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CHAPTER ON THE FRUITS EATEN BY SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLA LAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains; 


The fruits that were eaten by Sayyidina Rasulullah sallal lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam are mentioned here.  

Seven ahaadith are mentioned in this chapter.   


(188) Hadith Number 1

Hasrat Abdullah ibn Ja’far radiyallahu anhu says, “Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam ate Qiththaa (cucumbers) with dates.” 
  


Commentary

Cucumber has a cold effect and dates have a hot one. By combining the two it becomes mild. From this hadith we gather that it is recommended that the effect (hot or cold) of things eaten be taken into consideration. Cucumber is insipid and tasteless, and dates are sweet which results in the cucumber also tasting sweet.


(189) Hadith Number 2

Sayyidina Aayeshah radiyallah anha reports that, “Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam ate watermelon with fresh dates.”  


Commentary

In Tirmidhi and other narrations, in explaining this, Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam also said, “The cold effect of one removes the heat of the other, and the heat of one removes the cold effect of the other.”



(190) Hadith Number 3

Hasrat Anas radiyallahu anhu says, “I saw Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam eat together musk melon and dates.”   


Commentary

Some Ulama have translated this also as ‘watermelon’ instead of musk-melon, the reason being, as in the first narration, here also the cold effect is intended. But it is clear that musk-melon is meant here. The reason for eating dates is also that it gives the melon a sweeter taste. It is not necessary that one’s benefit be gauged everywhere. It is possible that this is due to some other benefits. According to this humble servant the eating of watermelon with dates has its own benefit and that is to create evenness in the effect of both, so that it becomes mild. The eating of musk-melon with dates has its own benefit and that is that if the melon is insipid and tasteless, many a time, due to it being insipid sugar is mixed before it is eaten. Therefore it is not necessary to give the same reasons for both watermelon and musk-melon. 


(191) Hadith Number 4  

Sayyidina Aayeshah radiyallah anha says, “Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam ate watermelon with fresh dates.” 
  


(192) Hadith Number 5

Hasrat Abu Hurayrah radiyallahu anhu reports, “When the people saw (picked their) new fruit, they used to come and present it to Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam. Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam then recited this du’aa:-


Transliteration: Allahumma baarik lana fi thimaa-rina wa-baarik lanaa fi madinatinaa wa-baarik lanaa fi saa-'i-naa wa-fi muddinaa- Allahumma-inna Ebraahima 'ab-duka wa-kha-li-luka wa-nabiy-yuka wa-in – nahu da’aa-ka li-makkata wa-inni ad'u-ka lil-madinati bi-mith-li maa da'aaka bihi li-makkata wa-mith-lahu ma'a-hu  

Translation: O Allah! Bless us in our fruits. Bless us in our city. Bless us in our Saa’, and bless us in our Mudd’ (these are two measures used in Madinah to measure dates, etc.). O Allah verily Ibrahim alaihis salaam is Your servant, friend and Nabi. Most certainly I am also Your servant and Nabi (since it was an occasion for humbleness Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam did not mention here his being the habeeb - beloved - of Allah.) And (whatever) he has supplicated to You for (colonising) Makkah. (Which is mentioned in the aayah, “...so incline some hearts of men that they may yearn towards them, and provide Thou them with fruits in order that they may be thankful.”- Surah Ibrahim, 37).  I supplicate the same to You for Madinah.’  He (the narrator) says: “Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam then called a small child, to whom he gave that fruit.”   


(193) Hadith Number 6  

Hasrat Rubayyi bint Mu’awwidh ibn Afraa radiyallahu anha says, “My uncle Mu’aadh ibn Af-raa sent me with a plate of fresh dates, which had small cucumbers on it, to Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam. Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam liked cucumbers. I took this to him. At that time some jewellery had been sent to Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam from Bahrain. He took a handful from it and gave it to me.” 

Commentary

Besides the previously mentioned benefits of cucumbers and dates, it makes the body plump too. Sayyidina Aayeshah radiyallahu anha relates that, “After my marriage, when the time came for me to go and live with Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, my mother thought I should become abit plump and my build become better. She gave me cucumbers and dates to eat. As a result my body became nice and plump.”
It is related in a weak hadith that Sayyidina Aayeshah radiyallahu anha said that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam ate cucumber with salt. It is possible that he at times ate it with salt and at times with dates. Sometimes one prefers something that is sweet and at other times a thing that is salty.


(194) Hadith Number 7

Hasrat
Rubayyi bint Mu’awwidh ibn Afraa radiyallahu anha said, “I took a plate of fresh dates and small cucumbers to Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam. He gave me a handful of jewellery, or a handful of gold.”  


Commentary

This is the same hadith mentioned above. Here it is mentioned briefly. The narrator doubts if it was jewellery or gold.
 

Studying Ash-Shaam-il  


The fruits eaten by Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) ate cucumber and also liked to eat water melon and melon. Qiththaa, are different from cucumbers. Sayyidina Aayesha (Ra) had her nikaah with Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) at the age of nine and would eat certain fruits to become more healthy.  
The practice of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) was to take fresh fruit from harvest and give them to children and also narrations show that Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) gave a child jewellery in exchange for fruit.  


History of Medicine 

The history of medicine was based on understanding the four natures, and the fact that diseases are caused by the imbalance of the four natures. The ‘four natures’ are cold, hot, warm and cool. The Sunnah of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) shows this and this is why the combination of eating foods which have contrasting effect, adjusts the balance and brings health.   The remedy from the Qur’an and Sunnah is natural and most authentic. For example the remedy of diarrhoea is to have tea without sugar. The cure of constipation is to have ‘figs’. Similarly we need to avoid certain foods for example, eating cold boiled eggs causes asthma.   

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