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CHAPTER ON SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLA LAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM LEANING ON SOMETHING BESIDES A PILLOW

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains; 

 The pillow has been discussed in the previous chapter. Besides this Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam took support of people at the time of illness, and also leaned on them as is evident from the narrations. The author has therefore written this chapter separately. 

Two hadeeth are mentioned in this chapter.   


(128) Hadith Number 1

Hasrat Anas Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports that Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ ale Hi Wasallam became ill. For this reason Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam came out of their room with the support of Hasrat Usaamah Radiyallahu 'Anhu, and led the Sahaabah in salaah. Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam wore a Yamaani printed shawl at that time.   



Commentary

This has been discussed in hadith number six in the 'Chapter on the Clothing of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam.' 
 


(129) Hadith Number 2 
 

Hasrat Fadl bin 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "I came to Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam at the time of the last illness before they passed away. A yellow band was fastened around the mubaarak - blessed head of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. I greeted Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi wasallam and after replying, they asked me to fasten the band tightly around their mubaarak head. I carried out this request. Thereafter Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ ale Hi Wasallam sat up, then stood up supporting themself on my shoulder, and entered the masjid". There is a detailed-incident in this hadith 



Commentary


Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam fastened the band because of a headache. Some 'ulama have translated it as a turban instead of a band. It is evident that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam wore different coloured turbans. The proof of the yellow turban is taken from this hadith. The incident which Imaam Tirmidhi has referred to has been mentioned in detail in the book 'Majma'-uz Zawaa-id'. Sayyidina Fadl Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: I attended the noble assembly of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. I noticed that Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam had a fever and a band was fastened around their blessed head. Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'Hold my hand'. I held their blessed hand and (we) entered the masjid. Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam sat on the mimbar - pulpit, and said: 'Call the people'. I went to gather the people. After reciting the Hamd and Thanaa (thanks and praises to Allah (swt)), Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam addressed them on this subject:

'The time has come near when I shall leave you. Whomsoever I had hit on the back may take revenge. Whomsoever I have dishonoured or disgraced wrongfully, let him take revenge by dishonouring me. Let no person fear that if he takes revenge I shall hate him, for it is not my nature to do so, nor is it appropriate for me to do so. Remember, that person shall be very dear to me who avenges himself, or forgives me, so that I may meet my Creator in happiness and without fear. I will not consider it sufficient to announce this once only, but shall announce it again".

Thereafter, Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu ‘Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam descended from the mimbar. After performing the zuhr salaah, Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam again ascended the mimbar and made the same announcement. Sayydina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi Wasallam also repeated about the hatred as mentioned above, and added that if anyone owe's anything, let Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam pay it because the disgrace of this world is much less than the disgrace of the hereafter. A person stood up and said: "Oh Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, you owe me three Dirhams'. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'I will not refute someone's claim, nor will I make him swear an oath, but I would like to ask you, how and when was it taken?' He replied: 'A beggar once came to you. You asked me to give him three Dirhams'. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam told Sayyidina Fadl Radiyallahu 'Anhu to pay him the three Dirhams. Thereafter another person got up and said: 'I owe the Baytul Maal (Public Treasury) three Dirhams, which I cheated and wrongfully took from it'. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam asked: 'Why did you cheat?' He replied: 'At that time I was in need and very desperate'. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi Wa’ale hi Wasallam asked Sayydina Fadl Radiyallahu 'Anhu to collect the money from him. Thereafter Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam annouced : 'If anyone fears one's habits, let him ask for a du'aa (because the time for departure is near). A person got up and said. 'Oh Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, I am a liar, a munaafiq (hypocrite) and I sleep alot. 'Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam made du'aa for him, 'Oh Allah grant him truthfulness, a strong (and complete) imaan (faith), and cure from the illness of sleeping (a lot)'. After that another person stood up and said: 'Oh Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, I am a liar, a munaafiq and there is no sin which I have not committed'. Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu warned him that he was openly declaring his sins. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu  'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'O 'Umar, be calm, the disgrace of the world is lighter and better than the disgrace of the hereafter'. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam made du'aa for that person, 'Oh Allah, grant him truthfulness and a strong imaan, and make his life a better one'. Thereafter Sayyidina 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu got up and said something to the congregation. In reply to which Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: ‘Umar is with me and I am with 'Umar. After me 'Umar will remain on the truth wherever he goes'. In another hadith it is stated that a person got up and said : 'O Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, I am a coward and have the sickness of sleeping alot'. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam also made dua for him Sayydina Fadl Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: 'We saw thereafter, that there was no person braver than him'. After this Sayydina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam went to the room of Sayyidina Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha and repeated to the womenfolk what had been said to the menfolk. One Sahaabiyyah (ra) got up and said: 'Oh Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale hi wasallam, I am helpless from my tongue'. Sayydina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi  Wa’ale Hi Wasallam made dua for her'. - Majma-uz-Zawaa-id.

These people called themselves munaafiq (hypocrite) because of the fear they had of Allah (swt). A few incidents are related in the second chapter of the 'Stories of the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum'. Due to the great fear that over came them, they sometimes thought they had become hypocrites. Even Sayydina Abu Bakr Siddique Radiyallahu 'Anhu, who is the best person among the entire Ummah of Sayyidina Muhammad ur’ Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayh Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, by the consensus of the 'Ahlul-Haq’ (rightful ones), also at times, felt that he had become a munaafiq, as we find from the incident of Sayydina Hanzalah Radiyallahu 'Anhu which is mentioned in the 'Stories of the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum'. Ibn Abi Mulaykah says: I saw thirty people among the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum who fear they might have become munaafiqs'. Hasan Basri RA, who is among the great Sufis (spiritual masters) and a Taabi'ee (have seen a companion of Sayydina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) says: These Muslims of the past, i.e The Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum and present Muslims, i.e. those living among the Sahaabah and the Taabi'een, there are none among them who do not fear their nifaaq (hypocrisy). And in the past, and present times, there is no munaafiq, that is not content'. It is also reported from Hasan Basri RA, that the person that does not fear hypocrisy is in actual fact a munaafiq. Ebrahim Taymi, who is among the fuqahaa  - jurists of the Taabi'een says: 'Whenever I compare my sayings to my deeds, I fear that they may be false'. - Bukhaari, Fathul Baari.

What is meant, is the fear all these great personalities had for their own deeds. They thought of them as things that did not exist. nor had any value, as if nothing had been accomplished. They always feared that their advice and counsels etc. might become a means of their hypocrisy.

Studying Ash-Shaam-il  

The leaning of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) 

This chapter discusses that when Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) became ill, they leaned on their companion (Ra). Hasrat Fadl bin Abbaas (Ra) visited Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) at this time. 

This chapter also discusses that Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) wore a yellow turban. The wearing of the turban – amaamah has been discussed in a previous chapter. The malaa-ikah – angles in Badr, wore red turbans.