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CHAPTER ON THE ARMOUR OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLALAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains;   

Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam possessed seven suits of armour. The names of these are, (a) Dhaatul Fadl, because of its size it was well-known by this name, as is mentioned in the books of hadith. This armour was pawned to a Jew named Abus Shahm, (b) Dhaatul Hawaashi, (c) Dhaatul Wishaah, (d) Fiddah, (e) Saghdiyyah, (f) Tabraa, (g) Kharnag.

Two ahaadith are mentioned in this chapter.  


(103) Hadith 1  

Hazrat Zubair bin Al-Awwaam radiyallahu anhu relates that Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam wore two suits of armour on his mubaarak - blessed body in the Battle of Uhud (Dhaatul Fadl and Fiddah). Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam intended climbing a hill but (since it was huge and due to the heavy weight of the two armours and the difficulties he confronted causing his blessed face to bleed, as a result) he could not do so.  He therefore requested Talhah radiyallahu anhu to sit and, with his aid, climbed the hill. Zubair radiyallahu anhu said, "I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam say, "It has become waajib (Jannah or the intercession of Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) for Talhah." 

Commentary

The situation of the war in the Battle of Uhud was very serious. Some people began to fear that Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam had passed away. The reason for Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam climbing this hill was that the Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum could see him (being alive) and be reassured. Some of the learned say he climbed the hill to survey the enemy.

Sayyidina Talhah radiyallahu anhu very bravely accompanied and protected Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam on this day. Whenever the Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum discussed the Battle of Uhud, they would say that, that day belonged to Sayyidina Talhah radiyallahu anhu. Sayyidina Talhah radiyallahu anhu shielded Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam with his body. He received more than eighty wounds on his body and yet he did not leave the side of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, even though his hand became paralysed.

(104) Hadith 2

Hazrat Saa'ib bin Yazeed radiyallahu anhu says, "In the Battle of Uhud Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam wore two suits of armour. He wore one over the other."  

Commentary

It was not against tawakkul (having complete trust in Allah (swt)) for Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam to wear two armours. Firstly, according to the sufis, 'Kamaali Suluk' (The perfection of seeking) is to return to bidaayah (the beginning), that is, in general dealings to behave like the common people, and the following of the Shari'ah must become a habit.

Secondly, Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam did these things to teach the ummah.

Thirdly, Allah Ta'ala says in the Qur'aan, "Oh you who believe (when fighting the non-believers) protect yourselves (against their blows, etc., and also by wearing armour etc.). Then (to fight them) come out singly or collectively (as the necessity arises)." (Surah Nisaa (4; 71)). 

Therefore in preparing arms for protection, one will be following the injunctions of the Qur'aan. Who else can obey the commands of Allah Ta'ala more than Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam? By this, the use of all forms of protection is intended.



Studying Ash-Shaam-il  

Armour of the blessed Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) 

At time of war a ‘chain mail’ is worn, this is a suit of steel and is worn on the body covering the neck and face. Armour is the actual metal plate. Chain mail protects the parts of the body which are not covered by armour.  

Strenght of the Prophet (saw) 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had seven chain mails, including one from Sayyidina Daud (as) (Prophet David, peace be upon him). This chapter explains that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) wore two chain mails yet Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was the strongest in Arabia.

Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was the champion in wrestling out of the Arabs, who were the strongest race of people at the time. They drank the blessed water of Zamzam, and it was the tribe of Quraish who were the strongest amongst the Arabs. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was the strongest amongst the Quraish, this clearly means that there was no person in the world who had more strength then Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).
 

The Battle of Uhud is mentioned and it was about the mount of Uhud that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) said ‘We love Uhud and Uhud loves us’. In the battle of Uhud, Sayyidina Talha (Ra) was given the duty of guarding Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and due to this noble duty, Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) promised that ‘Talha has to enter Jannah’.  

Trading with non-believers  

In this chapter, it is mentioned that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) pawned his armour to a Jewish person. This shows that we can trade with non-Muslims and we should engage non-Muslims in trade.