Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi
The author has mentioned four ahadeeth
in this chapter.
(123) Hadith Number 1
Hasrat Jaabir bin Samura radiyallahu
anhu reports, "I observed Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam lean on a pillow, which was on their
left side ".
It is permissible to put a pillow on both the right and left as stated in the hadith. The left is mentioned but
only incidentally according. According to the rules and regulations of the muhadditheen (hadith scholars),
the left side is not mentioned in the well -known narrations. Imam Tirmidhi has for this reason commented on this at
the end of the chapter.
(124) Hadith Number 2
Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique radiyallahu anhu relates that, "Sayyidina Rasulullah salla
lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam once said, :Must I show you a great sin, from among the greatest sins?" The sahaabah
replied, "Yes O Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, do tell us." Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu
alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam replied, "To ascribe a partner unto Allah. To disobey one's parents. To bare false
witness, (or tell a lie). (The narrator is not sure which of the two Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi
wasallam had said). At that time Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was leaning on something. When they
mentioned lies, they sat up, and because of its importance began to repeat it many times, till we began hoping that it would
stop and it would not be repeated so many times".
The reason for the Sahaabah radiyallhu anhum wishing that Sayyidina
Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam would stop repeating it, is because of their love for Sayyidina Rasulullah
salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, and their fear that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam
would become tired. It is often enough to say a thing once and the sahabah – companions feared that Sayyidina
Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam would say something that would become a cause of loss to the Ummah -
nation. Those who attend these type of religious or worldly assemblies are well aware of such situations. Sayyidina Rasulullah
salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam repeated it to show its importance. Lies and falsehood inevitably gets a person
involved in adultery, murder and many other sins. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam also said,
"When a person lies, the malaa-ikah - angels stay a (distance) of a mile away from him because of the odour
it causes in person's mouth". Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam also said, "A
Mu’min - believer cannot be a liar". Sayyidina Abu Bakr Siddique radiyallahu Anhu says, "Stay away from lies,
because lies keep away Imaan - faith."
In this hadith the major sins are mentioned. In the shari'ah
there are two types of sins. One is the minor sins, which are forgiven after performing wudu, salaah, saum,
hajj (ablution, prayer, fasting, pilgrimage) etc. The second is the major or greater sins. These are never forgiven
without sincere taubah (repentance). Certainly if Allah wills He will forgive even the major sins through His Great
Mercy. This is an exception, but the fundamental law is that they are not forgiven without sincere taubah. The 'Ulama
differ as to the count of major sins. Special books have been written on this subject. 'Allaamah Dha-habi has written
a special treatise on this subject, wherein he has counted four hundred major sins. ‘Allamah Ibn Hajar Makki has also written a two volume book which has been printed
in Egypt. He has mentioned all the major sins on every subject, like that of salaah, saum, zakaah, haj etc. He has counted
four hundred and sixty seven sins major sins in detail. Mulla ‘Ali Qarri has written the
commentary of the Shamaa-il Tirmidhi, the common major sins as follows;
a person, adultery, homosexuality, the drinking of wine and other intoxicants, theft, falsely accusing a person, refusing
to give evidence of a factual incident, take a false oath, unlawfully taking possession of anothers wealth or belonging, running
away from war against non-believers without a valid reason, dealing in interest, stealing an orphan's
possessions, taking and giving bribes, disobeying parents, cutting of relationship with one's relatives, relating a false
hadith, breaking fast in Ramadaan (without a valid reason), cheating in measures and weights, performing
a fardh salaah before or after its stipulated time, avoiding paying zakaah, hitting or ill-treating a Muslim or non-Muslim
with whom an agreement has been made, accusing or talking ill of the Sahaabah radiyallahu anhum, backbiting,
especially about an ‘aalim - scholar or a hafiz - memoriser of Al’ Qur'aan, telling tales (backbite) to an
oppressor, being shameless and accept the prostitution or unlawful habits of one's wife or daughter's, pimping, abstaining
from Amri-bin-ma’ruf wan-nahyi ‘anil munkar (commanding to do good, and prohibiting from commiting
evil) whilst having the strength and means to do so, practising black-magic (sihr, jadu) and teaching to others, casting
a spell (black-magic) on someone, learning the Qur'aan and then forgetting it, burning a living thing without a valid
reason, giving up hope of attending Allah's mercy, having no fear of His punishment, a woman disobeying her husband and
without a valid reason refusing to fulfil his desires.
Mulla Ali Qaari has given the above examples of major sins. In the ‘Mazaahiri Haq’,
translation and commentary on ‘Mishkaat’ a special chapter has been written in the beginning, wherein similar
sins have been mentioned. It has also been stated therein that to ascribe a partner on to Allah, in whatever form, e.g making
a partner in praying to Him; in seeking assistance; in knowledge; in His Divine Power and Authority in creating; in calling
(someone not present) for help; in naming; slaughtering; in offering a vow; or the handling over all such in matters to people
instead of Allah; etc. The following are also included in the book;
an intention to persist in sinning, to consume intoxicants, marry one's mahram (the relation you are not permitted to
marry according to Islamic law), gamble, keep friendship with non-believers, not to take part in Jihaad, whilst having the
power to do so, eat the meat of a dead animal, have faith in an astrologer, and forecasts of soothsayers, criticise Sayyidina
Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam and the malaa-ikah - angels, to deny the Prophethood of Sayyidina Rasulullah
salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, and the existence of the malaa-ikah – angels, criticise the Sahaabah radiyallahu
anhum; cause a quarrel and fight between husband and wife, be wasteful, create rebellion, intrigue or mischief, appear nude
before others (besides one's wife, or husband), be niggardly and stingy, not cleansing one's self from urine and sperm
(i.e. if these fall onto the clothing and body and are not washed), disbelieve and refute divine pre-ordainment, lower the
izzar - lower garment below the ankles in pride, lament (no-hah) a persons death, begin or invent a bad
mode, thing or manner; be ungrateful to a benefactor, call a Muslim a disbeliever; have intercourse with
a menstruating woman, become happy when food becomes scarce, commit a sexual act with an animal, look at a man with lust,
peep or spy in another's house, degrade the Ulama or the Huffaaz of the Qur'aan, fail to treat all wives equally if
one has more than wife, be unfaithful to the amir or leader etc.
The major sins also have their stages. That
is why in the above hadith only the main ones among the major sins are mentioned according to their circumstances.
The Ulama have written that to keep on committing a (minor) sin, results in it becoming a major sin, and by repenting sincerely
a major sin is forgiven. A sincere taubah – way to repent is that, one should make a firm resolution that one
shall not commit that sin again.
(125) Hadith 3 and 4
Hasrat Abu Juhayafah radiyallahu anhu reports that: "Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale
hi wasallam said: 'I do not lean when I have meals”.
This manner of eating is against
humility, and it drives one to eat more. Some people are of the opinion that it results in creating a large stomach, and the
food also does not digest quickly. Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam mentions this himself so
that he may be emulated. The Ulama write that there are four methods of leaning, and all four are included here. The first
is to lean with either side of the body on a wall, pillow, etc. The second is to lean with the palms on the ground. The third
is to sit cross legged on a pillow. The fourth method is to lean with the back on a large pillow or wall. All these postures
are included in the above prohibition.
Hadith Number 5
Hasrat Jaabir bin Samurah radiyallahu
anhu says: "I had seen Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam lean on a pillow."
This is the same hadith mentioned at the beginning
of the chapter. The author wanted to comment on this hadith, therefore it is repeated here.