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CHAPTER ON THE WORDS THAT SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLA LAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM SAID BEFORE AND AFTER EATING

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains; 

The du’aas that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam recited before and after meals are mentioned in this chapter. 

Imaam Tirmidhi has mentioned seven ahaadith here.   


(179) Hadith Number 1.  

Hasrat Abu Ayyub Ansaari Radiyallahu'Anhu reports: "We were once present in the assembly of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam. Food was brought to him. 1 did not observe any food that had so much barakah at the beginning and at the end of which there was no barakah left in the food. We therefore asked Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam the reason? Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam replied: 'In the beginning we all recited 'Bism-illah' before we began eating. Then someone in the end joined us, and did not recite ''Bism-illah'. The shaytaan ate with him"'.


Commentary

According to the majority of the 'ulama, by the word 'Sh'aytaan eating the actual meaning is intended. It is not impossible for the shaytaan to eat and drink. In this hadith only Bismillah is mentioned, therefore the 'ulama say, if one only recites Bismillah before eating, it will suffice, but it is better and recommended that the full 'Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim' be recited. The 'ulama have also written that it is better to say the ‘Bismillah’ audibly so that others who may have forgotten may also remember it. 
 


(180) Hadith Number 2.

Sayyidina Aayeshah radiyallahu 'Anha says: "Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'When one eats and has forgotten to recite 'Bismillah', then when one remembers while eating, one should recite 'Bismillahi awwalahu wa aa-khirahu' ".   


(181) Hadith Number 3.  

Hasrat Umar bin Abi Salamah Radiyallahu 'Anbu came to Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam while food had been served to him. Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: "O my Son come near, recite Bism-illah, and eat with your right hand from that portion which is in front of you".   

Commentary

The 'ulama are unanimous that it is Sunnah to recite 'Bismillah'. According to the majority it is Sunnah to eat with the right hand, and some say it is waajib. The reason being Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam cursed a person who ate with his left hand, subsequently that persons hand became paralysed. This exemplary incident is mentioned in the kitaabs - books of hadith that a person was eating with the left hand. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam advised him to eat with the right hand. He replied: 'I cannot eat with the right hand'. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'You will not be able to eat with it in the future also'. After that, his right hand did not reach his mouth. In another narration it is related that Sayyidina Rasullullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam once saw a woman eating with her left hand. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam cursed her, the woman died in a plague. It is stated in Ibn Maajah that Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: 'The shaytaan eats with the left hand, therefore do not eat with the left hand'. According to some 'ulama, because of this narration, it is waajib - compulsory to eat with the right hand. The majority of the 'ulama say it is Sunnah. Nevertheless, due to these ahaadith strict importance should be paid to eating with the right hand. Nowadays people do not pay head to this, especially when drinking water (and tea). This disease has spread wildly. Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam has commanded, 'Eat with the right hand and drink with the right hand because the shaytaan eats and drinks with the left hand'.
In the same manner according to some 'ulama it is waajib to eat from one's own side (the food that is before one), but according to the majority it is sunnah.  



(182) Hadith Number 4.

Hasrat Abu Sa'eed Khudari Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "After eating Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam read this du'aa: 

Alhamdulillaahil  ladhi  at- a - manaa wa-saqaa-naa wa-ja-‘a-lanaa muslimeen  

Translation: Praise be to Allah who fed us, and gave us drink and made us Muslims".  

Commentary

It is evident that after eating we must thank Allah (swt) and as stated in the Qur-aan: '...if you give thanks to Me I will increase for you'.-Surah Ebrahim, 7.

This is an opportunity for giving-thanks. The word 'made us Muslims' is included because together with worldly favours, Allah has granted us spiritual favours by making us Muslims. Or because in reality the offering of thanks for eating and drinking and also the praising and thanking of Allah (swt) is the result of Islaam. Therefore this too has been included.


(183) Hadith Number 5.

Hasrat Abu Umaamah Radiyallahu-'Anhu says: "When the dastarkhaan (table cloth) was being removed in the presence of Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam recited this du'aa:  

Alhamdulillaahi hamdan kathiran tayyiban mubaarakan fihi-ghayra mu-wadda- ‘in wa-laa mus-taghnan 'anhu rabbuna  

Translation: Praise be to Allah, abundant, excellent, blessed praise! Unceasing, never parting, indispensable (praise), Lord of us".   


(184) Hadith Number 6.

Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha relates that while Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam and six of the Sahaabah (Ra) were having meals, a badawi came. He ate all the food up in two bites. Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said: "If he had read 'Bism-illah' it should have been sufficient for all"  

Commentary

Because the badawi did not recite Bismillah, the shaytaan joined and finished everything. The barakah - blessing of the food vanished. 


(185) Hadith Number 7.

Hasrat Anas Radiyallahu 'Anhu relates from Rasulullah Salla lahu 'Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam that, ‘Allah Ta'aala is pleased with that servant who eats one morsel (bite) or drinks one sip and gives thanks to Him’.

Studying Ash-Shaam-il  

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) saying before and after eating 

In this chapter, it is confirmed that Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, said ‘Bismillah’ before eating, or else Jinn will share the meal. 

Protection from Jinn 

Narrations confirm that we should recite ‘Audhu billah’ before changing in order to veil us from Jinns. The Jinns seize weak hearts and spirits. In today’s times may people complain of being possessed by Jinns, however this is very rare. In reality, 99% of people who have problems are not effected by Jinn or black magic. This is why the ‘Auliya’, then friends of Allah (swt) will never make business of treating people but will only treat people when they know the real cause. 

We are recommended to recite ‘Ayat-ul Kursi’ and have trust in Allah (swt). Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) says ‘It suffices to eat and drink and thank Allah (swt). Be upright and stay away from haraam’.