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CHAPTER ON THE LOWER GARMENT (IZAAR) OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLALAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains;  

It was a noble habit of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam to wear an Izaar (waist-wrap, sarong). There is a difference of opinion whether Sayyidina Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore an izaar or not.  
According to Allamah Bayjuri's research, it is more correct that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not wear an izaar, although they possessed one. It is also said that after Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) passed away, there was an izaar in their belongings (estate). Ibn Qayyim (Ra) says that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam purchased an izaar, and this must have been done with the intention to wear it. It has also been mentioned in many ahaadith that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam wore an izaar. Many Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum wore an izaar with the permission of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam.  - Zaadul Ma'aad

Sayyidina Abu Umaamah radiyallahu anhu says, "I said to Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam that the Ahlul-Kitab (People of the Book) do not wear a lower garment, but they do wear an izaar.  Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam replied, "You must oppose the way of the non-believers. Wear an izaar, and other lower garment too."

Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah radiyallahu anhu says regarding a long hadith that he asked Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, "Do you wear an izaar?"
Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam replied, "I do. I've been commanded to cover my body. No other thing covers the body more than this."
The Muhadditheen state that this hadith is weak. - Naylul o-taar

Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam mostly wore an izaar, and a burdah (top-sheet, body-wrap). The sheet of the Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was four dhi-raa' (cubits, hands) long, and two and a half dhir-aa’ wide. According to one saying it is said that it was six dhir-aa' long and three dhi-raa' and one palm span wide. It is written that the lower garment of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was four dhi-raa' and one palm span long and two dhi-raa' wide.
 The author has written four ahaadith in this chapter.   


(112) Hadith 1  

Hazrat Abu Burdah bin Musa Al-Ash'ari radiyallahu anhu reports, "Sayyidina Aishah radyiallahu anha showed us a patched sheet, and a thick coarse izaar, then said, "When Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam passed away, they were wearing these clothes."   


Commentary

It was a habit of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam to wear simple clothing right up to the time of their passing away, even though the standard of living had generally improved. After the conquest of Khaybar, the economic situation of the Muslims became better.
After the conquest of Makkah, the kings of other countries also began sending presents etc. Despite this, Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam did not change their standard of living. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam lived simply and whatever was sent, was distributed to others. A few examples have been mentioned in the book 'Stories of the Sahabah -  radiyallahu anhum'.  Imam Nawawi says that this hadith and other similar ones point to the fact that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam loved the hereafter and stayed away from luxuries. Thick and coarse clothing makes one feel humble and simple, while the wearing of fine clothing makes one feel great and proud.

My saint, Maulana Hakim Jameelud-Deen Naginwi Ad-Dehlawi related an incident of Maulana Gangohi that when he went for Hajj and while performing tawaaf, a blind saint was sitting on the outer side of the Mataaf. Whenever Maulana passed by him, he said softly, "Wear the clothing of the pious." When Maulana completed the tawaaf and went to the side where the blind saint was sitting, he heard him say, "Khashin, khashin (coarse, coarse)," by which it was meant that the clothing of the pious was made of coarse material.

Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam generally wore coarse clothing. There is also evidence that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, sometimes, wore clothing made of fine material due to some religious benefit, if it was available. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam normally did not wear clothing made of fine cloth.


(113) Hadith 2


Hazrat Ubayd bin Khaalid radiyallahu anhu says, "I was once going to Madinah Munawwarah. I heard a person from behind me say, "Wear the izaar higher because it avoids physical and spiritual najaasah (impurities)." (The lower garment will remain cleaner and will not become dirty by being dragged on the ground). When I turned to see who was talking, I saw that it was Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam. I said, "Ya' Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, this is a simple garment, how can one become proud, and it is necessary to look after it (keep it clean)?"  Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam replied, "If you see no benefit in it, your following me has not ceased."  While Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was telling me this, I saw the lower garment of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam reached till half their blessed shin."  


Commentary

We have been warned strictly in the ahaadith on the wearing of an izaar or trouser below the ankle. All those parts that hang over the ankles will be burnt in the fire. Abdur-Rahman says, "I asked Hasrat Abu Saeed Khudari radiyallahu anhu regarding the lower garment. He replied, "You have a very meaningful question. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam has said, "The lower garment of a Muslim should reach till the middle of the shin, and there is no harm if it reaches above his ankles. But those portions that hang over the ankles will burn in the fire of jahannam - hell. The one that lets his clothes flow over his ankles in pride, Allah (swt) Most High will not look at him on the Day of Judgement." Abu Daawud.

Warnings like these have been given in other ahaadith too. One should take strict care of this. In our time it has become a fashion to let the clothing hang over the ankles, so much so, that we treat it to be something petty and pay no heed to the warning of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam. To Allah is our complaint.


(114) Hadith 3

Hazrat Salamah bin Akwa radiyallahu anhu says, "Sayyidina Uthman radiyallahu anhu wore his lower garment till the middle of his shin and said, "This is how my master Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam wore their garment."  


(115) Hadith 4

Hazrat Hudhayfah bin Al-Yamaan radiyallahu anhu reports that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam caught the shin of my leg, or of their own blessed leg and said, "This is where the lower garment should reach, and if not, then a little further down, and if not, then the lower garment has no right on the ankle." (For this reason the lower garment should not reach over the ankles.)  


Commentary

It is haraam - forbidden to cover the ankles when wearing an izaar or any lower garment etc. The Ulama say that only those people are exempted who have a boil or a sore on the ankle, which will cause flies etc. to sit on it. Only then shall it be permissible to cover it with an izaar etc, with the object of safeguarding it till it heals.

shaykhdemonstration.jpg
Sayyid Shaykh al'Yaqoubi demonstrating how Izaar is tied!

Studying Ash-Shaam-il  

The Etiquette of wearing clothes in Islam 

This chapter confirms the adab of wearing clothes as brought to us by the blessed Sunnah of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The Izaar – lower garment should reach the calf and not lower than this.

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) showed tremendous humility with their dress and this is why when they departed from the duniya, Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had two clothes on, with patches and were worn.

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not permit the wearing of long clothes, as this displays arrogance found in kings. Also from the point of hygiene, this is also wrong. Long clothes would become dirty and when entering the Masjid, you would bring in dirt.

Also the other adab in Islam can also be seen in the etiquettes of not wearing good clothes when visiting the poor.
 These are examples of the adab when wearing clothes and following the tremendous example of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).
The Noble Qur’an reminds us that in Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam), we have the best example.
 

You have an excellent example in the Messenger of Allah, for all who put their hope in Allah and the Last Day and remember Allah much.

(33, 21)