Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi
In this chapter is described the sitting of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla
lahu 'Alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam, and the different postures adopted.
Three ahaadith are mentioned here.
(120) Hadith Number 1
Hasrat Qaylah bint Makhramah Radiyallahu 'Anha reports: “I saw Rasulullah
Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam in the masjid (in a very humble posture) sitting in a qarfasaa posture.
Due to their awe-inspiring personality, I began shivering”.
The 'ulama differ in the explanation of the word 'qarfasaa'. The most commonly known is, that while sitting
on the ground, to lift both thighs in an upright position, and fold both arms around the legs. The reason for the awe was
that at this moment Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam was in some deep thought and worry.
Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) never worried over little things but they feared that perhaps
a punishment or calamity might descend on the Ummah. This seems to be the hadith that has been mentioned briefly in hadith
number twelve in the chapter on the ‘dressing of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam’.
This hadith has another portion which the author has shortened, where it continues that one among those present,
after seeing Sayyidina Qaylah Radiyallahu 'Anha shivering said: 'Oh Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam,
this poor woman is trembling'. Sayyidina Qaylah Radiyallahu 'Anha says: 'I was behind Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi
Wa’ale hi Wasallam, and they did not look towards me. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam
only said: 'Oh poor woman, be calm'. As soon as Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam said this
all the fear in me vanished'. In some narrations this incident is narrated of a man, as has been mentioned in the chapter
on the 'Dressing of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam'.
(121) Hadith Number
The uncle of 'Hasrat Abbaad bin Tamim, 'Hasrat Abdullah bin Zayd Radiyallahu
'Anhu reports: "I have seen Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam lying flat on their blessed
back in the masjid, with one blessed leg resting on the other.
In a narration of Sahih Muslim it has been
prohibited to sleep in this manner. The ulama have summed up both narrations in different ways. A simple explanation is that there are two different postures of sleeping referred to in
this manner, both of which have been verified in separate ahaadith. The first is to put the legs flat and rest
the one leg on the other. This manner has been mentioned in the 'Shamaa-il', and there is no harm in adopting
it. The second manner is to lie with both knees raised, then rest one leg on another. This verifies the narration of Sahih
Muslim. The reason for Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam prohibiting the second manner
is because the izaar was generally worn in 'Arabia at that time, and it is very likely that the private parts would be
exposed in this manner.
It has also been argued
here that this hadith is not relevant to the sitting of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam.
The ulama’ – Islamic scholars give different reasons for this. The simplest one is that in this chapter
on sitting, the general meaning of both sitting and lying down is taken, although some of the narrations on lying down will
be mentioned in the chapter on sleeping. It may also be possible, as Ibn Hajar has explained, that this type of sleeping
(despite being prohibited in the narration) is permissible in the masjid. Therefore to sit in different postures should also
(122) Hadith Number 3
Hasrat Abu Sa'eed Khudari Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "When Rasulullah
Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam sat in the masjid, they sat in the qarfasaa posture'.
By Qarfasaa' is meant to sit on the buttocks with both
thighs raised, and both arms folded around the thighs. Sometimes instead of the arms a cloth, izaar or a turban is tied around
the back, both thighs and legs. This manner of sitting displays humbleness and peacefulness. For this reason, Sayyidina Rasulullah
Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam many a time sat in this posture. The Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum also
sat in this manner, but it was not the object to always sit in this manner. This does not contradict the narration mentioned
in Abu Daawud. from which we gather that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam sat
crossed-legged from after fajr till ish-raaq (sunrise) in the masjid. It also does not contradict the other ahaadith narrated
on this subject. By sitting in the posture described in the hadith under discussion, besides showing humbleness, one gains
rest also. It is said that sitting in a qarfasaa posture is like leaning on a wall for the 'Arabs. This is because
in the wilderness there are no walls to lean upon, therefore this manner of sitting is in place of leaning on a wall. Many
a time instead of the hands a cloth was tied around (the body and legs) thus affording more rest.