it is but revelation divinely revealed. Al Qur’aan (53:3;4). When Allah (swt) mentions the Pledge of Ar-Ridwan, (Al Qur’aan 48:10), He states ‘The Hand of Allah is above their hands’.  This meaning that those who gave their hands in the blessed hand of the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) have received Allah’s (swt) Favour and Acceptance.

 

Al Fath

‘We have given you a clear victory ….’ (Al Qur’aan, 48:1)

Allah (swt) Perfected His favour and blessings upon Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), confirming his shariah will prevail and the verses continue by saying that Allah (swt) has forgiven him for past and present. This means that the forgiveness of Allah (swt) is His favour and bounties upon the Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) as he was sinless. The term forgiveness is a Mercy on the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), and is further explained in the next verses that Allah (swt) Has completed His blessing upon Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). This meaning the conquest of Makka and Taif.

The treaty of Hudaybiyah opened the doors to Makka, allowing believers to visit and spread the message of Islam. Eventually the people of Quraysh had submitted including the most powerful opponent; Abu Sufyan. The believers marched onto Makka Makkaramah with victory already granted and no resistance as the blessed city was taken by the believers. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) entered in complete submission to Allah (swt) and in a state of humility. The blessed eyes of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were lowered in spite of being granted this Mighty victory over people who had tortured and humiliated him and his blessed companions (Ra).

When Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam entered Makkah Mukarramah as a conqueror, the people of Makkah became frightened. There was no place to live nor a path to walk. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam who is well known for being merciful and generous, announced that the person who entered the House of Allah (Kaa'bah) was safe, and those who remained in their homes were also safe. The one who laid down his arms was also safe, etc. There were eleven men and six women whose crimes could not be forgiven. These people were not included in the general amnesty. It was announced that there was no mercy for these people. Among these criminals seven men and two women embraced Islam and were pardoned. The remaining four men and four women were killed. Ibn Khatl was one of the eight that were punished.  He had accepted Islam initially but later became an apostate and went to Makkah. In Makkah he used to dis-respect Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam. For this reason, despite of entering the Baytullah (Ka'bah), he was killed. This was an exception in the universal Law of Allah (swt), which is that blood cannot be spilled in the ‘Harem’. This is the blessed sanctuary where since the time of Sayyidina Ibrahim (As), anyone who enters it cannot be harmed because fighting and killing is forbidden there. Yet Allah (swt) ordered the one who dis-respects the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) to be killed even in the sanctuary.   
A person came and said, "O' Messenger of Allah, Ibn Khatl is clinging to the cover of the Ka'bah." Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam replied, "He is not of the ones who have been granted amnesty, kill him." Ibn Shihaab Zuhri says, "I have been informed that Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was not in the state of Ihraam." Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam has said, "This was permissible for me today (not wearing Ihraam) and not for any other person."
The events of the ‘Conquest of Makka’ clearly show the elevated rank of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) providing evidence any person who commits the sin of slandering the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was not even pardoned despite being in the sanctuary of the ‘Harem’. Allah (swt) is the Sole guide of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and the fact the beloved Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) gave such an order confirms that there is none more dear or sacred in the Eyes of Allah (swt) than Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).

Further evidence of this is that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) entered Makka to conquer, without being in the Ihraam. The blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) said ‘Only Makka is halaal for me today’. 

 

Separation from our beloved

 

In the hadith it is mentioned that ‘The day Nabi Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam came to Madinah, everything in Madinah became illuminated. (When the anwaar - illumination increased, it could be felt. In the dark nights of Ramadaan many a time because of the intensity of the anwaaraat (illuminations), a natural illumination, was felt). The day when Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam passed away, everything of Madinah became dark. We had not yet dusted off the dust from our hands after the burial of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam when we began to feel the change in our hearts."

This does not mean that a change took place in their deeds and beliefs, but they missed the bounties of his noble company and seeing his inspiring personality, and the anwaar – illumination that were always present could not be benefited from anymore. Many of the Sahabah (Ra) did not believe that Rasulullah (salla lau alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) would ever depart. However it was Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra) who had begun leading the prayer after the illness of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) who reminded the believers that the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was to depart as the Messengers before him have departed.

 

After the passing of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu entered, kissed him on his blessed lower forehead (between the eyes), and put his hands on the blessed shoulders of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and said: 'Waa nabiyyaah', Waa Safiyyaah, Waa Khalilaah”. 

 

 

Everlasting Legacy

 

 

Did We not Exalt you in your fame. (Al Qur’aan 94:4)

The era began of the ‘Khulafah Rashideen’, the Rightly Guided Khalifahs. Beginning with the best of the Sahabah (Ra); Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique (Ra), the being passed onto Sayyidina Umar ibn Khattab (Ra), reaching Sayyidina Uthman Ibn Affan (Ra) after which the era of the great leadership concluded with Sayyidina Ali ibn Talib (Ra). It was these companions of the Beloved Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) who carried the torch of Islam through the Arabic peninsula and beyond. The Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) left behind nothing in dirham or dinar. The inheritance of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was sadaqah, and cannot be passed onto heirs. This is the case with all the Ambiyaa (As) that no one inherits their Estate. The Prophets of Allah (swt) - Ambiyaa (Alayhi Salaam) are alive in their graves, therefore their ownership remains. It is for this reason too that the blessed wives of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam have been prohibited to remarry in clear words in the Noble Qur'an (33:53).

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) left behind a mule and some weapons. There was also a piece of land, from it’s income his blessed family were supported. This land was not an inheritance but was ‘sadaqah’ – charity.

The promise of Allah (swt) in the above verse speaks of His favour on Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) that he will always be mentioned and praised and the blessings bestowed on the Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam (increases with every passing moment. This is confirmed in Al Qur’aan (94:3), when Allah (swt) confirms that ‘the last will be better for you than the first’ .The greatest honour given to Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is to be mentioned alongside the name of Allah (swt). The kalima, is proof of this and Allah (swt) confirmed to the Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) that ‘When I am mentioned, you are mentioned with Me in this statement (Kalima – La illaha il Allah Muhammadur Rusulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) performed miracles – mujizaat at will through the permission of Allah (swt), his miracles transcended all the previous Prophets of Allah. The Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) foretold future events and revealed past history, remaining consistent to his Message while bringing the best law for mankind. The Shariah given to Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is superior to any law that preceded it and Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was given the Final Revelation of Allah (swt); Al Qur’aan. The religion – deen, of the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was given victory over all previous religions and many things were made lawful to the Ummah of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) that were unlawful to previous nations. For example the whole of the earth is a Masjid for the Ummah of the Final Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), as long as the place is clean. Previous nations had allocated places to pray and were not permitted to pray elsewhere. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) made lawful the pure things and unlawful the impure things and enforced through his own infallible actions, the law of Islam. This law is still followed today and the authority of the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam remains to this day and will continue till the end of time. InshAllah. The law of Al Qur’aan includes revelations of the ‘Zabur’, ‘Taurat’ and ‘Injil’ yet is for the whole of mankind until the end of time. Previous books were only revealed for a certain time on a specific nation. The excellence of the Ummah of the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is unquestioned and surpasses every other nation from the past. The scholars of the Ummah of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) have the honour of being like the Prophets sent to Bani Israel, in knowledge only. This does not refer to the rank and honour of the Prophets of Allah, which cannot be met by anyone who is not a Prophet. The generosity and piety of the followers of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) surpassed all previous nations as they took their mercy from Rahmat lil Alamin   

The followers of Sayyidina Eesa (Alayhi Salaam) were following the laws as revealed by the ‘Taurat’, given to Bani Israel and perfected by Sayyidina Eesa (Alayhi Salaam) who was sent to re-establish that law and perfect the Word of Allah (swt). Yet the followers of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had no previous text to follow, they were permitted only to follow ‘Al Qur’aan’ which was revealed over 23 years. Through these teachings the companions (Ra) learnt of the previous Prophets of Allah and the previous Books. However they only believed in the teachings of the Messenger of Allah and followed his Sunnah as being the Word of Allah (swt). The Noble Qur’aan was revealed over 23 years but the companions became Muslims as soon as they believed in Allah (swt) being ‘One’ and following the leader of all the Prophets (As); Sayyidina Muhammadur Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). This is the path of ‘Ahl-e-Sunnah wal Jamaah’, and will remain supreme till the final hour. The followers in Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) follow the teachings of the Qur’an and Sunnah, the beliefs of the Ulama and the Auliya who were the best after the Sahabah (Ra) and Tabieen (Rh). Every element of the life and legacy of the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is the Truth, the best that has been given a created form, there has never been a blemish or error associated with the perfection of all character and conduct, physical form or spriritual state, it does not contain even a single mark which can be used against the integrity o the Final Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is the culmination of every quality of all the previous Prophets (As), their every word and action along with their every miracle has been placed in the Final Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in even greater quantity. Allah (swt) Protected His Messenger (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) bestowing upon him divine revelation and divine inspiration, whether it was the Noble Word of Allah (swt) – Al Qur’aan, or the blessed and perfected path of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam0 – Sunnah, it came through the Messenger of Allah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Allah (swt) clothes His best creation in His own attributes of ‘Compassionate’ and ‘Merciful’, to come from amongst us but not like us, as he is our Master.

‘I am the master of the children of Adam, and I am not proud’. (Muslim, Tirmidhi)   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Chronology of Prophet Muhammad’s (saLLA LAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI wASALLAM) life. 


569: Birth of the Holy Prophet (saw). The Year of many miracles, which is also called ‘Year
       of 
 the Elephant’. As this year the Kaaba was attacked by an army who came riding
       elephants, they retreated 
due to divine intervention that saw birds drop stones on the army
       from above.
 

577: Death of Aaminah the mother of the Prophet (saw).  

580: Death of Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of the Holy Prophet (saw).  

583: The Holy Prophet's (saw) journey to Syria in the company of his Uncle Abu Talib. His         
       meeting with the monk Bahira at Bisra who foretells of his Prophethood. 
 

591: The Holy Prophet (saw) becomes an active member of "Hilful Fudul", a league for the relief         of the distressed.

594: The Holy Prophet (saw) becomes the Manager of the business of Hasrat Khadija (ra), and         leads her trade caravan to Syria and back.  

595: The Holy Prophet (saw) marries Hasrat Khadija (ra).   

605:  The Holy Prophet (saw) arbitrates in a dispute among the Quraish about the placing of the           Black Stone in the Kaaba.  

610:  The first revelation of the Qur’an in the cave at Mount Hira. The Holy Prophet (saw) is           made aware of his Prophethood and that he is the Final Messenger of God.  

613:  The open declaration of Prophethood at Mt. Sara and inviting the general public to Islam. 

614:  Invitation by the Prophet (saw) to his own clan, the Hashim clan to accept Islam.  

615:  Persecution of the Muslims by the Quraish. A party of Muslims leaves for Abyssinia.  

616:  Second Hijrah to Abysinnia.  

617:  Social boycott of the Holy Prophet (saw) and the Hashim family by the Quraish. They are          forced just outside Makkah. The boycott stayed for two years. 

619:  Deaths of Abu Talib and Hadrat Khadija (ra). This has often been called the ‘Year of          Sorrow’. 

620:  The Journey to Taif and the terrible mis-treatment of the Prophet (saw).  The miraculous Isra and Miraaj - ascension to the heavens.  

621:  First pledge at Aqaba.  

622:  Second pledge at Aqaba. The Holy Prophet (saw) and the Muslims migrate to Yathrib.

623:   Nakhla expedition.  

624:  Battle of Badr. Expulsion of the Bani Qainuqa Jews from Madina.  

625:  Battle of Uhud. Martyrdom of  Muslims at Bir Mauna, which also included the Prophet’s           (saw) Uncle Hasrat Hamza (ra). Second expedition of Badr.   

626:  Expedition of Banu Mustaliq.   

627:  Battle of the Trench (Khandaq). Expulsion of Banu Quraiza Jews.  

628:  Truce of Hudaibiya. Expedition to Khyber. The Holy Prophet (saw) addresses letters to           various heads of states.  

629:  The Holy Prophet (saw) performs the pilgrimage at Makkah. Expedition to Muta (Romans).

630:  Conquest of Makkah.  

631:   Expedition to Tabuk. Year of Deputations.  

632:  Farewell pilgrimage at Makkah.  

632:  The passing away of the Holy Prophet (saw) in the house of his dearest wife Hasrat Aisha            (Ra).  


Please note: Some dates given above are approximate, not exact. We are unable to verify or find unanimous agreement on certain dates.