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CHAPTER STATING THAT SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLALLAHU ‘ALAYHI WA ALE’ HI WASALLAM WORE THE RING ON HIS RIGHT HAND

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains; 

In the previous chapter the author described the ring. In this chapter the author discusses how Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) wore the ring. Nine Ahaadith are mentioned in this chapter.  

(90) Hadith Number 1

'Ali bin Abi Taalib Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam wore his ring in the right hand".  

Commentary

Various narrations have been quoted regarding whether Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu'Alayhi Wasallam wore the ring on his right or the left hand. A group of muhadditheen have preferred the view that he wore the ring on his right hand. This is also the view of ‘Imaam Bukhaari’, ‘Imaam Tirmidhi’, and other muhadditheen. A few of the 'ulama have concluded that he wore it on the right hand, but sometimes wore it on the left. The 'ulama differ as to which hand it is best to wear a ring.
 Among the Hanafi 'ulama there are different opinions. A few say it is best to wear it on the left hand and others say both hands are equal. Shaami has quoted both views. Mulla 'Ali Qaari has quoted a saying of the Hanafis, that it is best to wear it on the right hand. According to the madh-hab, the view stated by Shaami is more reliable (acceptable). 
  Imaani Nawawi has stated that it is permissible according to the majority of the 'ulama, to wear it on either hand without karaahah. The Maalikis state it is better to wear it on the left hand. In short both are proven from the hadith. The 'ulama have also given preference to both. It is mentioned in ‘Durri Mukhtaar’ from Qahistani that it has become a symbol of the Rawaafid (Shi'as) to wear a ring on the right hand, therefore it is waajib to abstain from wearing it on the right hand. The author of ‘Durri Mukhtaar’ says that it is possible that it was the symbol of the Rawaafid at that time and now it is not. Maulana Gangohi writes in his kitaab 'Kaukabi Durri' that because the wearing of the ring on the left hand is the symbol of the Rawaafid, it is makruh to do so. Maulana (Khalil Ahmad) Saharanpuri has given- the same view in his 'Badh-lul Majhud' and has also written that although there is a difference of opinion whether the Rawaafid are Muslims or non-Muslims, there is no difference of opinion in that they are faasiqs. It is very important to save one's self from imitating the fussaaq (plural of faasiq). (Now after the Iranian revolution the belief of the Rawaafid (Shi'ah) has been openly propagated and made known. They reject the fundamental beliefs of Islaam and hence are apostates and out of the fold of Islaam).

(91) Hadith Number 2


Hazrat Hammaad bin Salamah says ‘I saw Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Raafi' wearing a ring on his right hand. I asked him the reason and he replied, "I have seen Hazrat Abdullah bin Ja'far radiyallahu anhu wearing a ring on his right hand, and he said that, he had seen Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wear a ring on the right hand."  

(92) Hadith Number 3

It is related from Hazrat Abdullah bin Ja'far radiyallahu anhu from another source (another chain of narrators) that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore a ring on the right hand.  

Commentary

In a hadith it has also been stated that beauty and elegance is more appropriate to the right hand. Therefore Ibn Hajar, who is an Imaam of the science of hadith says, "After studying that hadith, I have found that if it is worn for elegance and beauty, it should be worn on the right hand, and if it is worn for use as a seal or stamp it should be worn on the left hand, as it is easier to remove from the left hand when using it."

It is mentioned in the ahaadith that the ring was worn on both hands (right and left).

(93) Hadith Number 4

Hazrat Jaabir bin Abdullah radiyallahu anhu says, "Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore the ring on the right hand." 

(94) Hadith Number 5

Sault bin Abdullah says that Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu wore a ring on the right hand, and as far as I can remember he used to say that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam also wore it on the right hand.   

Commentary

Imam Tirmidhi has written this hadith briefly. It is mentioned with more detail in the Abu Daawud. Ibn Is-haaq says, "I have seen Sault wear a ring on the smallest finger of his right hand (this is known as the chungla finger in Urdu). I enquired the reason from him.
He replied, "I have seen Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu wearing it in this manner. The top part of the ring was facing outwards, as far as I can recall he was talking about the Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam and said that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore it in the same manner."
Two things are mentioned in this hadith. One is that the top part was kept on the outer side of the finger. It is stated in the 'Badh-lul-Majhud' and 'Mirqaatus-Su'ud' that it is more correct to wear the top part of the ring facing the inside (towards the palms). This has also been stated in many narrations. This is also mentioned in the hadith appearing hereafter. Allamah Munaawi says that this is best because it protects the stone and saves one from pride and high mindedness. The second matter referred to is the wearing of the ring on the smallest finger. Imam Nawawi says that it is sunnah to do so according to the Ijmaa'. Allamah Shaami states that the ring should be on this finger, and the stone should face towards the palm for men, and towards the outside for women, as they wear it for beauty and elegance.

(95) Hadith Number 6

Hazrat Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhu reports that, "Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam had a ring made of silver. The top portion remained towards the inside. On it was engraved 'Muhammad Rasulullah'. The people were prohibited from making this inscription on their rings. This is the same ring which fell from the hands of Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu into the well of Arees during the reign of Hazrat Uthman radiyallahu anhu."   

Commentary

The reason for Sayyidina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam prohibiting the Sahabah radiyallahu anhum to make the same inscription on their rings is because the Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum followed and imitated Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam in every sphere of life, and by doing so it was feared that there would be confusion with the original seal. Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu was a Sahaabi and the guardian (keeper) of the ring of Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam. When Sayyedina Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam did not wear the ring it was kept by Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu. In the same manner it was kept by him during the khilaafah of Sayyidina Abu Bakr, Sayyidina Umar and Sayyidina Uthman radiyallah anhum. During the khilaafah of Sayyidina Uthman radiyallahu anhu, while sitting at the well of Arees, Sayyidina Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu was giving the ring to Sayyidina Uthman radiyallah anhu or was taking it from him and it accidentally fell into the well. This incident is mentioned in many ahaadith. As to whether it fell from the hands of Hazrat Uthman radiyallahu anhu or from the hands of Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu, the Ulama have adopted the view that it was the latter. Both ahaadith agree that it happened between them.

(96) Hadith Number 7

Imam Muhammad Baaqir relates that Imaam Hasan radiyallhu anhu and Imaam Hussain radiyallahu anhu, both wore their rings on their left hands. 


Commentary

This hadith is contrary to the ones mentioned at the beginning of the chapter by Imaam Tirmidhi. It is stated there that the ring was worn on the right hand. An explanation can be given that the intention here is to indicate that after mentioning all the ahaadith, this narration that is contrary to the others may be of a weak chain. According to this humble servant, the mentioning of the right hand shows that this is the preferred method. This narration (under discussion) indicates that this too is permissible. Some of the learned have explained that in translations, according to the practice of the Muhadditheen, the word, 'Am fi yasaarihi' has been removed i.e. Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam used to wear the ring on the right hand or the left. According to this explanation no narration will be different from a translation.

(97) Hadith Number 8

It is related from Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore a ring on the right hand, and some people have also related from Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore a ring on the left hand.  


Commentary

The findings of Imaam Tirmidhi are that both these hadith are incorrect, which would mean that Sayyidina Anas radiyallahu anhu could not ascertain the correct hand. The Muhadditheen take great precautions and study each part of a hadith in detail to determine which portion is correct, and which is incorrect in that hadith, although in other ahaadith this has been ascertained to be correct. Consequently, today, the subject of hadith has been carefully preserved and has spread in the world with 'nur' - light. Many ahaadith prove that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore the ring on both the right or the left hand. The ahaadith where he wore it on the right hand have been mentioned in this chapter. The ahaadith regarding his wearing it on the left hand are stated in the Abu Daawud and Muslim etc. Imam Nawawi informs that both type of ahaadith are correct. It is a practice of the Muhadditheen, that although if three ahaadith are correct (on a subject) and due to some special rule it does not comply with the standard, they will mention their views on this special rule. Therefore, Imaam Tirmidhi has made a comment here.

(98) Hadith Number 9

Hazrat Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhu relates that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam had a ring made of gold which he wore on his right hand. The Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum in imitating Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam also had gold rings made for themselves. Thereafter, Rasulullah sallallah alaihe wasallam threw away the gold ring and said, "I will never wear it again." 


Commentary

It was permissible to wear gold in the early periods of Islam. Subsequently, this was ordained haraam - forbidden for men. All the Ulama are unanimous in that it is haraam for men to wear gold. Imam Nawawi has also stated the unanimous verdict of the Ulama in this respect. This subject is discussed at length in the books of fiqh. It will not be appropriate to discuss it here.



Studying Ash-Shaam-il  

The wearing of the blessed ring 

This chapter explains how Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) wore his ring. Most hadith confirm that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) wore the ring on his right hand. This chapter also includes hadith that state the ring was also worn on the left hand. 

The different schools of Madh-hab have emphasized which hand should be given preference in this issue. The Hanifi school rule that the right is preferred and this view is supported by the Shafi school of thought. Whereas the Maliki prefer the left hand. The difference of opinion is based on the fact that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) practiced both and some believe that the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) first wore the ring on the right and then later began wearing on the left. Imam Nawaawi use to wear his ring on the little finger, on both the right hand and left.

Many hadith also confirm that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had a ring in which there was a stone. This has been previously discussed. This chapter also mentions that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) threw away his gold ring and the wearing of gold is haraam for men. It is only permissible for women to wear gold and in fact recent studies show that wearing of gold by women strengthens their hormones. 

Protecting the name 

The blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) forbid in his worldly life any imitation of his ring. This was specific for the ring, which contained the seal. This was only to protect the seal of Prophethood. This was similar to the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) not allowing anyone to keep the name of his kunya, which was ‘Abul Qaasim’. The kunya, is the family name and in Arab tradition you are called by your family name, in order to show respect. 


There was an incident in Medina Munawwarah, where someone called out this name but were not calling the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) but were calling someone else. Therefore it became forbidden for anyone to be given the same kunya as Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) at that time.  Now in today’s age, it is permissible to keep the ‘kunya’ of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) but only with the correct pronounciation. The tradition is for the name ‘Muhammad’ to be called with respect and complete adab be shown when using this blessed name as this name should be honoured.