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CHAPTER ON THE LAUGHING OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLA LAHU ALAYHI WA’ALE HI WASALLAM   

Hazrat Sheikh-ul Hadeeth Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya Kandhelwi (R.A.) explains; 

Nine ahaadith are compiled in this chapter.   


(216) Hadith Number 1

Hasrat Jaabir ibn Samurah radiyallahu anhu says, “The calf of the leg of Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was slightly thin. His laugh was only that of a smile. Whenever I visited Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam, I thought he used kuhl on his eyes. Whereas he had not at that time used kuhl.”   


Commentary

Verily the eyes of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was like that which had kuhl on it. 
  


(217) Hadith Number 2

Hasrat Abdullah ibn Haarith radiyallahu anhu reports, “I did not see anyone who smiled more than Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam.”  


Commentary

A question arises from this hadith, that in the last hadith of the previous chapter, it is stated that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam always remained in deep thought and sorrow. This seems to contradict that hadith. Two explanations are given to the hadith. The first is that the meaning of the hadith is that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam smiled more than he laughed. No other person was seen, whose smile was more than his laugh. In a further hadith which is reported from that same Sahaabi - companion, this has been clearly elucidated. The second explanation is that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam besides being naturally worried, smiled and appeared cheerful so that the Sahaabah Radiyallahu Anhum might feel at ease and comfortable. This is the pinnacle of humbleness and good character. In the fifth and sixth hadith of this chapter, Sayyidina Jarir radiyallahu anhu says that whenever Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam saw me, he met me with a cheerful smile. There now remains no contradiction with the first hadith. Many times it so happens that a person is sad and worried, but to keep others happy, or for some other reason one has the opportunity to meet them cheerfully. Those who have in their hearts a mark of love, experience this many times. 


(218) Hadith Number 3

Hasrat Abdullah ibn Haarith radiyallahu anhu relates, “The laugh of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was but a smile.”   


Commentary

That means he smiled more often. There were fewer occasions where he laughed.

(219) Hadith Number 4

Hasrat Abu Dhar radiyallahu anhu says, “Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam said, “I know that person well who will enter Jannah first and also that person who will be the last one to be taken out of Jahannam. On the Day of Qiyaamah a person will be brought forward to the court of the Almighty Allah. It shall be commanded that all the minor sins of that person be put forward to him and the major sins be concealed. When the minor sins are disclosed to that person, he will accept that he had committed them, as there will be no room for refuting them. (He will begin to tremble and say in his heart that these are only the minor sins, what will happen when the major sins are exposed). During this happening it shall be commanded that for every sin of that person he be given the ajr (thawaab-reward) of a good deed. Upon hearing this the person himself will say ‘I still have many sins left to account for, that are not seen here’.”
Abu Dhar radiyallahu anhu says, “Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam while narrating the words of that person began laughing till his blessed - mubaarak teeth began to show.” (The reason being that the person himself disclosed the very sins he was frightened of).
   
 


Commentary

This person whose case is being narrated in detail is the same person of whom it was first described in brief that he will be the last one to enter Jannah, or it may be another person. The findings of the commentators are that it is another person. The person who will enter Jannah last is the one whose incident is mentioned in the seventh hadith of this chapter.


(220-221) Hadith Numbers 5 & 6

Hasrat Jarir ibn Abdullah radiyallahu anhu says, “After I accepted Islam, Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam never prohibited me from attending his assemblies. Whenever he saw me he laughed.” In the second narration it is stated that he smiled.   


Commentary

The second narration is mentioned because it may be known that by laughing as mentioned in the first hadith, it is meant that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam smiled. This smile is to show happiness, as to meet one cheerfully makes one feel at ease. I have observed that my elders at times met visitors with such happiness and cheerfulness that the visitor may feel that happiness is being felt by our coming.


(222) Hadith Number 7

Hasrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ud radiyallahu anhu said, “I know the person who will come out last from the fire. He will be such a man who will crawl out (due to the severity of the punishment of Jahannam he will not be able to walk). He will then be ordered to enter Jannah. He will go there and find that all the places therein are occupied. He will return and say, ‘O Allah the people have taken all the places.’ It will be said to him. ‘Do you remember the places in the world?’ (That when a place gets filled, there remains no place for a newcomer. And a person that arrives first occupies as much as one pleases, there remains no place for the ones that arrive later. The elders have translated it in this manner. According to this humble servant, if the meaning of it is taken as follows, it seems more appropriate, that do you remember the vastness and plentiness of the world and how big the world was. He is being reminded, because an announcement is going to be made that a place that is ten times greater than the world shall be given to him. After imagining the vastness of the world once, it may be assessed how great this gift is?). He will reply, ‘O my creator, I remember well.’ It will be commanded to him. ‘Make your wish in whichever way your heart desires.’ He will put forward his desires. It shall be commanded. All your desires are fulfilled and in addition ten times the size of the world is granted to you. He will reply, ‘Are you jesting with me O my Allah, and You are the King of the Kings? (There is no place in Jannah and You are granting me a place ten times greater than the world).” Sayyidina Ibn Mas’ud radiyallahu anhu said, “I saw Rasulullah Salla Lahu Alayhi Wa’ale Hi Wasallam laugh till his blessed - mubaarak teeth showed, when he related this portion of the man’s reply.”   


Commentary

The laughing of Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam was due to his happiness on granting His Mercies and Bounties on a person who is the last to be taken out of Jahannam - Hell. From this it is clear that the person was the most sinful (Muslim). Yet he was so greatly rewarded in this manner. What about the general Muslims, and especially the pious, what great Mercies and Bounties shall be showered on them? The more bounties the Ummah will receive, the more it becomes a reason for Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam to become happy. It is possible that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam laughed, because that person, who after experiencing the great hardships and punishment, came out of Jahannam. Yet he had the audacity to express his desires and also say that Allah (swt)was joking. 


 (223) Hadith Number 8

Hasrat Ali ibn Rabi’ah radiyallahu anhu says, “A conveyance (a horse or something was brought to Hazrat Ali radiyallahu anhu (in the period of his khilaafah). He recited Bismillah and put his leg in the stirrup. After he had mounted he said Alhamdulillah and recited this dua:  

Subhaa-nal-ladhi sakh-kha-ra lanaa haa-dhaa wa-maa kunnaa lahu muq-ri-neen – wa inna ilaa rabbinaa la munqalibun


Translation: Glorified be He Who hath subdued those unto us, and we were not capable (Of subduing them); And lo! Unto our Lord we are returning. (Surah Zukhruf 13-14)


(The ulama say that a conveyance could be a means of death. Therefore subjugation of a conveyance with gratitude towards Allah for His Mercy, and death are mentioned together. After all a person has to return to Allah after death). Sayyidina Ali radiyallahu anhu then said Alhamdulillah three times, Allahu Akbar three times, then recited: 
 

Subhaanaka inni zalamtu nafsi  - fagh-fir-li fa-innahu laa yagh-firudh dhu-nuba illaa anta

Translation: Glorified be Thou! Behold, I have wronged myself. So forgive thou me. Indeed, none forgiveth sins but Thou. 
 

Then (Sayyidina Ali radiyallahu anhu) laughed (smiled). I said to him, ‘What is the reason for laughing, O Ameerul Mumineen?’ He replied, ‘Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam also recited these du’aas in this manner and thereafter laughed (smiled). I also inquired from Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam the reason for laughing (smiling) as you have asked me. Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam said, ‘Allah Ta’ala becomes happy when His servants say, ‘No one can forgive me save You.’ My servant knows that no one forgives sins besides Me.” 
 


(224) Hadith Number 9

Hasrat Aamir bin Sa’d radiyallahu anhu says, “My father Sa’d said, ‘Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam laughed on the day of the Battle of Khandaq till his teeth showed.’ Aamir radiyallahu anhu says, ‘I asked why did he laugh?’ He replied, ‘A Kaafir had a shield, and Sa’d was a great archer. The kaafir protected himself by swaying the shield from side to side covering his forehead. (Sayyidina Sa’d radiyallahu anhu was a famous marksman, but the kaafir did not let the arrows get him). Sa’d radiyallahu anhu took an arrow (and kept it ready in the bow). When the non believer removed the shield from his head, he quickly aimed at the kaafir and did not miss the target, i.e. the (enemy’s) forehead. The enemy immediately fell down, his legs rising into the air. On that Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam laughed till his blessed - mubaraak teeth showed.’ I asked, ‘Why did Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam laugh?’ He replied, ‘Because of what he had done to the man.’  


Commentary

It may be doubted that Sayyidina Rasulullah salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam laughed because the man’s feet were raised in the air, hence the satr (private parts) were exposed. Therefore the reason for laughing had to be asked. Sayyidina Sa’d radiyallahu anhu replied, “No, but because I, although a good marksman, the non believer protected himself. He was clever to move his shield from side to side. But Sa’d thought of a plan, and aimed at him in such a way that he did not have a chance to protect himself and fell down.”

Studying Ash-Shaam-il  

The laughing of Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam)  Beautiful description of the Prophet (saw) 

This chapter contains many beautiful references to Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam). Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) smiled more than he laughed. Also the blessed legs are described as being wide at the top and narrow at the bottom. Narrations confirm that the blessed legs of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were most elegant, shaped like a cup. Also the blessed eyes of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) were naturally as if they had kuhl applied to them. The beautiful nature of Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) is also described and shows it is Sunnah to smile at seeing guests and this is part of good hospitality.  


Knowledge of the Prophet (saw) 

Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) has knowledge of the first to enter Jannah and also the last to enter Jannah. The sinful believers will enter the hellfire for a period of time and they will long for Jannah – Paradise. The wait for Al Jannah, will overwhelm their pain. The believers are afraid of sins and come in humility not arrogance. The narrations confirm the last person to enter Jannah will get whatever he wished for and ten times this duniya. This is the bounty of Allah (swt) for even the sinful believers. 

Part of the adab - etiquette in Islam is not to do dua – supplication, for something that is impossible. It is mukruh (undesirable) to do dua for the impossible, and we should have adab with Allah (swt). However we should wish for beautiful things even if they are impossible. Sayyidina Rasulullah (salla lahu alayhi wa’ale hi wasallam) wished to be martyred for Allah (swt) then given life, to be martyred again, then given life to be martyred again. This shows the esteemed rank of the martyrs.