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CHAPTER ON THE APPEARANCE OF THE WHITE HAIR OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLA LAHU ALAYHI WA ALE HI WASALLAM

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) confirms; 

Imaam Tirmidhi has compiled eight ahaadith in this chapter.  


(36) Hadith Number 1.

Qataadah (ra) reports: "I asked Anas (radiyallahu anhu) 'Did Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) dye his blessed hair?'" He replied: "The hair of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) did not reach such a stage where one would use a dye. Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had a few white hair on his temples but certainly Sayyidina Abu Bakr Saddique (radiyallahu anhu) dyed his hair with Hina and Katm." 


Commentary

Katm is a type of grass, which is used for dying the hair. Some people say that the colour of Katm is black, and if mixed with Hina it becomes red. Others say the colour of Katm is green, and when mixed with Hina it gives a black tint. Mulla Ali Qaari says: 'The one that gives more colour is considered. If more Katm is used the dye becomes black and if more Hina is used, it becomes red'. The use of both colours are permissible, but black should not be used. It has been forbidden in the ahaadith to use a totally black dye.


(37) Hadith Number 2.

Anas bin Maalik (R.A) reports: "I did not count more than fourteen white hair on the blessed head and blessed beard of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)".  


Commentary

Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had very few white hair. There is some disagreement on the actual number. In this narration fourteen hairs are mentioned. In others, seventeen, eighteen, and in some, twenty white hairs are mentioned. This is a minor disagreement. The other ahaadith may have been related at different periods. A difference in the counting may also be possible. 
    


(38) Hadith Number 3.

Jaabir bin Samurah (ra) was asked a question regarding the white hair of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). He replied: "When Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) oiled his blessed hair, it (white hair) did not show. When he did not oil it, it showed". 
 

Commentary

Oil gives the hair a shine, therefore the white hair becomes indistinguishable from the other hair, or they become compact and mixed, therefore the few white hairs cannot be easily seen. When there is no oil the hair becomes dry and loose, and is easily seen. 
 


(39) Hadith Number 4.

Ibn Umar (Ra) says: "Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had about twenty white hair".  

Commentary

As mentioned above this is not contrary to the other ahaadith. 
  


(40) Hadith Number 5.

Ibn Abbaas (ra) reports: "Abu Bakr Saddique (ra) once said, 'O Messenger of Allah, you have become old'. (What is the reason? Due to this mild and soft temperament he ought to be young, and also according to his age he should still be young). Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) replied: "The recitation of Surahs Hud, Waaqiah, Mursalat, Amma and Kuwwirah has made me old'".  

Commentary

Apart from these surahs, the Surahs of Al-Haaqqah, Al-Qaariah, Al- Ghaashiah etc. have also been mentioned. In short all those surahs wherein frightening matters are mentioned, e.g. Qiyaamah, (Day of judgement) Jahannam (Hell), the Trumpet, the punishment of evil
people etc. In a hadith, it is stated that Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) said: "If you knew what I know, you would laugh less and cry more. You would even stop going to your wives (or however he had said it)". It is written in the Sharhus Sunnah that a person saw Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) in his dream. He asked: "Ya (O) Rasulallah, (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)! This hadith has reached me that you have said: 'Surah Hud has made me old'". Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) replied: "There is one ayah - verse in it 'Wastaqim kama umirta' (Stay steadfast on the religion as I have commanded you). And it is well-known that to stay steadfast on the commandments of Allah is very difficult". That is why the Sufis have written that to remain steadfast is better than a thousand miracles. 
 


(41) Hadith Number 6.

Abu Juhayfah (ra) says: 'The people said: "Ya Rasulallah, (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)! we see the signs of old age beginning to show on you?" Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) replied: "Surah Hud and similar surahs have made me old". 


Commentary

It is related in a hadith that Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) once came out of his house, wiping his blessed hands on his mubaarak - blessed beard. Sayyidina Abu Bakr and Sayyidina Umar (Radiyallahu Anhuma)
plural used when more than one companion is mentioned – may Allah be pleased with them, were sitting in the Masjid at that time. When Sayyidina Abu Bakr Saddique (ra) saw this he said: 'O Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be sacrificed for you. How suddenly you have aged'. Then he began to weep and shed tears.Sayyedina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) said: "Surahs like Surah Hud have made me old".  Zamakh-shari says: "He read in a kitaab – book that a person had pure black hair one evening, and during the night it became completely white. When the people enquired of this sudden change, he said: "At night, I dreamt of Qiyaamah, where people were being pulled with chains and thrown into jahummum - hell. It frightened me so much that in one night I became like this".  Allah is Great


(42) Hadith Number 7.

Abu Rimthah Taymi (ra) says: "I went with my son to Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). (Probably he had not known Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) before). When I saw him I said to myself immediately, 'This is the true Messenger of Allah'. At that time Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was wearing two pieces of green (coloured) clothing. (His izaar -sarong, waist-wrap- and shawl were both green). On a few hairs there were signs of old age, but those hair were red". 
     


Commentary

The signs of dignity, 'Anwaari Nubuwwah' (Prophetic illumination) and 'Aathaari-Haybah' (Sign of awe) were thus seen on the blessed - mubaarak face of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam).
When one sees these signs, such words naturally come to one's tongue: "There is no doubt he is Allah's Messenger and cannot be untruthful etc." The ahaadith state that many Sahaabah - companions (Ra) uttered such words when meeting Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) for the first time.
The above hadith also states that the hair of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was red. The ulaama - scholars disagree whether Sayyidina Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) dyed his hair or not. Some are of the opinion that Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) dyed his hair and they base their argument on the red hair. Others deny this and say before the hair becomes white, it usually turns red. The redness was natural, and not that of a dye. Dyeing of the hair will be discussed in the ensuing chapter. Inshallah.


(43) Hadith Number 8.

Jaabir bin Samurah (ra) was asked: "Were there any white hair in the mubaarak - blessed head of Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)? He replied: 'He only had a few on the middle path, and when Rasulullah (Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) oiled his hair, they did not show'".  


Commentary

This narration seems to contradict the one related by Sayyidina Anas (ra), which has been mentioned in the beginning of this chapter. There is no complication, as there were a few white hair in the path that used to be covered by other hair. When oil was not rubbed in, they became visible. Therefore, if this is not mentioned in any hadith, there is no complication or harm.

Studying Ash-Shaam-il 

The grey hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)  

The hair of the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) 

The hair of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) were never all grey. Even though the hair of his companion; Hasrat Abu Bakr Saddique (Ra) had all grey hair due to his age. Abu Bakr Saddique (ra) was younger then Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The traditions show that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) went home with no grey hair but next morning he had some grey hair showing. This surprised Abu Bakr Saddique (ra) even though he was younger than the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). The beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was so worried about the commands of Allah (swt) to ‘Be Upright’ and the other revelations from Surah Waqiah etc that the hair of the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) turned grey.
The narrations state that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had 14, 17, 18 or possible 20 grey hair. This is not very many, and when Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) applied oil then the grey hair did not show.
Hasrat Aisha Saddique (ra) confirmed in one narration that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) had grey hair in two places; around the temple and in the beard around the chin. These grey hair have been described as ‘threads of silver’ in black hair and when dyed they became like ‘golden threads’. Also mentioned in this chapter is the clothing of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and many other traditions have also confirmed that the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) liked green and white colours in dress. 


Age and Wisdom 

The emergence of grey hair has two implications. Women dislike having grey hair but also it gives a certain dignity as it shows knowledge and wisdom. However in previous eras, even the youth could be considered as knowledgeable and would have responsibility. Only in recent times has old age been associated with knowledge and experience.The great Sheikhs would take many important positions at young ages, for example Sayyid Sheikh Muhammad al Yaqoubi Hasani himself was the Friday Khateeb at his masjid at the age of 14 years. Some have even become Imaams at the age of 11 years. Imam Shafi (Rh) was only sixteen years of age when forty scholars from Makka Makurramah gave him permission to issue fatwas – religious rulings. The tradition in Islam is that scholars do not reveal their age. This is also mentioned in a haadith. The reason for this is that if they are young, then they may lack respect and if they are too old, then some may think they wasted their life and do not know enough. The legislation on dyeing the hair when they turn grey is that this is permissible as long as they are not dyed black. This is because if black dye is used then this means that the person is hiding the process of nature. The use of Hina or Saffron is permitted. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) used Hina but this was not to cover the grey hair.   


The Perfection of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) 

Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam) knew that he was perfected, he had all elements with a perfect balance. Allah (swt) would never bestow anything on His beloved Messenger that diminishes his beauty. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was outside the dunya – world, he is only here to deliver a message.  

The Prophets (As) cannot sin or they would lie and this would bring their message into doubt. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) has no burden of sins and he is being promoted in rank. Allah (swt) sends blessings continuously on the beloved Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) and this is increasing the rank of the Prophet (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) with every second that passes. Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is promoted in rank and knowledge and in fact he considers any lack of knowledge a ‘sin’.