Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi
previous chapter the author described the ring. In this chapter the author discusses how Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu
alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) wore the ring. Nine Ahaadith are mentioned in this chapter.
Hadith Number 1
'Ali bin Abi Taalib Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam wore his
ring in the right hand".
Various narrations have been quoted
regarding whether Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu'Alayhi Wasallam wore the ring on his right or the left hand. A group
of muhadditheen have preferred the view that he wore the ring on his right hand. This is also the view of ‘Imaam
Bukhaari’, ‘Imaam Tirmidhi’, and other muhadditheen. A few of the 'ulama have concluded that he wore
it on the right hand, but sometimes wore it on the left. The 'ulama differ as to which hand it is best to wear a ring.
Among the Hanafi 'ulama there
are different opinions. A few say it is best to wear it on the left hand and others say both hands are equal. Shaami has quoted
both views. Mulla 'Ali Qaari has quoted a saying of the Hanafis, that it is best to wear it on the right hand. According
to the madh-hab, the view stated by Shaami is more reliable (acceptable).
Nawawi has stated that it is permissible according to the majority of the 'ulama, to wear it on either hand without karaahah.
The Maalikis state it is better to wear it on the left hand. In short both are proven from the hadith. The 'ulama have
also given preference to both. It is mentioned in ‘Durri Mukhtaar’ from Qahistani that it has become a symbol
of the Rawaafid (Shi'as) to wear a ring on the right hand, therefore it is waajib to abstain from wearing it
on the right hand. The author of ‘Durri Mukhtaar’ says that it is possible that it was the symbol of the Rawaafid
at that time and now it is not. Maulana Gangohi writes in his kitaab 'Kaukabi Durri' that because the wearing
of the ring on the left hand is the symbol of the Rawaafid, it is makruh to do so. Maulana (Khalil Ahmad) Saharanpuri
has given- the same view in his 'Badh-lul Majhud' and has also written that although there is a difference
of opinion whether the Rawaafid are Muslims or non-Muslims, there is no difference of opinion in that they are faasiqs. It
is very important to save one's self from imitating the fussaaq (plural of faasiq). (Now after the Iranian revolution
the belief of the Rawaafid (Shi'ah) has been openly propagated and made known. They reject the fundamental beliefs of
Islaam and hence are apostates and out of the fold of Islaam).
Hadith Number 2
Hazrat Hammaad bin Salamah says ‘I saw Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Raafi' wearing a ring on his right
hand. I asked him the reason and he replied, "I have seen Hazrat Abdullah bin Ja'far radiyallahu anhu wearing a ring
on his right hand, and he said that, he had seen Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wear a ring on the right hand."
(92) Hadith Number
is related from Hazrat Abdullah bin Ja'far radiyallahu anhu from another source (another chain of narrators) that Rasulullah
sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore a ring on the right hand.
In a hadith it has also been stated that beauty and elegance is more appropriate to the right hand. Therefore
Ibn Hajar, who is an Imaam of the science of hadith says, "After studying that hadith, I have found that if it is worn
for elegance and beauty, it should be worn on the right hand, and if it is worn for use as a seal or stamp it should be worn
on the left hand, as it is easier to remove from the left hand when using it."
It is mentioned in the ahaadith
that the ring was worn on both hands (right and left).
Hadith Number 4
bin Abdullah radiyallahu anhu says, "Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore the ring on the right hand."
Hadith Number 5
Sault bin Abdullah
says that Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu wore a ring on the right hand, and as far as I can remember he used to say that
Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam also wore it on the right hand.
Imam Tirmidhi has written this hadith briefly. It
is mentioned with more detail in the Abu Daawud. Ibn Is-haaq says, "I have seen Sault wear a ring on
the smallest finger of his right hand (this is known as the chungla finger in Urdu). I enquired the reason from him.
replied, "I have seen Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu wearing it in this manner. The top part of the ring was facing
outwards, as far as I can recall he was talking about the Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam and said that Rasulullah sallallahu
alaihe wasallam wore it in the same manner."
Two things are mentioned in this hadith. One is that the top part
was kept on the outer side of the finger. It is stated in the 'Badh-lul-Majhud' and 'Mirqaatus-Su'ud'
that it is more correct to wear the top part of the ring facing the inside (towards the palms). This has also been stated
in many narrations. This is also mentioned in the hadith appearing hereafter. Allamah Munaawi says that this is best because
it protects the stone and saves one from pride and high mindedness. The second matter referred to is the wearing of the ring
on the smallest finger. Imam Nawawi says that it is sunnah to do so according to the Ijmaa'. Allamah Shaami states that
the ring should be on this finger, and the stone should face towards the palm for men, and towards the outside for women,
as they wear it for beauty and elegance.
(95) Hadith Number
Hazrat Ibn Umar
radiyallahu anhu reports that, "Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam had a ring made of silver. The top portion remained
towards the inside. On it was engraved 'Muhammad Rasulullah'. The people were prohibited from making this inscription
on their rings. This is the same ring which fell from the hands of Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu into the well of Arees
during the reign of Hazrat Uthman radiyallahu anhu."
The reason for Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam prohibiting
the Sahabah radiyallahu anhum to make the same inscription on their rings is because the Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum followed
and imitated Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam in every sphere of life, and by doing so it was feared that there would
be confusion with the original seal. Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu was a Sahaabi and the guardian (keeper) of the ring
of Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam. When Sayyedina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam did not wear the ring it was
kept by Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu. In the same manner it was kept by him during the khilaafah of Sayyidina Abu
Bakr, Sayyidina Umar and Sayyidina Uthman radiyallah anhum. During the khilaafah of Sayyidina Uthman radiyallahu anhu, while
sitting at the well of Arees, Sayyidina Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu was giving the ring to Sayyidina Uthman radiyallah anhu
or was taking it from him and it accidentally fell into the well. This incident is mentioned in many ahaadith. As to whether
it fell from the hands of Hazrat Uthman radiyallahu anhu or from the hands of Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu, the Ulama have
adopted the view that it was the latter. Both ahaadith agree that it happened between them.
(96) Hadith Number 7
Imam Muhammad Baaqir relates that Imaam Hasan radiyallhu anhu and Imaam Hussain radiyallahu anhu, both wore
their rings on their left hands.
This hadith is contrary to the ones mentioned at the beginning of the
chapter by Imaam Tirmidhi. It is stated there that the ring was worn on the right hand. An explanation can be given that the
intention here is to indicate that after mentioning all the ahaadith, this narration that is contrary to the others may be
of a weak chain. According to this humble servant, the mentioning of the right hand shows that this is the preferred method.
This narration (under discussion) indicates that this too is permissible. Some of the learned have explained that in translations,
according to the practice of the Muhadditheen, the word, 'Am fi yasaarihi' has been removed i.e. Rasulullah sallallahu
alaihe wasallam used to wear the ring on the right hand or the left. According to this explanation no narration will be different
from a translation.
(97) Hadith Number 8
It is related from Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu
that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore a ring on the right hand, and some people have also related from Hazrat Anas
radiyallahu anhu that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore a ring on the left hand.
The findings of Imaam Tirmidhi are that both these hadith are incorrect, which would mean that
Sayyidina Anas radiyallahu anhu could not ascertain the correct hand. The Muhadditheen take great precautions and study each
part of a hadith in detail to determine which portion is correct, and which is incorrect in that hadith, although in other
ahaadith this has been ascertained to be correct. Consequently, today, the subject of hadith has been carefully preserved
and has spread in the world with 'nur' - light. Many ahaadith prove that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam
wore the ring on both the right or the left hand. The ahaadith where he wore it on the right hand have been mentioned in this
chapter. The ahaadith regarding his wearing it on the left hand are stated in the Abu Daawud and Muslim etc. Imam Nawawi informs
that both type of ahaadith are correct. It is a practice of the Muhadditheen, that although if three ahaadith are correct
(on a subject) and due to some special rule it does not comply with the standard, they will mention their views on this special
rule. Therefore, Imaam Tirmidhi has made a comment here.
Hadith Number 9
Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhu relates that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam had a ring made of gold which he wore on his
right hand. The Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum in imitating Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam also had gold rings made for
themselves. Thereafter, Rasulullah sallallah alaihe wasallam threw away the gold ring and said, "I will never wear it
It was permissible to wear gold in the early periods of Islam. Subsequently, this was ordained
haraam - forbidden for men. All the Ulama are unanimous in that it is haraam for men to wear gold. Imam Nawawi has
also stated the unanimous verdict of the Ulama in this respect. This subject is discussed at length in the books of fiqh.
It will not be appropriate to discuss it here.