Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi
A sweet fragrance
naturally emitted from the mubaarak - blessed body of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam, as
if he did not use itr. In a narration Sayyidina Anas radiyallahu anhu says: ‘I did not smell anything more
fragrant than the fragrant smell of Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam. Its fragrance was better than Amber
narrations testify to this. Many narrations are mentioned in the books of hadith, where it is stated that the perspiration
of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was used instead of itr. A narration from Sayyidina Umm
Sulaym radiyallahu anha is related in the Sahih Muslim and other books, that once while Sayyidina Rasulullah salla
lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was sleeping, sweat began to emit from his blessed - mubaarak body. She began
collecting it in a small bottle. The mubaarak eyes of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam opened.
He asked her what she was doing. She replied: “We use this in our itr,
it has the most fragrance”.
Once Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam
blew (damm) on his blessed palm and wiped it over the back and stomach of Sayyidina Uqbah radiyallahu anhu. It became
so fragrant, and as he had four wives, every one of them put on so much itr, to equal that fragrance, but it could not overcome
the fragrance Sayyidina Uqbah radiyallahu anhu had.
should I do with the sweet smell of flowers O Nasim (fragrant breeze).
The clothing is also hopeful of attaining a sweet smell.
Sayyidina Abu Ya’laa radiyallahu anhu and others relate that
in whichever alley Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam passed, others who passed later knew immediately
that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam had just passed there. Many other narrations are reported
on this subject. Besides this Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam usually used itr.
The author has written six ahaadith in this chapter.
(207) Hadith Number 1
Hasrat Anas radiyallahu
anhu says: “Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam had a ‘Sukkah’. He used a fragrance from
The ulama give two meanings to the word
‘Sukkah’. Some say it is an itr box, and say it is that box in which itr is kept. In this case it will mean using
the fragrance from an itr box. My ustaadh rahmatullahi alaihe gave the above transalation. Some ulama say it is a mixture
of various fragrances. The author of Qaamus and others prefer this meaning, and have also written the full recipe of how it
Hadith Number 2
Hasrat Thumaamah bin
Abdullah radiyallahu anhu reports, “Anas bin Maalik did not refuse itr, and used to say that Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi
wa’ale hi wasallam never refused (the acceptance of) itr”.
(209) Hadith Number
Hasrat Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhu says, “Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam said, ‘Three
things should not be refused: a pillow; fragrance (itr-oil); and milk.”
These things are mentioned because
it is not a burden upon the one who gives these presents and by refusing, one may at times offend the giver. All these things
are included in those which are simple and do not burden the one that presents it. By ‘pillow’, some ulama say
it means presenting a pillow, as it does not burden a person. Some ulama say that it is just for one’s use while sitting,
lying, sleeping, leaning, etc.
(210) Hadith Number 4
Hasrat Abu Hurayrah radiyallahu anhu narrates: “Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam said,
“The itr of a male is the fragrance of which spreads and has less colour in it (i.e. rose, kewrah etc.), and the itr
of a female is that, which has more colour and less fragrance (hina, mendhi, za’faraan etc.)”.
use a fragrance that is masculine, as colour does not suit them. Women should use a feminine fragrance, which does not give
off a strong fragrance, it must be such that its fragrance does not reach strangers.
(211) Hadith Number 5
Abu Uthman An-Nahdi (At-Taabi’ee)
radiyallahu anhu relates that Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam said: “If one is given rayhaan,
he should not refuse it, because it originates from Jannah.”
this, it is only the rayhaan itself that is meant or are other fragrant substances also included? The linguists give
both meanings, and both may be intended here. Allah Ta’aala made an imitation of the fragrance of Jannah - Paradise
in this world, because this may be an incentive for the people towards Jannah, and also increase their desire and zeal for
it. People are naturally attracted to something fragrant. What comparison can there be made with the original fragrance of
Jannah. It shall have such a strong fragrance, that the distance of five hundred years will have to be covered to reach its
Hadith Number 6
Hasrat Jarir bin Abdullah Bajali radiyallahu anhu reports that ‘I was presented to Umar (for
an inspection). “Jarir threw off his top shawl and walked in his izzar only (so that he could be inspected). Umar told
him to take his top sheet (put it on) and address the people saying: “I did not see anyone more handsome than Jarir
besides what we have heard of Yusuf As-Siddiqe alayhis salaam.”
‘What we heard of Sayyidina
Yusuf As-Siddiqe alaihis salaam shows that he must have been more handsome and beautiful than Sayyidina Jarir radiyallahu
anhu. Otherwise it seems there was none more handsome than him (Sayyidina Yusuf alaihis salaam). Sayyidina Umar radiyallahu
anhu was making a detailed inspection of the army at the time of jihaad. Every soldier was inspected and Sayyidina Jarir radiyallahu
anhu was among them. There are a few difficulties in this narration but shall be omitted to keep the subject short. One of
these difficulties is, that the beauty and handsomeness of Sayyidina Yusuf alaihis salaam is exempted here. However the mubaarak
– blessed beauty and handsomeness of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam
is not mentioned or exempted here. We can openly say that the handsomeness of Sayyidina Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale
Hi Wasallam was more than that of Sayyidina Yusuf alaihis salaam. By not mentioning this, the handsomeness of Sayyidina Rasulullah
salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam is obviously exempted. Shah Waliyullah Dehlawi has mentioned that the handsomeness
of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was hidden. The other question is, what relevance has this
narration with this chapter? An answer to this is that fragrance is a part of beauty. The more handsome the person, the more
fragrance will be emitted from that person’s clothing and body. It is an accepted fact that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla
lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was the most handsome and beautiful among the creation, and it is an accepted fact that
he was the most glittering among the full moons, therefore a sweet fragrance emitting from him is natural.