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CHAPTER ON THE BLESSED HAIR OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLA LAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains; 

There are many narrations on the length of the hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) as has been mentioned before. There is no contradiction as the hair is the thing that grows. If at one time his hair reached the lobes of the ears, then at another time it was longer. It also has been proved that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) shaved the hair of his head several times. A person who relates about his mubarak hair at an earlier time states he had short hair. The one that relates it at a time later than that, states he had longer hair. Some of the ulama have concluded that the mubarak hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), above the forehead used to reach till half of his ears, and the hair of the middle of his mubarak head was longer than that, and the hair of the back of the head reached till near his shoulders.  


Imaam Tirmidhi has related eight ahaadith in this chapter.  


(23) Hadith Number 1.

Hasrat Anas (Raziyallahu Anhu) reported: “The hair of Rasulullah (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) reached till half of his ears”.  


(24) Hadith Number 2.

Hasrat Ayesha (Raziyallahu Anha) reported: Rasulullah (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) and I bathed in one utensil, and the mubarak hair of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was longer than those that reached the ear lobes, and were less than those that reached the shoulders". (It means that they were not very long nor were they short, but of a medium length).  

Commentary

It is not clear from this hadith if both bathed in a state of undress. Hasrat Ayesha (ra). herself says: 'I did not see the private parts of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), nor did he see my private parts'. Also the using of water from the same utensil cannot prove this. There are many ways both could have bathed from the same utensil and yet not see the private parts of one another.
From this hadith we also learn of the bathing together of husband and wife. The ulama are unanimous in accepting Imaam Nawawi's saying that this is jaa'iz (permissible). Another method is that the husband bathes first and the wife bathes after him with the remaining water. This is also unanimously accepted by all. The third method is the opposite where the wife bathes first then the husband bathes with the remaining water. This method is accepted by the Hanafis, Shaafi'ees and the Maalikis.
 The Hanbalis says it is not permissible, but if the husband is present and both bath together, then it is permissible. The pros and cons of this subject are very lengthy, therefore they have been omitted here. This subject has been mentioned briefly in Arabic commentary. Since a reputed Imaam opposes this, and this has also been mentioned in the hadith, it will therefore to better to abstain from it.


 
(25) Hadith Number 3.

Baraa bin Aazib (ra) reports: "Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was of average height, and the portion between the two shoulders was wide. His hair was till his ear lobes".  

Commentary

This hadith has been explained in the chapter on the mubarak - blessed features of Sayidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Because of the hair, this hadith is briefly mentioned here again.  


(26) Hadith Number 4.

Qataadah bin Da'aamah As-Sadusi relates: "I asked Anas (ra) 'How was the hair of Rasulullah (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ ale Hi Wasallam)?'. He replied: 'It was not very twisted, nor very straight. It had a slight twist and was a bit curled, and reached till his ear-lobes'".  


(27) Hadith Number 5.

Umme Haani bint Abi Taalib (ra) says: "Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) came to Makkah once after the hijrah. His mubarak hair had four plaits".  


Commentary.

According to well-known sources Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) came to Makkah Mukarramah four times after the hijrah. The first, at the time of Umratul Qadhaa in the 7th year hijri, then at the time of Fath Makkah in the 8th year hijri and in the same journey for Umratul Ja'iraanah. Lastly in the 10th year hijri for Hajj. The journey mentioned in this hadith under discussion, according to Bayjuri is at the time of Fath (conquest) of Makkah Mukarramah. The same has been stated in the ‘Mazaahiri Haq’. The Ulama have stated other times also. For men to make plaits like women is Makruh. By the word ‘Ghadaa-ir’ in this hadith, one should take to mean that, 'in which there is no similitude', because Sayyidina Rasulullah (saw) forbade this himself.  


(28) Hadith Number 6.

It is reported from Anas (ra) that the hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) reached till the middle of the ears. 


(29) Hadith Number 7.

Ibn Abbas (Raziyallahu Anhu) says: "Rasulullah (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam)) used to leave his blessed hair the way it naturally was, without making a path in the hair (parting hair). The reason being that the mushrikeen (polytheists) used to make a path in their hair, and the Ahl-ul Kitaab (People of the Book) did not do so. In the early periods Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) preferred to follow the Ahlul - Kitaab, rather than others, in matters where no command had came from Allah (swt). Later this was abrogated, and Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) began opposing the ways of the Ahlul- Kitaab after this".  


(30) Hadith Number 8.

Umme Haani (ra) reports: "I saw Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam) with four side locks (on his hair)". 
 

Commentary.

Apparently this is the same hadith as has been quoted earlier.

Studying Ash-Shaam-il 

The blessed hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) 

Sayyid Sheikh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi explained this chapter on the blessed hair of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The blessed – mubaarak hair of the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was curled and straight-ish. Hasrat Anas bin Malik (ra) confirmed the blessed hair reached till half the ears, in other narrations Hasrat Aisha Siddique (ra) stated the mubaarak hair reached the shoulders. Narrations also explain that the blessed hair of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) also touched the earlobes. Narrations also describe the blessed hair as being in four locks. There are no contradictions in these narrations as explained in this chapter. Clearly the state of hair changes over different periods of time.There are no narrations that state the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) cut their blessed hair at any time. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alahyi wa’ale hi wasallam) shaved his blessed hair at Hudabiyyah when on the farewell pilgrimage.   


The Culture of Islam 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) stopped parting his blessed hair around about the time when he left Makka, this style of parting hair was adopted by the idolaters. Therefore the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had to act differently. This was the same time when the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not pray facing the Kaaba, while there were idols inside. The direction of prayer was the Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem. 

When Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) came to Medina and established Islam, he showed the importance of not imitating others. His Sunnah – way, displays the necessity of acting differently to others.  In Islam, we follow the Sunnah and do not follow any local culture or fashion. The culture of Islam is the Sunnah of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). 

One narration confirms Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) saying ‘Do not imitate people of the book’. The ‘People of the Book’ are the Jews and Christians who received scriptures before the coming of Al-Qur’an. The ‘people of the book’ cut their beards and left their moustache, therefore the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) ordered his followers to ‘Clip the moustache and grow the beard’.
Also in Medina, the Jews would leave their hair without a parting so Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) began parting his blessed hair in Medina. (this shows we have to be careful not to be seen imitating or trying to be like the people around us. (As Muslims, we need to retain our own identity).